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West: A Narrative History, Volume 1: To 1600 / Edition 2

West: A Narrative History, Volume 1: To 1600 / Edition 2

by A. Daniel Frankforter


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Product Details

ISBN-13: 2900136058204
Publisher: Pearson
Publication date: 07/29/2008
Edition description: Older Edition
Pages: 464
Product dimensions: 6.00(w) x 1.25(h) x 9.00(d)

About the Author

A. Daniel Frankforter is Professor of History at the Pennsylvania State University, where he has taught for nearly four decades. His undergraduate work was in the history of ideas and philosophy at Franklin and Marshall College. He earned a Master of Divinity degree from Drew University, did graduate work at Columbia University and the University of Göttingen and completed master’s and doctoral degrees in medieval history and religious studies at Penn State. His research has focused on the medieval English Church and on the evolving role of European women throughout the medieval period. Articles on these topics have appeared in such journals as Manuscripta, Church History, The British Studies Monitor, The Catholic Historical Review, The American Benedictine Review, The International Journal of Women’s Studies, and The Journal of Women’s History. His books include: A History of the Christian Movement: An Essay on the Development of Christian Institutions, Civilization and Survival, The Shakespeare Name Dictionary (with J. Madison Davis), The Medieval Millennium: An Introduction, The Western Heritage, Brief Edition (with Donald Kagan, Stephen Ozment, and Frank Turner), The Heritage of World Civilizations, brief third edition (with Albert Craig, William Graham, Donald Kagan, Stephen Ozment, and Frank Turner), an edition and translation of Poullain de la Barre’s De L’Égalité des deux Sexes, and Stones for Bread: A Critique of Contemporary Worship. Over the course of his career he has developed 15 courses dealing with aspects of the ancient and medieval periods of Western civilization, Judeo-Christian studies, and gender issues. His work in the classroom has been acknowledged by the Penn State Behrend Excellence in Teaching Award and the prestigious Amoco Foundation Award for Excellence in Teaching Performance.

William M. Spellman is the Dean of Humanities at the University of North Carolina, Asheville. He is a graduate of Suffolk University, Boston, and holds the Ph.D. from the Maxwell School of Citizenship and Public Affairs at Syracuse University. He is the author of John Locke and the Problem of Depravity (Oxford, 1988); The Latitudinarians and the Church of England, 1660-1700 (Georgia, 1993); John Locke (Macmillan, 1995); European Political Thought, 1600-1700 (Macmillan, 1997); Monarchies, 1000-2000 (Reaktion Press, 2000); Extraordinary Women of the Medieval and Renaissance World (Greenwood Press, 2000) co-authored with Carole Levin, et. al.; The Global Community: Migration and the Making of the Modern World, 1500-2000 (Sutton, 2002); A Concise History of the World Since 1945 (Palgrave, 2006); and Migration and the Nation State (Reaktion Press, forthcoming).

Table of Contents

Maps     x
Key Questions     xi
Preface     xii
Acknowledgments     xx
Notes on Dates and Spelling     xxii
About the Authors     xxv
Introduction     xxvi
Departure     2
The Birth of Civilization     4
Key/Question: How do environments shape human communities and human communities alter environments?     4
The Evolution of Prehistoric Cultures     6
People in Context The Iceman     10
The Archaic States     13
The Origin of Civilization in Mesopotamia: Sumer     14
The Rise of Civilization in Egypt     23
The Rise of Empires and the Beginning of the Iron Age     32
Key/Question: Does civilization promote unity or intensify divisions among peoples?     32
The Transition States     34
Imperial Egypt: The New Kingdom (1550-1075 B.C.E., Dynasties XVIII-XX)     38
People in Context King "Tut"     42
The Indo-Europeans and the Clash of Empires     45
The Bible and History     51
The Classical Era 2000 B.C.E. to 30 C.E.     60
Aegean Civilizations     62
Key/Question: When does civilization in the West become "Western"civilization?     62
Minoan Mentors     64
The Mycenaeans, Greece's First Civilization     67
The Aegean Dark Age     70
The Hellenic Era     72
People in Context Hesiod, The Uncommon Common Man     74
The Rise of the Mainland Powers     79
The Persian Wars: Crucible of a Civilization     84
The Hellenic Era     90
Key/Question: What did the Greeks contribute to the development of modern civilization?     90
Persian Wars as Catalyst     92
The Peloponnesian War     94
People in Context Aspasia, the Woman Behind the Great Man     96
Intellectual and Artistic Life in the Polis     101
The Hellenistic Era and the Rise of Rome     118
Key/Question: What circumstances are likely to undermine governments by the people?     118
The Hellenistic Era     120
The Origin of Rome     129
The Roman Republic     132
Rome's Civil War     139
People in Context Cornelia, Mother of the Gracchi     140
Rome's Empire and the Unification of the Western World     148
Key/Question: Do people prefer order to liberty?     148
The Augustan Era     150
Order and Continuity: The Dynastic Option     159
Order and Continuity: The Elective Option     163
People in Context The Imperial Aristocracy: Pliny the Elder and Pliny the Younger     164
Life in an Imperial Environment     169
The Decline of Rome     172
The Division of the West 300 to 1300     178
The West's Medieval Civilizations     180
Key/Question: Should freedom of religion be limited?     180
The Christian Element     182
The German Element     189
The Byzantine Empire of Constantinople     193
Islam     197
People in Context A'isha (614-678), Wife of the Prophet     200
The Emergence of Europe     208
Key/Question: How did Europe build on its legacies from the ancient world?     208
The Merovingian Kingdom: Europe's Nucleus     210
The Franks' Neighbors     213
People in Context Brunhild (d. 613) and Fredegund (d. 597): Powers Behind the Throne     216
The Carolingian Era     217
Retrenchment and Reorganization     225
The Culture of Europe's Dark Age     231
Europe Turns Outward     236
Key/Question: Was conflict among the medieval civilizations inevitable?      236
Islam's Crest and Byzantium's Resurgence     238
The Reorganization of Europe     242
People in Context Hroswitha of Gandersheim (fl. 935-1002)     252
The Eleventh-Century Turning Point     254
Europe's High Middle Ages     266
Key/Question: Why are some societies more open to change than others?     266
The Renaissance of the Twelfth Century     268
Universities and Scholasticism     271
Religious Revival and Diversity of Opinion     274
People in Context William IX, Duke of Aquitaine and Count of Poitou (1071-1127)     276
The Artistic Vision of the High Middle Ages     278
The Nation-States of the High Middle Ages     283
Challenges, Conflicts, and Departures     292
Challenges to the Medieval Order     294
Key/Question: What did the crises of the late medieval era reveal about the strengths and weaknesses of Europe's civilization?     294
Challenges from Nature     296
Turmoil in the Middle East     300
Spiritual Crises     305
Political Responses: The Burdens of War     312
People in Context Christine de Pizan (c. 1364-1430), Professional Writer     316
Renaissance and Exploration     322
Key/Question: How should a society use its history?     322
The Context for the Renaissance     324
The Culture of the Renaissance     329
People in Context Elisabetta Gonzaga (1472-1526)     334
The Northern Renaissance     338
The Middle East: The Ottoman Empire     341
Europe and Atlantic Exploration     346
Reformation, Religious Wars, and National Conflicts     354
Key/Question: How do civilized societies justify war?     354
The Lutheran Reformation     356
The Swiss Reformation     361
The Catholic Reformation     365
The Habsburg-Valois Wars     368
England's Ambivalent Reformation     369
Convergence of Foreign and Domestic Politics: England, Spain, and France     372
The Final Religious Upheavals     377
People in Context William Shakespeare (1564-1616)     378
Glossary     388
Photo Credits     394
Suggested Resources     396
Index     404
DVD Table of Contents     421

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