US Assistance, Development, and Hierarchy in the Middle East: Aid for Allies

US Assistance, Development, and Hierarchy in the Middle East: Aid for Allies

by Anne Mariel Zimmermann

Paperback(Softcover reprint of the original 1st ed. 2017)

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What does US aid “buy” in the Middle East? Drawing on extensive primary source research, this book examines the role and consequences of US aid to three countries in the Middle East. The author argues that the political survival strategies of incumbent leaders in Egypt, Israel, and Jordan shaped not only the type of aid that these countries received from the US, but also its developmental and geopolitical impact. Leaders who relied heavily on distributing selective benefits to their ruling coalitions were more likely to receive forms of US aid that complemented their distributive political economies and undermined the state’s developmental capacity, which simultaneously rendered them more dependent on US resources, and more likely to cede fragments of their sovereignty to their major donor. Non-distributive leaders, however, could reap the full benefits of highly discretionary and technologically sophisticated aid, incorporating it into developmental policies that rendered them progressively less dependent on Washington—and better able to say “no” when it was in their best interest.

Product Details

ISBN-13: 9781349957019
Publisher: Palgrave Macmillan US
Publication date: 07/07/2018
Edition description: Softcover reprint of the original 1st ed. 2017
Pages: 273
Product dimensions: 5.83(w) x 8.27(h) x (d)

About the Author

Anne Mariel Zimmermann specializes in comparative political economy and Middle East politics. She was previously Assistant Professor at Wesleyan University, United States, and has also lectured at the University of St. Gallen and the University of Zurich, Switzerland. She received her Ph.D. from the University of Virginia, United States, in 2009.

Table of Contents

1. What Does US Aid “Buy” in the Middle East?
2. Aid and the Logic of Political Survival
Unit One: Israel

3. Non-Distributive Survival Strategy
4. Origins of US Aid to Israel
5. US Aid to Israel: Developmental Bargain
Unit Two: Jordan

6. Distributive Survival Strategy
7. Origins of US Aid to Jordan

8. US Aid to Jordan: Geopolitical Bargain

Unit Three: Egypt

9. Hybrid Survival Strategy
10. Origins of US Aid to Egypt
11. US Aid to Egypt: Illusive Bargains

12. Conclusion

What People are Saying About This

From the Publisher

“Aid for Allies is a sophisticated and well executed comparative study of the developmental and political effects of US foreign aid in the Middle East. It eschews simplistic approaches to explore not just how US aid varies but also how Middle Eastern regimes harnessed that aid. The work is a significant contribution to the political economy literature on the Middle East and helps illuminate critical questions about US foreign policy in the region.” (Pete W. Moore, Associate Professor of Politics, Case Western Reserve University, USA)

“Zimmermann pulls the mask off the geopolitics of international aid. In careful studies of U.S. and Israeli, Jordanian, and Egyptian relations, she reveals aid as a bargain between Washington, which seeks influence over its client states, and local leaders, who look to ensure their own political survival. In these cases, at least, the needs of the leaders drove aid flows, not the other way around, with major implications for the effective sovereignty of the client regimes. Ironically, those clients who were more dependent on aid to sustain themselves in office suffered worse development outcomes and lost more sovereignty to the United States. A well-crafted study that provides new insights into the troubled international history of the Middle East.” (David A. Lake, Professor of Social Science, University of California, San Diego, USA)

“Anne Zimmermann's remarkable book on the political and economic consequences of US foreign assistance to the Middle East is the most authoritative book on this subject matter. Zimmermann argues that US aid is geo-politically motivated. As such it prioritizes incumbent survival. This very logic guiding US aid has affected state development capacities across Middle Eastern recipient countries and has had varying influences on democratic and authoritarian regimes. Relying on the case studies of Egypt, Israel and Jordan to unpack her argument, Zimmermann has put together a carefully researched book that will revise much of our conventional wisdom about US foreign aid to the region.” (Amaney Jamal, Professor of Politics, Princeton University, USA)

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