Weapons of Mass Destruction, What You Should Know: A Citizen's Guide to Biological, Chemical, and Nuclear Agents and Weapons

Weapons of Mass Destruction, What You Should Know: A Citizen's Guide to Biological, Chemical, and Nuclear Agents and Weapons

by Gladson I. Nwanna (Editor)

Hardcover

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Product Details

ISBN-13: 9781890605254
Publisher: Frontline Publishers, Inc.
Publication date: 04/28/2004
Pages: 312
Product dimensions: 6.48(w) x 9.30(h) x 1.09(d)

Table of Contents

Chapter 1Introduction1
Introduction1
Challenges/Future2
The Role of Government2
Chapter 2Biological, Chemical and Nuclear Weapons: A Military Perspective3
Introduction3
Biological Weapons3
Biological weapons Technology3
History of Biological Weapons & Recent Developments5
Biological Material Production8
Stabilization, Dissemination and Dispersion9
Detection, Warning and Identification11
Biological Defense Systems11
Chemical Weapons12
Chemical Weapons Technology12
Chemical Material Production16
Chemical Weapons Delivery19
Dissemination, Dispersion and Weapons Testing20
Detection, Warning and Identification21
Chemical Defense System22
Radiological & Nuclear Weapons22
Introduction22
Nuclear Weapons Technology23
Testing of Nuclear Weapons25
International Regimes, Treaties, Protocols & Conventions26
Chapter 3Terrorism33
About Terrorism, Prior to September 11, 200133
Terrorism in the United States34
Dealing with Terrorism (before, during and after)34
Chapter 4Responding to Biological & Chemical Attacks39
Introduction39
The Threat39
Warning Signs of an Attack or Incident40
What to Do in the Case of Attack41
Preparing a Safehaven41
Choosing a Safehaven42
Suggested Safehaven Equipment42
Chapter 5Biological Diseases/Biological Warefare Agents43
Anthrax43
Botulism61
Plague63
Smallpox71
Tularemia79
Ricin (See Chapter 6)166
Rift Valley Fever81
Q-Fever83
Brucellosis85
Viral Hemorrhagic Fevers87
Arenaviruses90
Filoviruses92
Lassa Fever93
Ebola Hemorrhagic Fever95
Marburg Hemorrhagic Fever98
Hantavirus Pulmonary Syndrome100
Lymphocytic choriomenigitis104
Glanders106
Melioidosis108
Psittacosis110
Typhus Fevers110
Viral Encephalitis111
Eastern Equine Encephalitis111
Western Equine Encephalitis112
Hendra Virus Disease and Nipah
Virus Encephalitis112
Tick-Borne Encephalitis114
Typhoid Fever115
Shigellosis117
Foodborne Illneses121
Salmonellosis131
Cholera135
Chapter 6Chemical Agents/Chemical Warfare Agents137
Nerve Agents137
Soman (GD)139
Tabun (GA)141
Sarin (GB)144
VX146
Blister or Vesicant Agents148
Lewisite (L)148
Nitrogen Mustards (HN-1, HN-2, HN-3)152
Sulfur Mustard (Yperite)-Mustard Gas (HD)153
Phosgene Oxime (CX)155
Choking/Lung/Pulmonary Agents157
Phosgene (CG)157
Chlorine (CL)158
Phosphine160
White Phosphorus161
Biotoxins163
Abrin163
Ricin166
Strychnine168
Blood Agents171
Arsine (SA)171
Cyanide172
Metals176
Arsenic176
Mercury177
Thallium179
Organic Solvents181
Benzene181
Riot Control Agents183
Other Chemical Agents186
Ethylene Glycol and Propylene Glycol186
Fluoride, Hydrogen Fluoride, and Fluorine187
Ammonia187
Paraquat191
Sodium Azide194
Personal Cleaning and Disposal of Contaminated Clothing198
Evacuation199
Sheltering in Place During A Chemical Disaster/Attack200
What "sheltering in place" means200
How to prepare to shelter in place200
What to do201
Chapter 7Radiological/Nuclear Accidents & Exposure203
Radiation203
Radiation & Health Affects203
Protecting & Minimizing Against Radiation Exposure203
Health Effects of Radiation Exposure on Unborne Babies205
Other Risks from Radiation Exposure205
Radiological accidents & Emergencies (Before, During & After)206
Nuclear Terrorism & Health Effects208
Nuclear Power Plant Emergency208
Preparing For an Emergency209
Emergency Classification levels210
If You are Alerted211
Sheltering in Place During a Radiation Emergency214
Preparing Emergency Supplies215
Tips Before Entering a Shelter217
Dirty Bombs217
Acute Radiation Syndrome219
Potassium Iodide220
Prussian Blue222
Chapter 8References & Sources for Additional Information225
Glossary & Definitions229
Appendixes240
Appendix AThe Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC)240
Appendix BFederal Emergency Management Agency (FEMA)243
Appendix CRadioactive Isotopes (Radioisotopes)250
Americium - 241 (Am-241)251
Celsium-137 (Cs-137)251
Cobalt-60 (C0-60)254
Iodine (I-129 & I-131)258
Plutonium-239 (Pu-239)262
Strontium-90 (Sr-90)267
Uranium-235 (U-235) and Uranium-238 (U-238)271
Appendix DTables & Charts276
Table 1Australian Group Biological Agents276
Table 2Biological Warfare Agents (Partial List)278
Table 3Bioterrorism: Selected Agent Summary279
Table 4Biological Weapons Foreign Technology Assessment Summary280
Table 5Biological Material Production Technology Parameters281
Table 6Chemical Warfare Agents282
Table 7Chemical Weapons Conventions Schedule of Chemicals284
Table 8Chemical Weapons Foreign Technology Assessment Summary285
Table 9Nuclear Weapons Foreign Technology Assessment Summary287
Table 10Selected Regime Participants288

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