User's Guide to the Early Language and Literacy Classroom Observation Tool, Pre-K (Ellco Pre-K) / Edition 1

User's Guide to the Early Language and Literacy Classroom Observation Tool, Pre-K (Ellco Pre-K) / Edition 1

by Miriam W. Smith
Pub. Date:
Brookes Publishing
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User's Guide to the Early Language and Literacy Classroom Observation Tool, Pre-K (Ellco Pre-K) / Edition 1

With this user's guide, early childhood professionals will have the detailed, practical support they need to use ELLCO Pre-K effectively. Readers will: learn the key components of early literacy through vivid classroom vignettes, understand the connection between components of literacy and specific items of ELLCO Pre-K, receive detailed guidance on gathering evidence and making scoring decisions for ELLCO Pre-K items, discover how ELLCO Pre-K can be used most effectively in research and professional development efforts.

The technical appendix explains the psychometric properties of the ELLCO Toolkit, Research Edition (2002), in preschool classrooms, and a helpful annotated resources list directs ELLCO users to the best web sites, articles, and books on early literacy research and practice. Clear and concise, this user's guide will help professionals use ELLCO Pre-K to determine the effectiveness of classroom environments, strengthen the quality of programs and teaching practices, and improve young children's early literacy outcomes.

About the Author:
Miriam W. Smith, Ed.D., is Consultant, Educational Development Center, Inc. (EDC), Newton, Massachusetts

About the Author:
Joanne P. Brady, M.Ed., is Vice President and Director, Center for Children & Families, EDC

About the Author:
Louisa Anastasopoulos, M.P.P., is Project Director, EDC

Product Details

ISBN-13: 2901557669468
Publisher: Brookes Publishing
Publication date: 01/01/2008
Edition description: New Edition
Pages: 120
Product dimensions: 6.00(w) x 1.25(h) x 9.00(d)

Table of Contents

About the Authors     ix
Acknowledgments     xi
Introduction     1
Organization of the ELLCO Pre-K     2
Underlying Assumptions of the ELLCO Pre-K     3
Who Should Use the ELLCO Pre-K?     3
How Does the ELLCO Pre-K Compare with the ELLCO Toolkit?     4
Contents of the User's Guide     5
References     6
Effective Elements of Early Literacy: Kendra's Story     7
Entering     8
At the Writing Table     9
Construction Zone     10
Circle Time     12
Lunch Time     14
Ready to Go Home     14
References     16
Structure of the ELLCO Pre-K     19
Overall Structure and Levels     19
Anchor Statements     20
Descriptive Indicators     21
Evidence Section     23
Teacher Interview     23
How to Conduct an ELLCO Pre-K Observation     25
Guidelines for Observing in Classrooms     25
Scheduling and Duration of Observations     25
Conducting Observations with Professionalism and Respect     26
Preparing for the Observation     26
Taking Evidence and Rating Items     27
Focusing on the Evidence     27
Rating Strategies     28
Avoiding Bias     28
The Teacher Interview     29
Completing the Score Form     29
A Review of Sample Items     33
Recording Evidence     33
Understanding the Rubrics     34
From Evidence to Rubric to Rating     38
Item 8-Discourse Climate     38
Item 16-Quality of Book Reading     38
Item 17-Early Writing Environment     42
Using the ELLCO Pre-K for Professional Development     45
Tips for Incorporating the ELLCO Pre-K into Language and Literacy Practices     46
Create a Positive Climate for Teacher Development     46
Preview the ELLCO Together     47
Conduct an Initial Observation     48
Share Results     49
Generate Goals     49
Beginning Steps Toward Change     50
Classroom Structure (Organization, Contents, Management, Personnel)     50
Curriculum (Approaches, Child Choice, Diversity)     51
The Language Environment (Discourse Climate, Extended Conversations, Vocabulary, Phonological Awareness)     52
Books (Organization, Characteristics of Books, Books for Learning)     52
Book Reading (Approaches, Quality)     53
Early Writing (Environment, Support, Environmental Print)     53
References     54
Using the ELLCO Pre-K in Research     55
Training     55
Practicing and Calibrating Ratings     56
Interrater Reliability     56
Recalibration in the Field     56
References     57
Technical Appendix     59
Psychometric Properties of the Literacy Environment Checklist     61
Interrater Reliability     61
General Statistics     62
Reliability Analysis     62
Measuring Stability and Change     63
Psychometric Properties of the Classroom Observation     64
Interrater Reliability     64
General Statistics     65
Reliability Analysis     66
Measuring Stability and Change     67
Correlation with Another Widely Used Measure     68
Predicting Child Outcomes     69
Psychometric Properties of the Literacy Activities Rating Scale     70
Interrater Reliability     70
General Statistics     71
Reliability Analysis      71
Measuring Stability and Change     72
Correlations Among the ELLCO Toolkit (Research Edition) Measures     73
Addendum     75
References     79
Resources     81
Web Sites     81
Web Resources     85
Research Articles, Books, and Book Chapters     86

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