Visions of Unity: The Golden Pandita Shakya Chokden's New Interpretation of Yogacara and Madhyamaka

Visions of Unity: The Golden Pandita Shakya Chokden's New Interpretation of Yogacara and Madhyamaka

by Yaroslav Komarovski


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Product Details

ISBN-13: 9781438439105
Publisher: State University of New York Press
Publication date: 07/02/2012
Pages: 463
Product dimensions: 6.00(w) x 9.00(h) x 1.10(d)

About the Author

Yaroslav Komarovski is Assistant Professor of Religious Studies at the University of Nebraska–Lincoln.

Table of Contents

List of Tables ix

Acknowledgments xi

Introduction 1

1 Introducing the Visions of Unity 6

2 Introducing the Chapters 11

Chapter 1 Life and Works of the Golden Pandita 17

1 Political and Religious Landscape of Fifteenth-Century Tibet 17

2 Life of the Golden Pandita 23

Early Years and Education 25

Becoming a Prolific Writer and Famous Scholar 31

Settling in the Golden Monastery and Exploring New Horizons 35

Becoming a Tantric Master and Crystallizing Novel Views 44

3 Writings of Shakya Chokden 51

Chronological List of Shakya Chokden's Works 51

Topical Divisions of Shakya Chokden's Works Addressed in This Book 59

Chapter 2 The Intellectual Background of Shakya Chokden's Interpretation of Yogacara and Madhyamaka 71

1 Two Tendencies in Yogacara and Nihsvabhavavada Writings 71

2 Basic Elements of Shakya Chokden's Approach to Mahayana Systems 84

3 Pointed Disappointments: Shakya Chokden's Personal Reflections 91

4 Broadening Empty Horizons: A Note on Changes in Shakya Chokden's Views 102

Chapter 3 Readjusting Rungs of the Ladder: Revisiting Doxographical Hierarchies 109

1 Key Features of Shakya Chokden's Approach to the Buddhist Tenets 109

2 Demarcating the Middle: On the Valid Divisions of Madhyamaka and Great Madhyamaka 116

3 Self-Emptiness and Other-Emptiness 122

Self-Emptiness 124

Other-Emptiness 127

4 Bidding Farewell to the Prasahgika/Svatantrika Division? 136

5 Are There Two Types of Yogacara Madhyamaka? 141

6 Are There Any Cittamatra Followers Around? 145

7 Expanding the Madhyamika Camp 150

Chapter 4 Through Broken Boundaries to New Enclosures: Reconciling Yogacara and Madhyamaka 157

1 Differences between Allkakaravada and Satyakaravada 157

2 The Heart of the Matter: Probing the Allkakaravada/ Nihsvabhavavada Distinction 168

3 A New Look at the Old Origins: Distinctions of Madhyamaka Stemming from Interpretations of the Second and Third Dharmacakras 183

Looking at the Second and Third Dharmacakras through the Eyes of the Madhyamaka Founders 183

Position of Alikakaravada 186

Position of Nihsvabhavavada 191

Positions of Later Madhyamikas 201

4 Steering the Middle Way between the Two Conflicting Middle Ways: The Art of Not Taking Sides 207

Chapter 5 Explorations in Empty Lurtvinosity: Shakya Chokden's Position on Primordial Mind 213

1 Facing the Reality of Primordial Mind 213

Primordial Mind and the Question of Existence 213

The Question of Withstanding Analysis 220

Does True Existence Have to Be Negated in Order to Abandon Grasping at It? 223

2 Primordial Mind as an Impermanent Phenomenon 228

3 (Un)linking the Self-Cognizing Primordial Mind and Dualistic Consciousness 238

4 Does Self-Cognition Cognize Itself? 242

5 Primordial Mind as the Bridge between Yogacara and Tantra 249

Primordial Mind as the Focus of All Mahayana Paths 249

Different but Concordant Approaches to Primordial Mind in Alikakaravada and Tantra 252

A Powerful Ally: Using the Tantric View of Reality for Support 264

Conclusion: The Grand Unity-Shakya Chokden's Middle Way 269

Glossary of Buddhist Terms: English-Tibetan with Sanskrit Parallels 279

Spellings of Tibetan Names and Terms 299

Notes 307

Bibliography 391

Index 423

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