The book analyzes the varna vyavastha from the standpoint of governance. It shows that varna vyavastha reconciles the conflicting claims of evolution of individual and good governance in a synergetic manner. Besides, the thoughts of notable historians like D.D. Kosambi and G.S. Ghurys, political leaders like B.R. Ambedkar, Mahatma Gandhi and Ram Manohar Lohia, and western philosophers like John Locke and Karl Marx have been examined to show how these affirm the concept of Varna Vyavastha.