ISBN-10:
0132833212
ISBN-13:
2900132833218
Pub. Date:
10/18/2012
Publisher:
Pearson
Water-Resources Engineering / Edition 3

Water-Resources Engineering / Edition 3

by David A. Chin
Current price is , Original price is $239.99. You

Temporarily Out of Stock Online

Please check back later for updated availability.

This Item is Not Available

Overview

Water-Resources Engineering provides readers with a complete picture of water resources engineering by integrating the fundamental concepts of fluid mechanics, hydraulics, hydrology, and contaminant fate and transport processes in the hydrologic cycle. The material in the book is presented from first principles, is relevant to the practice of water resources engineering, and is reinforced by detailed presentations of design applications. Containss practical design applications from the areas of hydraulics, surface water and ground water hydrology, and hydrologic fate and transport processes.

Features:

  • Contains practical design applications from the areas of hydraulics, surface water and ground water hydrology, and hydrologic fate and transport processes. Coverage of design applications reinforces the basic theory. Design methods are state-of-the-art, preparing students for engineering practice. Detailed coverage of hydraulics, hydrology, and contaminant transport in a single text provides a holistic view of water-resources engineering.
  • Presents computer models that are widely used in practice to implement the techniques discussed. It is essential that today's engineers be familiar with state-of-the-art computer models for efficient and comprehensive engineering design.
  • Presents design protocols that are consistent with ASCE, WEF, and AWWA Manuals of Practice. Codes and design standards guide most modern designs. Familiarity with these rules is essential.
  • Uses SI units throughout. To be competitive in a global environment the use of SI units is essential. The United States is moving inexorably towards the universal adoption of SI units.

Product Details

ISBN-13: 2900132833218
Publisher: Pearson
Publication date: 10/18/2012
Edition description: New Edition
Pages: 960
Product dimensions: 6.50(w) x 1.50(h) x 9.50(d)

Read an Excerpt

PREFACE:

Preface

Water-resources engineering is concerned with the design of systems that control the quantity, quality, timing, and distribution of water to support both human habitation and the needs of the environment. Water-resources engineers are typically trained in civil or environmental engineering programs and specialize in a variety of areas, including the design of water-supply systems, water and wastewater treatment facilities, irrigation and drainage systems, hydropower systems, and flood-control systems.

The technical and scientific bases for most water-resources specializations are found in the areas of fluid mechanics, hydraulics, hydrology, contaminant fate and transport processes, and water-treatment processes. Many engineering schools classify watertreatment processes as a subject that belongs to environmental engineering rather than water-resources engineering; however, a holistic view of the practice of waterresources engineering supports the study of water-treatment processes as part of both water-resources and environmental engineering specialties. The pigeonholing of fluid mechanics, hydraulics, hydrology, and contaminant fate and transport into discrete subjects, usually taught in separate courses using different textbooks, has resulted in large part from the extensive knowledge base that has developed in each of these areas and the commensurate specialization of engineers involved in research and academic practice. Engineering students are consequently left with a sense of compartmentalization and intimidation. Typically, they fail to see the complete picture of water-resources engineering and view each specialty as so vast thatmastery at the undergraduate level is impossible. To address this misperception, an integrated treatment of water-resources engineering must necessarily present the fundamental aspects of the field while providing sufficient detail for the student to feel comfortable and competent in all the areas covered. Such an integrated approach has been taken in preparing this text, resulting in a book that covers the topics most fundamental to the practicing water-resources engineer— and does so with sufficient rigor that further instruction, whether at the graduate level or in professional journals, can be assimilated at a high technical level.

A course in fluid mechanics is generally regarded as the first step in a water-resources engineering track, and criteria for accrediting civil and environmental engineering programs in the United States (ABET Engineering Criteria 2000) require at most that engineering students demonstrate a proficiency in fluid mechanics relevant to their program of study. This book covers the elements of fluid mechanics relevant to a waterresources engineering track as well as the fundamentals of fluid mechanics covered on the Fundamentals of Engineering (FE) exam. The majority of this book provides detailed treatment of hydraulics, surface-water hydrology, ground-water hydrology, and hydrologic fate and transport processes, and it features practical design applications in all of these areas. The text incorporates, and explains in detail, the design of water distribution systems, sanitary sewer systems, stormwater management systems, and water-quality control systems in rivers, lakes, ground waters, and coastal waters. Care has been taken that all the design protocols presented in this book are consistent with the relevant American Society of Civil Engineers (ASCE), Water Environment Federation (WET), and American Water Works Association (AWWA) Manuals of Practice.

The topics covered in this book constitute much of the technical background expected of water-resources engineers and part of the core requirements for environmental engineering students. This text is appropriate for undergraduate and first-year graduate courses in hydraulics, hydrology, and contaminant fate and transport processes. It also incorporates enough fluid mechanics background to rigorously cover the fundamentals of hydraulics and hydrology. Prerequisites for courses that use this text should include calculus up to differential equations.

The book begins with an introduction to water-resources engineering (Chapter 1) that orients the reader to the depth and breadth of the field. Chapter 2 covers the fundamentals of classical fluid mechanics relevant to water-resources engineering, and Chapter 3 presents the fundamentals of flow in closed conduits, including a detailed exposition on the design of water-supply systems. Chapter 4 covers flow in open channels from basic principles, including the computation of watersurface profiles and the performance of hydraulic structures. Applications of this material to the design of lined, unlined, and grassed drainage channels are presented along with the design of sanitary sewer systems. Computer models commonly used in practice to apply the principles of open-channel hydraulics are reviewed at the end of the chapter.

Many of the analytical methods used by water-resources engineers are based in the theory of probability and statistics, and Chapter 5 presents elements of probability and statistics relevant to the practice of water-resources engineering. Useful probability distributions, hydrologic data analysis, and frequency analysis are all covered, and the applications of these techniques to risk analysis in engineering design are illustrated by examples. Chapter 6 covers surface-water hydrology and focuses mostly on urban design applications. The ASCE Manuals of Practice on the design of surface-water management systems (ASCE,1992) and urban runoff quality management (ASCE, 1998) were used as bases for much of the material presented. Coverage includes the specification of design rainfall, runoff models, routing models, and water-quality models. Applications of this material to the design of both minor and major components of stormwater management systems are presented, along with computer models widely used in practice to implement these techniques in complex stormwater management systems.

Chapter 7 covers ground-water hydrology, including the basic equations of groundwater flow, analytic solutions describing flow in aquifers, saltwater intrusion, and ground-water flow in the unsaturated zone. Applications to the design of municipal wellfields and individual water-supply wells, the delineation of wellhead protection areas, the design of aquifer pumping tests, and the design of exfiltration trenches are presented. Numerical models of ground-water flow used in practice are also reviewed. Chapter 8, finally, covers hydrologic fate and transport processes, including waterquality regulations, and quantitative analyses of fate and transport processes in rivers, lakes, ground waters, and coastal waters. The applications of these analyses to the design of water-quality management systems are presented. Seven appendices at the end of the book include conversion factors between SI and U.S. Customary units, fluid properties, geometric properties of plane surfaces, statistical tables, special functions, and drinking water standards.

This book can be used in a variety of ways, depending on the needs of students and instructors. As a guideline, the material in this text could be substantially covered in a two-course sequence. The first course could cover the material in Chapters 1 through 5 (Introduction, Fundamentals of Fluid Mechanics, Flow in Closed Conduits, Flow in Open Channels, Probability and Statistics in Water-Resources Engineering); the second, Chapters 6 through 8 (Surface-Water Hydrology, Ground-Water Hydrology, Hydrologic Fate and Transport Processes). A course plan that complements other required courses in the engineering curriculum is generally recommended.

In summary, this book is a reflection of the author's belief that water-resources engineers must have a firm understanding of the depth and breadth of the technical areas fundamental to their discipline. This knowledge will allow them to be more innovative, view water-resource systems holistically, and be technically prepared for a lifetime of learning. On the basis of this vision, the material contained in this book is presented mostly from first principles, is rigorous, is relevant to the practice of water-resources engineering, and is reinforced by detailed presentations of design applications.

Even though the United States is squarely on the road to adopting International Standard (SI) units, most textbooks in hydraulics and hydrology published in this country continue to use the system of U.S. Customary units. Providing a mix of units can sometimes be confusing and usually forces the reader to adopt one set and ignore the other. Unfortunately, many engineering students tend to adopt the U.S. Customary unit system and disregard the SI system. If they are to be competitive in the future, American engineers cannot afford this luxury. Therefore, this textbook preferentially uses SI units.

Many people have contributed both directly and indirectly to the creation of this book. I acknowledge the many inspirational teachers who kindled my interest in waterresources engineering and whose philosophical ideas have contributed to development of my present view of the field. To name only a few people would be a disservice to many, but the faculty I studied under at Caltech and Georgia Tech during my graduate school days certainly deserve special recognition. My students in the civil and environmental engineering programs at the University of Miami provided valuable feedback in the development of this book, and Michael Slaughter of Addison-Wesley was a source of advice and help. I would like to join with the publisher in thanking the following reviewers for their comments and suggestions during the development of the manuscript: Mary Bergs, University of Toledo; Paul C. Chan, New Jersey Institute of Technology; Alexander Cheng, University of Delaware; Steven Chiesa, Santa Clara University; Bruce DeVantier, Southern Illinois University-Carbondale; Robert Kersten, University of Central Florida; Jay Lund, University of California, Davis; Joe Middlebrooks, University of Nevada, Reno; Paul Trotta, Northern Arizona University; and Ralph Wurbs, Texas A&M University. A special thanks to Bob Liu, who drafted most of the figures, and whose dedication to this project was beyond the call of duty.

David A. Chin

Table of Contents

Prefacexiii
1Introduction1
1.1Water-Resources Engineering1
1.2The Hydrologic Cycle3
1.3Design of Water-Resource Systems5
1.3.1Water-Control Systems6
1.3.2Water-Use Systems7
1.4About This Book7
2Fundamentals of Fluid Mechanics9
2.1Introduction9
2.2Physical Properties of Water9
2.3Fluid Statics16
2.3.1Pressure Distribution in Static Fluids16
2.3.2Pressure Measurements19
2.3.3Hydrostatic Forces on Plane Surfaces22
2.3.4Hydrostatic Forces on Curved Surfaces26
2.4Fluid Kinematics32
2.4.1Turbulence33
2.4.2Reynolds Transport Theorem34
2.5Fluid Dynamics35
2.5.1Conservation of Mass35
2.5.2Conservation of Momentum36
2.5.3Conservation of Energy51
2.6Dimensional Analysis and Similitude53
Summary59
Problems59
3Flow in Closed Conduits65
3.1Introduction65
3.2Single Pipelines65
3.2.1Continuity Equation65
3.2.2Momentum Equation67
3.2.3Energy Equation80
3.3Multiple Pipelines93
3.3.1Nodal Method94
3.3.2Loop Method97
3.4Pumps101
3.4.1Affinity Laws105
3.4.2Operating Point107
3.4.3Limits on Pump Location111
3.4.4Multiple-Pump Systems114
3.5Design of Water Distribution Systems116
3.5.1Components of a Distribution System116
3.5.2Water Demand117
3.5.3Pipelines127
3.5.4Operating Criteria for Water-Distribution Systems128
3.5.5Network Analysis132
Summary133
Problems133
4Flow in Open Channels138
4.1Introduction138
4.2Basic Principles138
4.2.1Continuity Equation139
4.2.2Momentum Equation139
4.2.3Energy Equation151
4.3Water Surface Profiles161
4.3.1Profile Equation161
4.3.2Classification of Water-Surface Profiles163
4.3.3Hydraulic Jump167
4.3.4Computation of Water-Surface Profiles170
4.4Hydraulic Structures177
4.4.1Weirs177
4.4.2Parshall Flume187
4.4.3Gates191
4.4.4Culverts196
4.5Design of Open Channels204
4.5.1Basic Principles205
4.5.2Lined Channels208
4.5.3Unlined Channels212
4.5.4Grass-Lined Channels219
4.6Design of Sanitary-Sewer Systems224
4.6.1Design Flows224
4.6.2Hydraulics of Sewers227
4.6.3Sewer-Pipe Material230
4.6.4System Layout230
4.6.5Sulfide Generation234
4.6.6Design Computations236
4.7Computer Models242
Summary243
Problems244
5Probability and Statistics in Water-Resources Engineering250
5.1Introduction250
5.2Probability Distributions251
5.2.1Discrete Probability Distributions251
5.2.2Continuous Probability Distributions252
5.2.3Mathematical Expectation and Moments253
5.2.4Return Period257
5.2.5Common Probability Functions258
5.3Analysis of Hydrologic Data279
5.3.1Estimation of Population Distribution279
5.3.2Estimation of Population Parameters285
5.3.3Frequency Analysis288
5.4Floods294
Summary295
Problems295
6Surface-Water Hydrology299
6.1Introduction299
6.2Rainfall299
6.2.1Local Rainfall300
6.2.2Spatially Averaged Rainfall310
6.2.3Design Rainfall312
6.3Rainfall Abstractions323
6.3.1Interception323
6.3.2Depression Storage325
6.3.3Infiltration326
6.3.4Rainfall Excess on Composite Areas345
6.4Runoff Models348
6.4.1Time of Concentration349
6.4.2Peak-Runoff Models359
6.4.3Continuous-Runoff Models365
6.5Routing Models387
6.5.1Hydrologic Routing387
6.5.2Hydraulic Routing394
6.6Water Quality Models396
6.6.1USGS Model397
6.6.2EPA Model399
6.7Design of Stormwater Management Systems400
6.7.1Minor System401
6.7.2Runoff Controls415
6.7.3Major System436
6.8Evapotranspiration436
6.8.1The Penman-Monteith Equation438
6.8.2Evaporation Pans447
6.9Computer Models448
Summary449
Problems450
7Ground-Water Hydrology459
7.1Introduction459
7.2Basic Equations of Ground-Water Flow464
7.2.1Darcy's Law464
7.2.2General Flow Equation476
7.2.3Two-Dimensional Approximations481
7.3Solutions of the Ground-Water Flow Equation493
7.3.1Steady Uniform Flow in a Confined Aquifer493
7.3.2Steady Uniform Flow in an Unconfined Aquifer494
7.3.3Steady Unconfined Flow Between Two Reservoirs495
7.3.4Steady Flow to a Well in a Confined Aquifer498
7.3.5Steady Flow to a Well in an Unconfined Aquifer501
7.3.6Steady Flow to a Well in a Leaky Confined Aquifer504
7.3.7Steady Flow to a Well in an Unconfined Aquifer with Recharge509
7.3.8Unsteady Flow to a Well in a Confined Aquifer511
7.3.9Unsteady Flow to a Well in an Unconfined Aquifer517
7.3.10Unsteady Flow to a Well in a Leaky Confined Aquifer519
7.3.11Partially Penetrating Wells522
7.4Principle of Superposition525
7.4.1Multiple Wells525
7.4.2Well in Uniform Flow528
7.5Method of Images530
7.5.1Constant-Head Boundary530
7.5.2Impermeable Boundary533
7.5.3Other Applications536
7.6Saltwater Intrusion536
7.7Ground-Water Flow in the Unsaturated Zone541
7.8Engineered Systems545
7.8.1Design of Wellfields545
7.8.2Design of Water-Supply Wells547
7.8.3Wellhead Protection559
7.8.4Design of Aquifer Pumping Tests563
7.8.5Slug Test568
7.8.6Design of Exfiltration Trenches572
7.9Computer Models576
Summary577
Problems578
8Hydrologic Fate and Transport Processes585
8.1Introduction585
8.2Water Quality585
8.2.1Measures of Water Quality586
8.2.2Water-Quality Standards593
8.3Fate and Transport Processes597
8.4Rivers and Streams601
8.4.1Initial Mixing602
8.4.2Longitudinal Dispersion608
8.4.3Spills611
8.4.4Oxygen-Sag Model618
8.5Lakes627
8.5.1Near-Shore Mixing Model628
8.5.2Eutrophication630
8.5.3Thermal Stratification634
8.5.4Completely Mixed Model635
8.6Ocean Discharges639
8.6.1Near-Field Mixing640
8.6.2Far-Field Mixing648
8.7Ground Water653
8.7.1Dispersion Models655
8.7.2Transport Processes661
8.7.3Fate Processes668
8.7.4Nonaqueous-Phase Liquids676
8.8Computer Models678
Summary680
Problems681
Appendices
AUnits and Conversion Factors687
A.1Units687
A.2Conversion Factors688
BFluid Properties691
B.1Water691
B.2Organic Compounds Found in Contaminated Water692
CGeometric Properties of Plane Surfaces693
DStatistical Tables695
D.1Areas Under Standard Normal Curve695
D.2Critical Values of the Chi-Square Distribution697
D.3Critical Values for the Kolmogorov-Smirnov Test Statistic698
ESpecial Functions699
E.1Error Function699
E.2Gamma Function700
FBessel Functions701
F.1Definition701
F.2Evaluation of Bessel Functions701
F.2.1Bessel Function of the First Kind of Order n702
F.2.2Bessel Function of the Second Kind of Order n702
F.2.3Modified Bessel Function of the First Kind of Order n702
F.2.4Modified Bessel Function of the Second Kind of Order n702
F.3Tabulated Bessel Functions703
F.3.1I[subscript 0](x), K[subscript 0](x), I[subscript 1](x), and K[subscript 1](x)703
GDrinking-Water Standards707
G.1Primary Drinking-Water Standards707
G.2Secondary Drinking-Water Standards709
Bibliography711
Index733

Preface

PREFACE:

Preface

Water-resources engineering is concerned with the design of systems that control the quantity, quality, timing, and distribution of water to support both human habitation and the needs of the environment. Water-resources engineers are typically trained in civil or environmental engineering programs and specialize in a variety of areas, including the design of water-supply systems, water and wastewater treatment facilities, irrigation and drainage systems, hydropower systems, and flood-control systems.

The technical and scientific bases for most water-resources specializations are found in the areas of fluid mechanics, hydraulics, hydrology, contaminant fate and transport processes, and water-treatment processes. Many engineering schools classify watertreatment processes as a subject that belongs to environmental engineering rather than water-resources engineering; however, a holistic view of the practice of waterresources engineering supports the study of water-treatment processes as part of both water-resources and environmental engineering specialties. The pigeonholing of fluid mechanics, hydraulics, hydrology, and contaminant fate and transport into discrete subjects, usually taught in separate courses using different textbooks, has resulted in large part from the extensive knowledge base that has developed in each of these areas and the commensurate specialization of engineers involved in research and academic practice. Engineering students are consequently left with a sense of compartmentalization and intimidation. Typically, they fail to see the complete picture of water-resources engineering and view each specialty as so vastthatmastery at the undergraduate level is impossible. To address this misperception, an integrated treatment of water-resources engineering must necessarily present the fundamental aspects of the field while providing sufficient detail for the student to feel comfortable and competent in all the areas covered. Such an integrated approach has been taken in preparing this text, resulting in a book that covers the topics most fundamental to the practicing water-resources engineer— and does so with sufficient rigor that further instruction, whether at the graduate level or in professional journals, can be assimilated at a high technical level.

A course in fluid mechanics is generally regarded as the first step in a water-resources engineering track, and criteria for accrediting civil and environmental engineering programs in the United States (ABET Engineering Criteria 2000) require at most that engineering students demonstrate a proficiency in fluid mechanics relevant to their program of study. This book covers the elements of fluid mechanics relevant to a waterresources engineering track as well as the fundamentals of fluid mechanics covered on the Fundamentals of Engineering (FE) exam. The majority of this book provides detailed treatment of hydraulics, surface-water hydrology, ground-water hydrology, and hydrologic fate and transport processes, and it features practical design applications in all of these areas. The text incorporates, and explains in detail, the design of water distribution systems, sanitary sewer systems, stormwater management systems, and water-quality control systems in rivers, lakes, ground waters, and coastal waters. Care has been taken that all the design protocols presented in this book are consistent with the relevant American Society of Civil Engineers (ASCE), Water Environment Federation (WET), and American Water Works Association (AWWA) Manuals of Practice.

The topics covered in this book constitute much of the technical background expected of water-resources engineers and part of the core requirements for environmental engineering students. This text is appropriate for undergraduate and first-year graduate courses in hydraulics, hydrology, and contaminant fate and transport processes. It also incorporates enough fluid mechanics background to rigorously cover the fundamentals of hydraulics and hydrology. Prerequisites for courses that use this text should include calculus up to differential equations.

The book begins with an introduction to water-resources engineering (Chapter 1) that orients the reader to the depth and breadth of the field. Chapter 2 covers the fundamentals of classical fluid mechanics relevant to water-resources engineering, and Chapter 3 presents the fundamentals of flow in closed conduits, including a detailed exposition on the design of water-supply systems. Chapter 4 covers flow in open channels from basic principles, including the computation of watersurface profiles and the performance of hydraulic structures. Applications of this material to the design of lined, unlined, and grassed drainage channels are presented along with the design of sanitary sewer systems. Computer models commonly used in practice to apply the principles of open-channel hydraulics are reviewed at the end of the chapter.

Many of the analytical methods used by water-resources engineers are based in the theory of probability and statistics, and Chapter 5 presents elements of probability and statistics relevant to the practice of water-resources engineering. Useful probability distributions, hydrologic data analysis, and frequency analysis are all covered, and the applications of these techniques to risk analysis in engineering design are illustrated by examples. Chapter 6 covers surface-water hydrology and focuses mostly on urban design applications. The ASCE Manuals of Practice on the design of surface-water management systems (ASCE,1992) and urban runoff quality management (ASCE, 1998) were used as bases for much of the material presented. Coverage includes the specification of design rainfall, runoff models, routing models, and water-quality models. Applications of this material to the design of both minor and major components of stormwater management systems are presented, along with computer models widely used in practice to implement these techniques in complex stormwater management systems.

Chapter 7 covers ground-water hydrology, including the basic equations of groundwater flow, analytic solutions describing flow in aquifers, saltwater intrusion, and ground-water flow in the unsaturated zone. Applications to the design of municipal wellfields and individual water-supply wells, the delineation of wellhead protection areas, the design of aquifer pumping tests, and the design of exfiltration trenches are presented. Numerical models of ground-water flow used in practice are also reviewed. Chapter 8, finally, covers hydrologic fate and transport processes, including waterquality regulations, and quantitative analyses of fate and transport processes in rivers, lakes, ground waters, and coastal waters. The applications of these analyses to the design of water-quality management systems are presented. Seven appendices at the end of the book include conversion factors between SI and U.S. Customary units, fluid properties, geometric properties of plane surfaces, statistical tables, special functions, and drinking water standards.

This book can be used in a variety of ways, depending on the needs of students and instructors. As a guideline, the material in this text could be substantially covered in a two-course sequence. The first course could cover the material in Chapters 1 through 5 (Introduction, Fundamentals of Fluid Mechanics, Flow in Closed Conduits, Flow in Open Channels, Probability and Statistics in Water-Resources Engineering); the second, Chapters 6 through 8 (Surface-Water Hydrology, Ground-Water Hydrology, Hydrologic Fate and Transport Processes). A course plan that complements other required courses in the engineering curriculum is generally recommended.

In summary, this book is a reflection of the author's belief that water-resources engineers must have a firm understanding of the depth and breadth of the technical areas fundamental to their discipline. This knowledge will allow them to be more innovative, view water-resource systems holistically, and be technically prepared for a lifetime of learning. On the basis of this vision, the material contained in this book is presented mostly from first principles, is rigorous, is relevant to the practice of water-resources engineering, and is reinforced by detailed presentations of design applications.

Even though the United States is squarely on the road to adopting International Standard (SI) units, most textbooks in hydraulics and hydrology published in this country continue to use the system of U.S. Customary units. Providing a mix of units can sometimes be confusing and usually forces the reader to adopt one set and ignore the other. Unfortunately, many engineering students tend to adopt the U.S. Customary unit system and disregard the SI system. If they are to be competitive in the future, American engineers cannot afford this luxury. Therefore, this textbook preferentially uses SI units.

Many people have contributed both directly and indirectly to the creation of this book. I acknowledge the many inspirational teachers who kindled my interest in waterresources engineering and whose philosophical ideas have contributed to development of my present view of the field. To name only a few people would be a disservice to many, but the faculty I studied under at Caltech and Georgia Tech during my graduate school days certainly deserve special recognition. My students in the civil and environmental engineering programs at the University of Miami provided valuable feedback in the development of this book, and Michael Slaughter of Addison-Wesley was a source of advice and help. I would like to join with the publisher in thanking the following reviewers for their comments and suggestions during the development of the manuscript: Mary Bergs, University of Toledo; Paul C. Chan, New Jersey Institute of Technology; Alexander Cheng, University of Delaware; Steven Chiesa, Santa Clara University; Bruce DeVantier, Southern Illinois University-Carbondale; Robert Kersten, University of Central Florida; Jay Lund, University of California, Davis; Joe Middlebrooks, University of Nevada, Reno; Paul Trotta, Northern Arizona University; and Ralph Wurbs, Texas A&M University. A special thanks to Bob Liu, who drafted most of the figures, and whose dedication to this project was beyond the call of duty.

David A. Chin

Customer Reviews

Most Helpful Customer Reviews

See All Customer Reviews