Mercenaries have been with us since the dawn of civilization, yet in the modern world they are little understood. While many of today’s freelance fighters provide support for larger military establishments, others wage war where the great powers refuse to tread. In War Dog, Al Venter examines the latter world of mercenary fighters effecting decisions by themselves. In the process he unveils a remarkable array of close-quarters combat action.
Having personally visited every locale he describes throughout Africa and the Middle East, Venter is the rare correspondent who had to carry an AK-47 in his research along with his notebook and camera. To him, covering mercenary actions meant accompanying the men into the thick of combat. During Sierra Leone’s civil war, he flew in the front bubble of the government’s lone Hind gunship—piloted by the heroic chopper ace “Nellis”—as it flew daily missions to blast apart rebel positions. In this book the author not only describes the battles of the legendary South African mercenary company Executive Outcomes, he knew the founders personally and joined them on a number of actions. After stemming the tide of Jonas Savimbi’s UNITA army in Angola (an outfit many of the SA operators had previously trained), Executive Outcomes headed north to hold back vicious rebels in West Africa.
This book is not only about triumph against adversity but also losses, as Venter relates the death and subsequent cannibalistic fate of his American friend, Bob MacKenzie, in Sierra Leone. Here we see the plight of thousands of civilians fleeing from homicidal jungle warriors, as well as the professionalism of the mercenaries who fought back with one hand and attempted to train government troops with the other, in hopes that they would someday be able to stand on their own.
The American public, as well as its military, largely sidestepped the horrific conflicts that embroiled Africa during the past two decades. But as Venter informs us, there were indeed small numbers of professional fighters on the ground, defending civilians and attempting to conjure order from chaos. In the process their heroism went unrecorded and their combat skill became known only to each other.
In this book we gain an intimate glimpse of this modern breed of warrior in combat. Not laden with medals, ribbons, civic parades, or even guaranteed income, they have nevertheless fought some of the toughest battles in the post- Cold War era. They simply are, and perhaps always will be, “War Dogs.”
AL J. VENTER has been an international war correspondent for nearly thirty years, primarily for the Jane’s Information Group. He has also produced documentary television films on subjects from the wars in Africa and Afghanistan to sharkhunting off the Cape of Good Hope. Among his previous works are The Iraqi War Debrief: Why Saddam Hussein Was Toppled and Iran’s Nuclear Option: Tehran’s Quest for the Atomic Bomb. A native of South Africa, he is currently resident in the United Kingdom.
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About the Author
Table of Contents
Foreword Frederick Forsyth vii
A Thin Line
Helicopter Gunships in Sierra Leone's War 25
Neal Ellis: Jungle Warrior 49
Strike on Makeni and British Involvement 69
Combat Flights Into the Interior 93
Radio Intercepts and the Inevitable SAMs 115
The United Nations Debacle in West Africa 131
Strange Bedfellows in Mercenary Wars 155
Maelstrom in the Jungle
More Mercs-More Wars 191
Mercenaries in Bosnia, Lebanon and Elsewhere 207
Early Mercenary Activity in the Congo 241
Soldiers of Fortune During Mobutu's Rule 257
Nellis and His War Dogs in the Congo 279
Zimbabwe's Mercenaries in Congo's War 295
Biafra's War and More Foreign Intervention 321
The Rise of the Professionals
Executive Outcomes in Angola 349
How Executive Outcomes Ran Its Wars 387
The Mercenary Air War in Angola 405
Taking Angola's Diamond Fields from the Rebels 425
An American Warrior Dies in Africa 445
Executive Outcomes Moves North 461
GunshipCombat in West Africa 487
Sierra Leone's Diamond War 513
War Dogs Hit a Rebel Base in the Jungle 539
A Future for Private Military Companies 553
IPOA Code of Conduct 595
What People are Saying About This
"A disturbing insight into the ever growing world of unconventional private armies. Like it or not, Venter tells it to us the way it is."
"In this work Al Venter has delved into the real-life exploits of the War Dogs... to illuminate how the privateers have continued to conduct battle in the wake of the Colonial Age. The true stories in this work are more impressive than fiction, and in terms of Africa, this book should be on the must read list for the U.S. State Department and British Foreign Office."
Most Helpful Customer Reviews
As is so often the case, the media coverage of third world conflicts is either limited or biased in the west, if not forgotten altogether. Al Venter brings the realities of conflict in far away places back to where it belongs. Brutally honest, Al Venter writes with a passion that brings new understanding to current history with action and stories that cannot be duplicated in fiction.