Pub. Date:
Brill Academic Publishers, Inc.
Vision and Certitude in the Age of Ockham: Optics, Epistemology and the Foundation of Semantics 1250-1345

Vision and Certitude in the Age of Ockham: Optics, Epistemology and the Foundation of Semantics 1250-1345

by Katherine Tachau


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When William of Ockham lectured on Lombard’s Sentences in 1317-1319, he articulated a new theory of knowledge. Its reception by fourteenth-century scholars was, however, largely negative, for it conflicted with technical accounts of vision and with their interprations of Duns Scotus.

This study begins with Roger Bacon, a major source for later scholastics’ efforts to tie a complex of semantic and optical explanations together into an account of concept formation, truth and the acquisition of certitude. After considering the challenges of Peter Olivi and Henry of Ghent, Part I concludes with a discussion of Scotus’s epistemology. Part II explores the alternative theories of Peter Aureol and William of Ockham. Part III traces the impact of Scotus, and then of Aureol, on Oxford thought in the years of Ockham’s early audience, culminating with the views of Adam Wodeham. Part IV concerns Aureol’s intellectual legacy at Paris, the introduction of Wodeham’s thought there, and Autrecourt’s controversies.

Product Details

ISBN-13: 9789004085527
Publisher: Brill Academic Publishers, Inc.
Publication date: 08/31/2000
Series: Studien und Texte zur Geistesgeschichte des Mittelalters Series , #22
Pages: 430
Product dimensions: 6.34(w) x 9.46(h) x 1.15(d)

Table of Contents

List of Abbreviations, Sigla, and Technical Vocabulary

Part One: From Perspectivist Optics tto Intuitive Cognition: The background to Fourteenth-Century Epistomology

I. The Multiplication of Species: The Legacy of Roger Bacon
II. From the Baconian Synthesis to the Epistomology of John Duns Scotus
III. John Duns Scotus

Part Two: Interpretation and Reconception

IV. Peter Aureol
V. William of Ockham

Part Three: The Rejection of Ockham's Theory of Knowledge in England

VI.Oxford Between Scotus and Ockham
VII. The Early Reaction to Aureol and Ockham: the Views of Walter Chatton
VIII. Oxford in the 1320s
IX. Oxford in the 1330s
X. Adam Wodeham at london and Oxford

Part Four: The Introduction of English Theories of Knowledge to Paris

XI. Paris 1318-1245: The Interpreters of SCotus and Aureol
XII. Epiloguw: Adam Wodeham's First Parisian Readers

Index manuscriptorum
Index personarum et rerum

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