Variety of American Evangelicalism by Donald W. Dayton
Those labeled as "evangelicals" commonly are assumed to constitute a large and fairly homogeneous segment of American Protestantism. This volume suggests that, in fact, evangelicalism is better understood as a set of distinct subtraditions, each with its own history, organizations, and priorities. The differences among groups are so important that the question arises: Is the term "evangelical" useful at all?
This book attempts to enter as sympathetically as possible into the self-understandings of movements usually grouped under the evangelical umbrella. For each of twelve major traditions, a leading scholarly interpreter first articulates the group's theological orientation and then explores the relationship between that movement and broader "evangelical" issues and organizations. Contributors develop remarkably useful and diverse conceptual strategies for charting the complex evangelical landscape.
In crisp summary chapters, the editors draw differing conclusions from the many perspectives offered. Donald Dayton wants to abandon the category "evangelical" altogether. Robert Johnston sees the varied traditions as an "extended family" whose members embody common characteristics to greater or lesser degrees.
Donald W. Dayton has served as a professor at both Northern Baptist Theological Seminary and Azusa Pacific University. Robert K. Johnston is professor of theology and culture at Fuller Theological Seminary.
Other contributors include Timothy P. Weber, George M. Marsden, Russell L. Staples, Paul Merritt Bassett, Richard T. Hughes, Milton G. Sernett, Eric H. Ohlmann, C. John Weborg, C. Norman Kraus, Mark A. Noll, Cassandra Niemczyk, and Mark Ellingsen.
Table of Contents
Premillennialism and the Branches of Evangelicalism
Fundamentalism and American Evangelicalism
The Limits of Evangelicalism: The Pentecostal Tradition
The Theological Identity of the North American Holiness Movement
Are Restorationists Evangelicals?
Black Religion and the Question of Evangelical Identity
Baptists and Evangelicals
Pietism: Theology in Service of Living Toward God
Evangelicalism: A Mennonite Critique
Evangelicals and the Self-Consciously Reformed
Some Doubts about the Usefulness of the Category "Evangelical"