War and Human Nature

War and Human Nature

by Stephen Peter Rosen
ISBN-10:
0691130566
ISBN-13:
9780691130569
Pub. Date:
02/05/2007
Publisher:
Princeton University Press
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Overview

War and Human Nature

Why did President John F. Kennedy choose a strategy of confrontation during the Cuban missile crisis even though his secretary of defense stated that the presence of missiles in Cuba made no difference? Why did large numbers of Iraqi troops surrender during the Gulf War even though they had been ordered to fight and were capable of doing so? Why did Hitler declare war on the United States knowing full well the power of that country?

War and Human Nature argues that new findings about the way humans are shaped by their inherited biology may help provide answers to such questions. This seminal work by former Defense Department official Stephen Peter Rosen contends that human evolutionary history has affected the way we process the information we use to make decisions. The result is that human choices and calculations may be very different from those predicted by standard models of rational behavior.

This notion is particularly true in the area of war and peace, Rosen contends. Human emotional arousal affects how people learn the lessons of history. For example, stress and distress influence people's views of the future, and testosterone levels play a role in human social conflict. This thought-provoking and timely work explores the mind that has emerged from the biological sciences over the last generation. In doing so, it helps shed new light on many persistent puzzles in the study of war.

Product Details

ISBN-13: 9780691130569
Publisher: Princeton University Press
Publication date: 02/05/2007
Edition description: ANN
Pages: 224
Product dimensions: 6.10(w) x 9.20(h) x 0.60(d)

Table of Contents

Acknowledgments vii

Chapter One: Introduction 1

Chapter Two: Emotions, Memory, and Decision Making 27

Chapter Three: Status, Testosterone, and Dominance 71

Chapter Four: Stress, Distress, and War Termination 99

Chapter Five: Of Time, Testosterone, and Tyrants 135

Chapter Six: Where Do We Go from Here? 179

Notes 185

Index 205

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