As almost (or, truly, virtually) every aspect of making and viewing movies is replaced by digital technologies, even the notion of "watching a film" is fast becoming an anachronism. With the likely disappearance of celluloid film stock as a medium, and the emergence of new media competing for an audience, what will happen to cinema--and to cinema studies? In the first of two books exploring this question, D. N. Rodowick considers the fate of film and its role in the aesthetics and culture of moviemaking and viewing in the twenty-first century.
Here Rodowick proposes and examines three different critical responses to the disappearance of film in relation to other time-based media, and to the study of contemporary visual culture. Film, he suggests, occupies a special place in the genealogy of the arts of the virtual: while film disappears, cinema persists--at least in the narrative forms imagined by Hollywood since 1915. Rodowick also observes that most so-called "new media" are fashioned upon a cinematic metaphor. His book helps us see how digital technologies are serving, like television and video before them, to perpetuate the cinematic as the mature audiovisual culture of the twentieth century--and, at the same time, how they are preparing the emergence of a new audiovisual culture whose broad outlines we are only just beginning to distinguish.
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About the Author
D. N. Rodowick is Glen A. Lloyd Distinguished Service Professor at the University of Chicago.
Table of Contents
Part I: The Virtual Life of Film
2. The Incredible Shrinking Medium
3. Back to the Future
Part II: What Was Cinema?
4. Film Begets Video
5. The Death of Cinema and the Birth of Film Studies
6. A Medium in All Things
7. Automatisms and Art
8. Automatism and Photography
9. Succession and the Film Strip
10. Ways of Worldmaking
11. A World Past
12. An Ethics of Time
Part III: A New Landscape (without Image)
13. An Elegy for Film
14. The New "Media"
15. Paradoxes of Perceptual Realism
16. Real Is as Real Does
17. Lost in Translation: Analogy and Index Revisited
18. Simulation, or Automatism as Algorithm
19. An Image That Is Not "One"
20. Two Futures for Electronic Images, or What Comes after Photography?
21. The Digital Event
22. Transcoded Ontologies, or "A Guess at the Riddle"
23. Old and New, or the (Virtual) Renascence of Cinema Studies
What People are Saying About This
Calmly, intrepidly, Rodowick dives straight into the churning waters of The Virtual Life of Film. Just as cinema anchors new media, so film theory anchors these philosophical speculations that dare to imagine the digital untethered. Neither apocalyptic nor nostalgic, Rodowick appears equipoised as he explores what's behind and in front of this brave new media world.
Dudley Andrew, R. Selden Rose Professor of Film and Comparative Literature, Yale University
Lucid and forceful, D.N. Rodowick persuasively argues for the enduring relevance of film theory in an age in which film, itself, has been enhanced, extended, and transformed by new media platforms and forms. Skeptical and dialectical, this profound and graceful meditation reconsiders the photographic ontology of cinema and concepts such as "medium," "virtuality," and "automatism"—its aim not only the preservation and expansion of film studies as a humanities discipline but also a recuperation of the important philosophical questions that have been foundational for film theory. This is "must" reading for anyone interested in understanding the nature and experience of the moving image.
Vivian Sobchack, Professor of Film, Television and Digital Media, University of California, Los Angeles