The West: A Narrative History, Combined Volume / Edition 2

The West: A Narrative History, Combined Volume / Edition 2

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The West: A Narrative History, Combined Volume / Edition 2

The West: a Narrative History is a unique text in its field, as it was conceived and developed as a brief introduction to the history of the West. It is not a reduced version of a larger study, but a fully realized project in its own right. It defines the West in its broadest terms, encompassing all of the varied cultures that trace at least some of their ancestry to the ancient Mediterranean world. In addition, it consistently reminds its readers of the links between the people who have come to define the West and those in other regions of the world.

Product Details

ISBN-13: 9780136056348
Publisher: Pearson
Publication date: 08/28/2008
Series: MyHistoryLab Series
Edition description: Combined
Pages: 848
Product dimensions: 6.30(w) x 9.20(h) x 0.90(d)

About the Author

A. Daniel Frankforter is Professor of History at the Pennsylvania State University, where he has taught for nearly four decades. His undergraduate work was in the history of ideas and philosophy at Franklin and Marshall College. He earned a Master of Divinity degree from Drew University, did graduate work at Columbia University and the University of Göttingen and completed master’s and doctoral degrees in medieval history and religious studies at Penn State. His research has focused on the medieval English Church and on the evolving role of European women throughout the medieval period. Articles on these topics have appeared in such journals as Manuscripta, Church History, The British Studies Monitor, The Catholic Historical Review, The American Benedictine Review, The International Journal of Women’s Studies, and The Journal of Women’s History. His books include: A History of the Christian Movement: An Essay on the Development of Christian Institutions, Civilization and Survival, The Shakespeare Name Dictionary (with J. Madison Davis), The Medieval Millennium: An Introduction, The Western Heritage, Brief Edition (with Donald Kagan, Stephen Ozment, and Frank Turner), The Heritage of World Civilizations, brief third edition (with Albert Craig, William Graham, Donald Kagan, Stephen Ozment, and Frank Turner), an edition and translation of Poullain de la Barre’s De L’Égalité des deux Sexes, and Stones for Bread: A Critique of Contemporary Worship. Over the course of his career he has developed 15 courses dealing with aspects of the ancient and medieval periods of Western civilization, Judeo-Christian studies, and gender issues. His work in the classroom has been acknowledged by the Penn State Behrend Excellence in Teaching Award and the prestigious Amoco Foundation Award for Excellence in Teaching Performance.

William M. Spellman is the Dean of Humanities at the University of North Carolina, Asheville. He is a graduate of Suffolk University, Boston, and holds the Ph.D. from the Maxwell School of Citizenship and Public Affairs at Syracuse University. He is the author of John Locke and the Problem of Depravity (Oxford, 1988); The Latitudinarians and the Church of England, 1660-1700 (Georgia, 1993); John Locke (Macmillan, 1995); European Political Thought, 1600-1700 (Macmillan, 1997); Monarchies, 1000-2000 (Reaktion Press, 2000); Extraordinary Women of the Medieval and Renaissance World (Greenwood Press, 2000) co-authored with Carole Levin, et. al.; The Global Community: Migration and the Making of the Modern World, 1500-2000 (Sutton, 2002); A Concise History of the World Since 1945 (Palgrave, 2006); and Migration and the Nation State (Reaktion Press, forthcoming).

Table of Contents

Table of Contents



Chapter 1: The Birth of Civilization

Larger Issue: How do environments shape human communities and human communities alter environments?

The Evolution of the Prehistoric Cultures

The Archaic States

The Origin of Civilization in Mesopotamia: Sumer

The Rise of Civilization in Egypt

Chapter 2: The Rise of Empires and the Beginning of the Iron Age

Larger Issue: Does civilization promote or intensify divisions among peoples?

The Transition States

Imperial Egypt: The New Kingdom

The Indo-Europeans and the Clash of Empires

The Bible and History


Chapter 3: Aegean Civilizations

Larger Issue: When does civilization in the West become “Western” civilization?

Minoan Mentors

The Mycenaeans, Greece’s First Civilization

The Aegean Dark Age

The Hellenic Era

The Rise of the Mainland Powers

The Persian Wars: Crucible of a Civilization

Chapter 4: The Hellenic Era

Larger Issue: What did the Greeks contribute to the development of modern civilization?

Persian Wars as Catalyst

The Peloponnesian War

Intellectual and Artistic Life in the Polis

Chapter 5: The Hellenistic Era and the Rise of Rome

Larger Issue: What circumstances are likely to undermine governments by the people?

The Hellenistic Era

The Origin of Rome

The Roman Republic

Rome’s Civil War

Chapter 6: Rome’s Empire and the Unification of the Western World

Larger Issue: Do people prefer order to liberty?

The Augustan Era

Order and Continuity: The Dynastic Option

Order and Continuity: The Elective Option

Life in an Imperial Environment

The Decline of Rome


Chapter 7: The West’s Medieval Civilizations

Larger Issue: Should freedom of religion be limited?

The Christian Element

The German Element

The Byzantine Empire of Constantinople


Chapter 8: The Emergence of Europe

Larger Issue: How did Europe build on its legacies from the ancient world?

The Merovingian Kingdom: Europe’s Nucleus

The Franks’ Neighbors

The Carolingian Era

Retrenchment and Reorganization

The Culture of Europe’s Dark Age

Chapter 9: Europe Turns Outward

Larger Issue: Was conflict among the medieval civilizations inevitable?

Islam’s Crest and Byzantium’s Resurgence

The Reorganization of Feudal Europe

The Eleventh-Century Turning Point

Chapter 10: Europe’s High Middle Ages

Larger Issue: Why are some societies more open to change than others?

The Renaissance of the Twelfth Century

Universities and Scholasticism

Religious Revival and Diversity of Opinion

The Artistic Vision of the High Middle Ages

Government in the High Middle Ages


Chapter 11: Challenges to the Medieval Order

Larger Issue: What did the crises of the late medieval era reveal about the strengths and weaknesses of Europe’s civilization?

Challenges from Nature

Turmoil in the Middle East

Spiritual Crises

Political Responses: The Burdens of War

Chapter 12: Renaissance and Exploration

Larger Issue: How should a society use its history?

The Context for the Renaissance

The Culture of the Renaissance

The Northern Renaissance

The Middle East: The Ottoman Empire

Europe and Atlantic Exploration

Chapter 13: Reformation, Religious Wars, and National Conflicts

Larger Issue: How do civilized societies justify war?

The Lutheran Reformation

The Swiss Reformation

The Catholic Reformation

The Habsburg-Valois Wars

England’s Ambivalent Reformation

Convergence of Foreign and Domestic Politics: England, Spain, and France

The Final Religious Upheaval


Chapter 14: The Early Modern State

Larger Issue: How do political systems reflect the structure of social and economic life?

Society in Early Modern Europe

Forging Centralized States

Absolutism in France

Constitutionalism in England

Wars of Empire and Global Markets

Central and Eastern Europe

Europe’s Declining Powers

Chapter 15: New World Views: Europe’s Scientific Revolution

Larger Issue: How does the study of the natural world influence religious belief and the understanding of truth?

The Medieval World View

Anticipating the New Science

New Directions in Astronomy and Physics

New Approaches to Truth

Theory and Application

Politics as Science

Science as Religion

Superstition and Its Victims

Chapter 16: The Age of Enlightenment: Rationalism and its Uses

Larger Issue: How do people construct ideas of progress?

Critiquing the Traditional Way of Life

Formulas for Improving Material Conditions

Enlightened Despots

Critiquing the Enlightenment

The Arts in the Age of Reason

Chapter 17: Rebellion and Revolution: American Independence and the French Revolution

Larger Issue: Can political change occur without social and economic upheaval?

America Rejects Europe

Revolution in France

Napoleon Bonaparte and the Export of Revolution, 1799–1815

The French Revolution and the Americas


Chapter 18: Industry, Society, and Environment

Larger Issue: How do technology and urbanization influences the relationship between humans and nature?

From Rural to Urban Lifestyles in Europe

Agriculture, Demographics, and Labor

Innovations in Production

The Social Consequences of Industrialization

Industry, the State, and Global Power

Chapter 19: The Age of Ideology in Western Europe

Larger Issue: What leads people to challenge conventional ideas and practices?

The Congress System and the Conservative Agenda

Ideological Ferment

The Revolutions of 1848

Britain and Reform

The Romantic Movement

Utilitarianism and Utopian Socialism

The Marxist Challenge

Chapter 20: The Consolidation of Nation States

Larger Issue: Is nationalism a constructive force in the modern age?

Italian Unification

The Creation of Modern Germany

Constitutional Change in France and Britain

The Waning of the Habsburg, Russian, and Ottoman Empires

The United States and Western Europe

Nationalism and Race

Chapter 21: Global Empire and European Culture

Larger Issue: How does the projection of power reflect wider cultural values?

The New Imperialism: Motives and Methods

The Scramble for Empire: Africa

The Scramble for Empire: South and East Asia

The Legacy of Empire

Imperialism, Intellectual Controversy, and European Culture

Transformation in the Arts


Chapter 22: World War I: The End of Enlightenment

Larger Issue: Are nation states inherently adversarial?

The Alliance System

The Experience of Modern Warfare

The Eastern Front and Europe’s Empire

Naval War and American Entry

The Impact of Total War at Home

Bolshevik Revolution in Russia

Peace Settlement and European Consciousness

Chapter 23: The Troubled Interwar Years

Larger Issue: Can personal liberty be maintained under conditions of material hardship?

Postwar Problems in Western Europe

The Price of Victory

The Great Depression, 1929–1939

Coping with the Depression

Italy: The First Fascist State

Authoritarian Regimes in Spain and Eastern Europe

The Emergence of Nazi Germany

Imperial Japan

The Soviet Union under Stalin

Chapter 24: World War II: Europe in Eclipse

Larger Issue: Can the force of ideas sustain a civilization under attack?

The Process of Appeasement, 1933–1939

Nazism Triumphant, 1939–1941: Europe and North Africa

The German Empire

The Destruction of the Jews

The Home Front and the Role of Women

War in Asia and the Pacific

The Tide Turns, 1942–1945

Planning for the Postwar World


Chapter 25: Decolonization and the Cold War

Larger Issue: How does ideology shape public policy?

The Eclipse of Postwar Optimism

The End of European Empire

Expanding the Cold War

The Cold War and Nuclear Threat

Cuban Missile Crisis

Divisions and Detente

Chapter 26: Western Civilization and the Global Community

Larger Issue: Has the West defined the process of globalization?

The End of Communism

United Europe?

Science, Technology and the Envirnoment

Women and the Struggle for Equality

Religious Divides and Ethnic Nationalism

The Postindustrial West

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