Vowels and Consonants: An Introduction to the Sounds of Languages

Vowels and Consonants: An Introduction to the Sounds of Languages

by Peter Ladefoged


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Product Details

ISBN-13: 9780631214113
Publisher: Wiley
Publication date: 08/15/2000
Pages: 216
Product dimensions: 6.93(w) x 9.98(h) x 0.90(d)

About the Author

Peter Ladefoged, UCLA Research Phonetician and Professor of Phonetics Emeritus, was Director of the UCLA Phonetics Laboratory from 1962 to 1991. He is author of Sounds of the World's Languages (with Ian Maddieson, Blackwell 1996), Elements of Acoustic Phonetics (second edition, 1996), and A Course in Phonetics (fourth edition, 2000).

Table of Contents



1 Sounds and Languages.

1.1 The Sounds of Language Evolve.

1.2 Language and Speech.

1.3 Describing Speech Sounds.

1.4 Summary.

2 Pitch and Loudness.

2.1 Tones.

2.2 English Intonation.

2.3 The Vocal Folds.

2.4 Loudness Differences.

2.5 Summary.

3 Vowel Contrasts.

3.1 Sets of Vowels in a Language.

3.2 English Vowels.

3.3 Summary.

4 The Sounds of Vowels.

4.1 Acoustic Structure of Vowels.

4.2 The Acoustic Vowel Space.

4.3 Sound Spectrograms.

4.4 Summary.

5 Charting Vowels.

5.1 Formants one and two.

5.2 Comparing English Vowels.

5.3 Formant three.

5.4 Summary.

6 The Sounds of Consonants.

6.1 Consonant Contrasts.

6.2 Stop Consonants.

6.3 Approximants.

6.4 Nasals.

6.5 Fricatives.

6.6 Summary.

7 Acoustic Components of Speech.

7.1 The Principal Acoustic Components.

7.2 Synthesizing Speech.

7.3 Summary.

8 Talking Computers.

8.1 How Writing must be Pronounced.

8.2 Words and Sounds in Sentences.

8.3 Synthesizing Sounds from a Phonetic Transcription.

8.4 Summary.

9 Listening Computers.

9.1 Identifying Sounds.

9.2 The Basis of Computer Speech Recognition.

9.3 Special Context Speech Recognizers.

9.4 Recognizing Running Speech.

9.5 Different Accents and Different Voices.

9.6 More for the computationally curious.

9.7 Summary.

10 Making English Consonants.

10.1 Acoustics and Articulations.

10.2 The Vocal Organs.

10.3 Places and Manners of Articulation.

10.4 Describing Consonants.

10.5 Summary.

11 Making English Vowels.

11.1 Movements of the Tongue and Lip for Vowels.

11.2 Muscles controlling the Tongue and Lip.

11.3 Traditional Descriptions of Vowels.

11.4 Summary.

12 Actions of the Larynx.

12.1 Voiced and Voiceless Sounds.

12.2 Voicing and Aspiration.

12.3 Glottal Stops.

12.4 Breathy Voice.

12.5 Creaky Voice.

12.6 Further Differences in Vocal Fold Vibrations.

12.7 Ejectives.

12.8 Implosives.

12.9 Recording Data on Larynx Actions.

12.10 Summary.

13 Consonants Around the World.

13.1 Phonetic Fieldwork.

13.2 Well Known Consonants.

13.3 More Places of Articulation.

13.4 More Manners of Articulation.

13.5 Clicks.

13.6 Summary.

14 Vowels around the World.

14.1 Types of Vowels.

14.2 Lip Rounding.

14.3 Nasalized Vowels.

14.4 Voice Quality.

14.5 Summary.

15 Putting Vowels and Consonants Together.

15.1 The Speed of Speech.

15.2 The Alphabet.

15.3 Slips of the Tongue and the Ear.

15.4 The International Phonetic Alphabet.

15.5 Contrasting Sounds.

15.6 Features that Matter within a Language.

15.7 Summary.


Further Reading.


What People are Saying About This

John Ohala

Only Peter Ladefoged, the world's leading phonetician, could produce a work like this: an authoritative and thorough introduction to phonetics written in a style that can be understood by a reader with no prior background in linguistics.
—( John Ohala, University of California, Berkeley)

Peter J. Roach

This is a radically new introduction to phonetics. The use of examples is imaginative and the book is written with infectious enthusiasm. It will change the way we introduce students to phonetics.

John Laver

This is a fascinating, accessible, and reader-friendly book by a master phonetician, about how speech sounds are made, and how they can be analyzed. Being able to hear the sounds under discussion, on the accompanying CD, is really useful. I warmly recommend the book to everyone with an interest, professional or otherwise, in spoken language.
—( John Laver, University of Edinburgh)

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