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Cengage Learning
Vice and Virtue in Everyday Life / Edition 9

Vice and Virtue in Everyday Life / Edition 9

by Christina Hoff Sommers, Fred Sommers
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VICE AND VIRTUE IN EVERYDAY LIFE has been a popular choice in college ethics course study for more than two decades because it is well-liked by both college instructors and students. Course instructors appreciate it for its philosophical breadth and seriousness while college students and other readers welcome the engaging topics and readings. VICE AND VIRTUE IN EVERYDAY LIFE provides students with a lively selection of classical and contemporary readings on pressing matters of personal and social morality. The text includes an overview of seminal ethical theories, as well as a unique set of stimulating articles on matters of social responsibility, personal integrity and individual virtue. While the readings consistently represent different points of view, the book also challenges readers to go beyond theoretical applications and contingent circumstances, to cultivate virtuous decision-making in their own lives.

Product Details

ISBN-13: 9781111837549
Publisher: Cengage Learning
Publication date: 01/01/2012
Edition description: New Edition
Pages: 560
Product dimensions: 6.30(w) x 9.00(h) x 0.90(d)

About the Author

Christina Hoff Sommers is a Resident Scholar at the American Enterprise Institute who taught ethics at Clark University and the University of Massachusetts. Her recent books include a second edition of "The War Against Boys" (New York Times Notable Book of the Year) and "One Nation Under Therapy".

Fred Sommers is professor emeritus at Brandeis University. He continues to publish widely on logic, belief, and other philosophical topics. In 2005, MIT Press published a book of essays called "The New Old Logic", which honors Sommers' distinctive contributions to 20th century philosophy.

Table of Contents

Preface. Acknowledgement. 1. GOOD AND EVIL. Philip Hallie: From Cruelty to Goodness. Jonathan Bennett: The Conscience of Huckleberry Finn. Philip Hallie: The Evil That Men Think—And Do. Tzvetan Todorov: Facing the Extreme: The War of All Against All. Anne Applebaum: Strategies for Survival. Stanley Milgram: The Perils of Obedience. Josiah Royce: The Moral Insight. Herman Melville: Billy Budd. Friedrich Nietzsche: Beyond Good and Evil. 2. IS IT ALL RELATIVE? Herodotus: Morality As Custom. Ruth Benedict: A Defense of Moral Relativism. William Graham Sumner: A Defense of Cultural Relativism. Carolyn Fluehr-Lobban: Cultural Relativism and Universal Rights. Loretta M. Kopelman: Female Circumcision/Genital Mutilation and Ethical Relativism. Lawrence Adam Lengbeyer: An Alternative to Moral Relativism. Louis Pojman: Who's to Judge? Thomas Nagel: The Objective Basis of Morality. R. M. MacIver: The Deep Beauty of the Golden Rule. Martin Luther King, Jr.: I Have a Dream. The United Nations Charter: The Universal Declaration of Human Rights. 3. MORALITY AND SELF-INTEREST. Plato: The Ring of Gyges. Thomas Hobbes: Of the State of Men without Civil Society. David Hume: Of Self-Love. Harry Browne: The Unselfishness Trap. James Rachels: Egoism and Moral Skepticism. Ayn Rand: The Virtue of Selfishness. Louis Pojman: Egoism, Self-Interest, and Altruism. Colin McGinn: Why Not Be a Bad Person? Peter Singer: Why Act Morally? 4. MORAL DOCTRINES AND MORAL THEORIES. The Judeo-Christian Tradition. Robert C. Mortimer: Morality Is Based on God's Commands. John Arthur: Why Morality Does Not Depend on Religion. David Hume: Of Benevolence. John Stuart Mill: Utilitarianism. Bernard Williams: A Critique of Utilitarianism. John Harris: The Survival Lottery. Ursula K. Le Guin: The Ones Who Walk Away from Omelas. Immanuel Kant: Good Will, Duty, and the Categorical Imperative. Fred Sommers: The Holocaust and Moral Philosophy. Richard Taylor: A Critique of Kantianism. 5. VIRTUE. Aristotle: Happiness and the Virtues. Saint Augustine: Virtue and the Human Soul. Epictetus: The Art of Living. James Stockdale: The World of Epictetus. Bernard Mayo: Virtue or Duty? Alasdair MacIntyre: Tradition and the Virtues. Philippa Foot: Virtues and Vices. James Rachels: The Ethics of Virtue. Adam Smith: Of Justice and Beneficence. Charles Darwin: The Origin of the Moral Sense. 6. VICE. Plutarch: Vice. Saint Augustine: The Depths of Vice. Jonathan Edwards: Sinners in the Hands of an Angry God. Dante Alighieri: The Hypocrites. Samuel Johnson: Self-Deception. Joseph Butler: Upon Self-Deceit. Immanuel Kant: Jealousy, Envy, and Spite. Leo Tolstoy: How Much Land Does a Man Need? A Parable on Greed. 7. MORALITY AND SOCIAL POLICY. Peter Singer: Famine, Affluence, and Morality. John Arthur: World Hunger and Moral Obligation: The Case against Singer. Bowen McCoy: The Parable of the Sadhu. James Shikwati: "For Heaven's Sake, Please Stop the Aid"! John T. Noonan, Jr.: An Almost Absolute Value in History. Mary Anne Warren: On the Moral and Legal Status of Abortion. Judith Jarvis Thomson: A Defense of Abortion. Don Marquis: Why Abortion Is Immoral. Immanuel Kant: On Duties to Animals. Peter Singer: Down on the Factory Farm. Alastair Norcross: Puppies, Pigs, and People: Eating Meat and Marginal Cases. Michael Pollan: An Animal's Place. Roger Scruton: Case Against Animal Rights. Robert K. Fullinwider: Affirmative Action and Fairness. Shelby Steele: What Is Wrong with Affirmative Action? 8. THE MEANING OF LIFE. T'ao Ch'ien: Substance, Shadow, and Spirit. The Bhagavad Gita. Leo Tolstoy: My Confession. Bertrand Russell: A Free Man's Worship. Albert Camus: The Myth of Sisyphus. Thomas Nagel: The Meaning of Life. Robert C. Solomon: The Thoughtful Love of Life. Jean-Paul Sartre: Existentialism Is Humanism. Joel Feinberg: Absurd Self-Fulfillment. Victor Frankl: The Human Search for Meaning. The Book of Job.

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