Village China at War: The Impact of Resistance to Japan, 1937-1945

Village China at War: The Impact of Resistance to Japan, 1937-1945

by Dagfinn Gatu

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Overview

This groundbreaking study on the forging of Chinese communism in the furnace of the anti-Japanese war focuses on North China, where the Chinese Communist Party first took root and later expanded to conquer China. Whilst the explosive growth of the Chinese communist movement during the war years is a fact, the nature of this expansion remains disputed. Here the author examines a set of interrelated issues that have so far not received comprehensive treatment with regard to the main communist base areas in North China – regions where the CCP secured most of its recruits and where its policy programmes were most severely tested by Japanese military campaigns.

The analysis centres on how the CCP strove to combine two objectives that it perceived as crucial to building up a sustained mass resistance movement to the Japanese: socio-economic and political restructuring in favour of the poor and the forging of a grassroots rural united front including all social strata. The author also stresses the host of severe constraints that the party’s policy ambitions ran up against, such as massive destruction of the local economy by the Japanese army, the economic burden of running the resistance, peasant ambivalence to revolutionary changes, and the shortage of trained cadres. Ultimately, the movement spread too rapidly and too widely for the party centre to exert more than a very weak or mediated vanguard function outside scattered enclaves. This in turn allowed localities an autonomous dynamic that often conflicted with higher party echelons. Nevertheless, the movement had a broad, if highly uneven, redistributive impact on power resources in the region, leading to a structural fluidity that lowered the barriers to a future revolution. History accelerated.

Product Details

ISBN-13: 9780774814584
Publisher: University of British Columbia Press
Publication date: 08/01/2008
Pages: 476
Product dimensions: 6.00(w) x 8.90(h) x 1.10(d)
Age Range: 18 Years

About the Author

Dagfinn Gatu works at Japan Women’s University in Tokyo, where he teaches politics and is researching the restructuring of village society in China during the Second World War.

Table of Contents

Abbreviations
Introduction

Part I: Intricate Patterns

1. Variable Growth
2. Social Pressures
3. Divisive Challenges

Part II: Incipient Reorganization

4. Contested Party
5. Dispersed Army
6: Government Openings

Part III: Multiple Redistribution

7. Shifting Levies
8. Conditional Exploitation
9. Structural Fluidity

Part IV: Production Trials

10. Calamitous Years
11. Compounded Toil
12. Military Weight

Conclusion
Notes
Bibliography
Index

What People are Saying About This

Maude Barlow

The French philosopher and activist, Jean Rostand, said: 'It is horrible to see everything one detested in the past coming back wearing the colours of the future.' Dorval Brunelle’s wonderful new book explains how economic globalization has erased the international consensus for justice that emerged out of the horrors of World War II and exposes this new system for the regressive force it really is.

Kari Polanyi Levitt

In this important book, Dorval Brunelle revisits the post–Second World War international order and finds that its foundational principles are as valid today as they were then. He concludes that efforts to reform international institutions cannot address the global democratic deficit, and advises civil society that the only public space within which they can effectively challenge globalization is national. This book deserves a wide international readership.

R.G. Tiedemann

Gatu’s competent approach, convincing analysis and interpretation will make a significant and much needed contribution to the literature on the Chinese Communist Revolution.

Duncan Cameron

The authoritative account of the rise of the global social justice movement by an ‘insider,’ who also happens to be one of Canada’s leading social scientists. Dorval Brunelle’s book will be of interest to political scientists, economists, sociologists, and citizens with an appetite to discover what lies behind the headlines about lost jobs, world trade talks, growing inequalities, and popular unrest in much of the world.

From the Publisher

"Gatu’s competent approach, convincing analysis and interpretation will make a significant and much needed contribution to the literature on the Chinese Communist Revolution."—R.G. Tiedemann, School of Oriental and African Studies, University of London

"The French philosopher and activist, Jean Rostand, said: 'It is horrible to see everything one detested in the past coming back wearing the colours of the future.' Dorval Brunelle’s wonderful new book explains how economic globalization has erased the international consensus for justice that emerged out of the horrors of World War II and exposes this new system for the regressive force it really is."—Maude Barlow, National Chairperson, Council of Canadians

"The authoritative account of the rise of the global social justice movement by an ‘insider,’ who also happens to be one of Canada’s leading social scientists. Dorval Brunelle’s book will be of interest to political scientists, economists, sociologists, and citizens with an appetite to discover what lies behind the headlines about lost jobs, world trade talks, growing inequalities, and popular unrest in much of the world."—Duncan Cameron, Associate Publisher of rabble.ca

"In this important book, Dorval Brunelle revisits the post–Second World War international order and finds that its foundational principles are as valid today as they were then. He concludes that efforts to reform international institutions cannot address the global democratic deficit, and advises civil society that the only public space within which they can effectively challenge globalization is national. This book deserves a wide international readership."—Kari Polanyi Levitt, Development Economist and author of Silent Surrender: The Multinational Corporation in Canada

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