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ABC-CLIO, Incorporated
U.S. Intelligence: Evolution and Anatomy, 2nd Edition / Edition 2

U.S. Intelligence: Evolution and Anatomy, 2nd Edition / Edition 2

by Mark M. LowenthalMark M. Lowenthal


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No major twentieth-century power has so short a history of national intelligence agencies or activities as does the United States, and few have been as public or as tumultuous. A major debate has now opened over the future structure, size, and role of U.S. intelligence in the aftermath of the cold war. This unique and fully updated book is a history of the U.S. intelligence community—as well as a detailed description of the organization and function of the major components of the community as they existed at the beginning of 1992. A welcome and timely update of one of the most concise and objective guides to the history and structure of U.S. intelligence. Representative Dave McCurdy, Chairman, Permanent Select Committee on Intelligence, U.S. House of Representatives

The history of the intelligence community can be divided into three distinct periods. From its creation in 1947 until the revelations and investigations of 1974-1975, the intelligence community operated under fairly broad grants of authority based on trust. After the Nixon administration, a previously dormant Congress was galvanized to write new oversight provisions and also took on a greater role as a shaper and consumer of intelligence. With the collapse of the Soviet Union and the end of the cold war in 1991, the intelligence community found its role and even its necessity questioned due to the sudden absence of its major target. Lowenthal emphasizes that a competent and challenged intelligence capability is an essential part of the U.S. national security structure, despite the status of external events or threats. The major requirement of this structure, he says, is providing timely, objective, and pointed analysis to policymakers across a wide range of issues.

Product Details

ISBN-13: 9780275944346
Publisher: ABC-CLIO, Incorporated
Publication date: 08/21/1992
Series: Washington Papers Series
Edition description: New Edition
Pages: 196
Product dimensions: 6.00(w) x 8.90(h) x 0.60(d)
Lexile: 1490L (what's this?)

About the Author

MARK M. LOWENTHAL is the senior specialist in U.S. foreign policy at the Congressional Research Service (CRS) of the Library of Congress. From 1985 to 1989, he served in the State Department's Bureau of Intelligence and Research, first as director of the Office of Strategic Forces Analysis and then as deputy assistant secretary for functional analysis. Prior to that he was a specialist in national defense at CRS and also served as head of CRS's Defense/Arms Control and Europe/Middle East/Africa sections. His publications include Leadership and Indecision: American War Planning and Policy Proccess, 1937-1942, as well as numerous articles and congressional studies on national security issues.

Table of Contents



The Evolution of U.S. Intelligence

Antecedents of the Modern U.S. Intelligence Community

The National Security Apparatus

The Age of Smith and Dulles

Intelligence and an Activist Foreign Policy

The Great Intelligence Investigation

Politicized Intelligence

A "Restored" Intelligence Community

Intelligence in the Post-Cold War World


The Anatomy of U.S. Intelligence

Central Coordination and Management

Intelligence Agencies and Components

Oversight Bodies




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