Vertebrate Palaeontology / Edition 3

Vertebrate Palaeontology / Edition 3

ISBN-10:
0632056371
ISBN-13:
9780632056378
Pub. Date:
12/28/2004
Publisher:
Wiley
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Overview

Vertebrate Palaeontology / Edition 3

Vertebrate Palaeontology is a complete, up-to-date history of the evolution of vertebrates. The third edition of this popular text has been extensively revised to incorporate the latest research, including new material from North and South America, Australia, Europe, China, Africa and Russia.

The third edition:

• highlights astonishing new discoveries including new dinosaurs and Mesozoic birds from China

• features an expanded chapter on how to study fossil vertebrates

• provides an increased emphasis on the cladistic framework, with cladograms set apart from the body of the text and full lists of diagnostic characters

• includes new molecular evidence on early mammal diversification

• presents new features to aid study, including new functional and developmental feature spreads, key questions and extensive references to useful web sites

The book has a strong phylogenetic focus making it an up-to-date source of the latest broad-scale systematic data on vertebrate evolution. This book will be essential reading for vertebrate palaeontology students in earth science and biology departments.

Product Details

ISBN-13: 9780632056378
Publisher: Wiley
Publication date: 12/28/2004
Edition description: Revised
Pages: 472
Product dimensions: 7.50(w) x 9.70(h) x 0.84(d)

Table of Contents

Prefacexi
1Vertebrate origins1
1.1The oldest chordate and the oldest vertebrate3
1.2Sea squirts and the lancelet4
1.3Phylum Hemichordata: pterobranchs and acorn worms6
1.4Chordate origins: embryology and relationships6
1.5Craniates and the head12
1.6Further reading13
2How to study fossil vertebrates15
2.1Digging up bones16
2.2Geology and fossil vertebrates22
2.3Biology and fossil vertebrates27
2.4Further reading35
3Early fishes37
3.1The extinct jawless fishes38
3.2Living agnathans47
3.3Origin of jaws and gnathostome relationships50
3.4Class Chondrichthyes: the first sharks53
3.5Class Placodermi: armour-plated monsters54
3.6Class Acanthodii: the 'spiny skins'58
3.7Devonian environments59
3.8The bony fishes64
3.9Early fish evolution and mass extinction70
3.10Further reading73
4The early tetrapods and amphibians75
4.1Problems of life on land76
4.2Devonian tetrapods80
4.3The Carboniferous world84
4.4Diversity of Carboniferous tetrapods86
4.5Temnospondyls and reptiliomorphs after the Carboniferous92
4.6Evolution of the modern amphibians97
4.7Further reading102
5The evolution of early amniotes103
5.1Hylonomus and Paleothyris--biology of the first amniotes104
5.2The cleidoic egg--a private pond105
5.3The Carboniferous amniotes109
5.4The Permian world111
5.5Pelycosaurs--the sail-backed synapsids112
5.6The therapsids of the Late Permian114
5.7Radiation of anapsids and diapsids in the Permian121
5.8Mass extinction127
5.9Further reading132
6Reptiles of the Triassic133
6.1The Triassic scene134
6.2Evolution of the archosauromorphs135
6.3In Triassic seas148
6.4The origin of the dinosaurs151
6.5Further reading156
7The evolution of fishes after the Devonian157
7.1The early sharks and chimaeras158
7.2Post-Palaeozoic chondrichthyan evolution164
7.3The early bony fishes168
7.4Radiation of the teleosts175
7.5Post-Devonian evolution of fishes182
7.6Further reading185
8The age of dinosaurs187
8.1Biology of Plateosaurus188
8.2The Jurassic and Cretaceous world190
8.3The diversity of saurischian dinosaurs191
8.4The diversity of ornithischian dinosaurs201
8.5Dinosaurian biology--warm-blooded or not?214
8.6Order Pterosauria221
8.7Order Crocodylia230
8.8Order Testudines: the turtles233
8.9Superorder Lepidosauria236
8.10The great sea dragons241
8.11Diversification of Jurassic--Cretaceous reptiles246
8.12The great extinction249
8.13Further reading257
9The birds259
9.1Archaeopteryx260
9.2The origins of bird flight265
9.3Toothed birds of the Cretaceous268
9.4Flightless birds: Division Palaeognathae274
9.5Division Neognathae276
9.6Diversification of the birds285
9.7Further reading286
10The mammals287
10.1The cynodonts and the acquisition of mammalian characters288
10.2Morganucodon--the first mammal297
10.3The Mesozoic mammals301
10.4The marsupials310
10.5South American mammals--another world apart312
10.6The beginning of the age of placental mammals321
10.7Order Lipotyphla: hedgehogs, moles and shrews328
10.8Order Carnivora328
10.9Superorder Archonta: bats, tree shrews, flying lemurs and primates331
10.10Radiation of the rodents336
10.11Order Perissodactyla: browsers and grazers341
10.12Order Artiodactyla: cattle, deer and pigs344
10.13Order Cetacea: evolution of the whales348
10.14Grandorder Paenungulata: elephants and their relatives351
10.15Orders Tubulidentata and Pholidota: odd ant-eaters356
10.16Extinctions in the Ice Ages356
10.17Phylogeny of the placentals357
10.18The pattern of mammalian evolution360
10.19Further reading361
11Human evolution363
11.1What are the primates?364
11.2The early fossil record of primates365
11.3Superfamily Hominoidea: the apes370
11.4Evolution of human characteristics374
11.5The early stages of human evolution378
11.6The last two million years of human evolution382
11.7Further reading389
AppendixClassification of the vertebrates391
Glossary405
References409
Index437

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