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Product Details

ISBN-13: 9780262035330
Publisher: MIT Press
Publication date: 01/27/2017
Series: Basic Bioethics
Pages: 456
Sales rank: 1,246,361
Product dimensions: 7.10(w) x 9.10(h) x 0.70(d)
Age Range: 18 Years

About the Author

Jason L. Schwartz is Assistant Professor of Public Health (Health Policy) and in the History of Medicine at Yale University.

Arthur L. Caplan is Director of the Division of Medical Ethics in the Department of Population Health at New York University's Langone Medical Center.

Donald W. Light is Professor of Social Medicine and Psychiatry at the University of Medicine and Dentistry of New Jersey School of Osteopathic Medicine and Senior Fellow at the Leonard Davis Institute of Health Economics.

Jason L. Schwartz is Assistant Professor of Public Health (Health Policy) and in the History of Medicine at Yale University.

Arthur L. Caplan is Director of the Division of Medical Ethics in the Department of Population Health at New York University's Langone Medical Center.

Arthur L. Caplan is Director of the Division of Medical Ethics in the Department of Population Health at New York University's Langone Medical Center.

Table of Contents

Series Foreword xi

Introduction xiii

I Enduring Themes in Vaccination History and Ethics 1

1 The History of Vaccines and Immunization: Familiar Patterns, New Challenges Alexandra Minna Stern Howard Markel 3

2 Immunity for the People: The Challenge of Achieving High Vaccine Coverage in American History James Colgrove 17

3 The Age-Old Struggle against the Antivaccinationists Gregory A. Poland Robert M. Jacobson 39

4 Ethics and Immunization Policy: Promoting Dialogue to Sustain Consensus Chris Feudtner Edgar K. Marcuse 43

II Issues in Vaccine Research and Development 57

5 The Vaccine Industry (Excerpt) R. Gordon Douglas Vijay B. Samant 59

6 A Global Roadmap Is Needed for Vaccine Research, Development, and Deployment Adel Mahmoud 65

7 Making Practical Markets for Vaccines Donald W. Light 79

8 Ethical Issues in International Vaccine Research and Development Robert J. Levine 89

9 Thorny Issues in the Ethics of AIDS Vaccine Trials Seth Berkley 99

10 The Vaccine (Excerpt) Michael Specter 103

11 Ethical Considerations in Biomedical HIV Prevention Trials (Excerpt) UNAIDS 115

III Vaccine Regulation, Risk-Benefit Assessments, and Safety 119

12 Immunization in the United States (Excerpt) Lance E. Rodewald Walter A. Orenstein Alan R. Hinman Anne Schuchat 123

13 Addressing the Vaccine Confidence Gap (Excerpt) Heidi J. Larson Louis Z. Cooper Juhani Eskola Samuel Katz Scott Ratzan 131

14 A Half-Century of Prevention-The Advisory Committee on Immunization Practices Jason L. Schwartz Adel Mahmoud 137

15 The National Vaccine Injury Compensation Program Katherine M. Cook Geoffrey Evans 141

16 Rationalizing Vaccine Injury Compensation Michelle M. Mello 145

17 Mercury, Vaccines, and Autism: One Controversy, Three Histories Jeffrey P. Baker 163

18 Vaccines and Autism: A Tale of Shifting Hypotheses Jeffrey S. Gerber Paul A. Offit 183

19 Wakefield's Article Linking MMR Vaccine and Autism Was Fraudulent (Excerpt) Fiona Godlee Jane Smith Harvey Marcovitch 195

IV Vaccination Requirements and Responses to Vaccine Hesitancy 199

20 Compulsory Vaccination and Conscientious or Philosophical Exemptions: Past, Present, and Future Daniel A. Salmon Stephen P. Teret C. Raina MacIntyre David Salisbury Margaret Burgess Neal A. Halsey 203

21 Vaccine Refusal, Mandatory Immunization, and the Risks of Vaccine-Preventable Diseases Saad B. Omer Daniel A. Salmon Walter A. Orenstein M. Patricia deHart Neal Halsey 217

22 Fatal Exemption Paul A. Offit 231

23 Politics, Parents, and Prophylaxis-Mandating HPV Vaccination in the United States R. Alta Charo 233

24 Lessons from the Failure of Human Papillomavirus Vaccine State Requirements Jason L. Schwartz Arthur L. Caplan Ruth R. Faden Jeremy Sugarman 237

25 Responding to Parental Refusals of Immunization of Children Douglas S. Diekema and the American Academy of Pediatrics Committee on Bioethics 245

26 Influenza Vaccination of Healthcare Personnel: Revised Society for Healthcare Epidemiology of America (SHEA) Position Paper (Excerpt) Thomas R. Talbot Hilary Babcock Arthur L. Caplan Deborah Cotton Lisa L. Maragakis Gregory A. Poland Edward J. Septimus Michael L. Tapper David J. Weber 253

V Pandemics and Bioterrorism: The Role of Vaccines in Preparedness and Response 257

27 Who Should Get Influenza Vaccine When Not All Can? Ezekiel J. Emanuel Alan Wertheimer 261

28 Ethical Vaccine Distribution Planning for Pandemic Influenza: Prioritizing Homeless and Hard-to-Reach Populations (Excerpt) Kristy Buccieri Stephen Gaetz 269

29 Poverty, Wealth, and Access to Pandemic Influenza Vaccines Tadataka Yamada 281

30 Negotiating Equitable Access to Influenza Vaccines: Global Health Diplomacy and the Controversies Surrounding Avian Influenza H5N1 and Pandemic Influenza H1N1 David P. Fidler 285

31 Safeguarding Children: Pediatric Medical Countermeasure Research (Executive Summary) Presidential Commission for the Study of Bioethical issues 295

32 Protecting Our Children from Bioterrorism Requires Testing of Anthrax Vaccine Tia Powell 305

VI Global Vaccination and Disease Eradication Programs 307

33 Rethinking Global Access to Vaccines (Excerpt) Dave A. Chokshi Aaron S. Kesselheim 311

34 Improving Access to Vaccines through Tiered Pricing Seth Berkley 315

35 Ethical Considerations for Vaccination Programs in Acute Humanitarian Emergencies Keymanthri Moodley Kate Hardie Michael J. Selgelid Ronald J. Waldman Peter Strebel Helen Rees David N. Durrheim 321

36 Lessons from the Eradication of Smallpox: An Interview with D. A. Henderson (Excerpt) D. A. Henderson Petra Klepac 335

37 Intimidation, Coercion, and Resistance in the Final Stages of the South Asian Smallpox Eradication Campaign (Excerpt) Paul Greenough 343

38 Is Disease Eradication Ethical? Arthur L. Caplan 351

39 Is There an Ethical Obligation to Complete Polio Eradication? Claudia I. Emerson Peter A. Singer 355

40 Letter from Public Health Deans Regarding Fictional Vaccination Campaigns in the Search for Osama Bin Laden and Response from The White House 359

VII Frontiers in Vaccination 363

41 A Handful of "Antipoverty" Vaccines Exist for Neglected Diseases, but the World's Poorest Billion People Need More Peter Hotez 367

42 Vaccines against Stimulants: Cocaine and Methamphetamine (Excerpt) Thomas Kosten Coreen Domingo Frank Orson Berma Kinsey 377

43 Anti-Cancer Vaccines-A One-Hit Wonder? (Excerpt) Justin H. K. Liu 381

44 Synthetic Generation of Influenza Vaccine Viruses for Rapid Response to Pandemics (Excerpt) Philip R. Dormitzer Pirada Suphaphiphat colleagues 387

45 Vaccines against Malaria (Excerpt) Amed Ouattara Matthew B. Laurens 393

46 Randomized Controlled Trials for Ebola: Practical and Ethical Issues Clement Adebamowo Oumou Bah-Sow 399

47 Evaluating Ebola Therapies-The Case for RCTs Edward Cox Luciana Borio Robert Temple 403

Index 407

What People are Saying About This

From the Publisher

This is an essential book for anyone interested in or working on vaccines. It's a near-perfect combination of rigorous scholarship, timeliness, and readability, with contributions from virtually all of the leading scholars tackling these issues. Absolutely first-rate.

Seth Mnookin, Director, MIT Graduate Program in Science Writing; author of The Panic Virus: The True Story of the Vaccine-Autism Controversy

Endorsement

This is an essential book for anyone interested in or working on vaccines. It's a near-perfect combination of rigorous scholarship, timeliness, and readability, with contributions from virtually all of the leading scholars tackling these issues. Absolutely first-rate.

Seth Mnookin, Director, MIT Graduate Program in Science Writing; author of The Panic Virus: The True Story of the Vaccine-Autism Controversy

Seth Mnookin

This is an essential book for anyone interested in or working on vaccines. It's a near-perfect combination of rigorous scholarship, timeliness, and readability, with contributions from virtually all of the leading scholars tackling these issues. Absolutely first-rate.

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