ISBN-10:
1305633466
ISBN-13:
9781305633469
Pub. Date:
01/01/2016
Publisher:
Cengage Learning
Western Civilization: A Brief History / Edition 9

Western Civilization: A Brief History / Edition 9

by Jackson J. Spielvogel

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Product Details

ISBN-13: 9781305633469
Publisher: Cengage Learning
Publication date: 01/01/2016
Series: MindTap Course List Series
Edition description: New Edition
Sales rank: 789,264
Product dimensions: 8.00(w) x 9.90(h) x 1.10(d)

About the Author


Jackson J. Spielvogel is Associate Professor Emeritus of History at The Pennsylvania State University. He received his Ph.D. from The Ohio State University, where he specialized in Reformation History under Harold J. Grimm. His articles and reviews have appeared in journals such as Moreana, Journal of General Education, Catholic Historical Review, Archiv für Reformationsgeschichte and American Historical Review. He also has contributed chapters or articles to THE SOCIAL HISTORY of REFORMATION, THE HOLY ROMAN EMPIRE: A DICTIONARY HANDBOOK, the SIMON WIESENTHAL CENTER ANNUAL OF HOLOCAUST STUDIES and UTOPIAN STUDIES. His work has been supported by fellowships from the Fulbright Foundation and the Foundation for Reformation Research. At Penn State, he helped inaugurate the Western Civilization course, as well as a popular course on Nazi Germany. His book HITLER AND NAZI GERMANY was published in 1987 (7th Edition, 2014). He is the author of WESTERN CIVILIZATION, first published in 1991 (10th Edition, 2018), and the coauthor (with William Duiker) of WORLD HISTORY, first published in 1994 (9th Edition, 2019). Professor Spielvogel has won five major university-wide teaching awards. During the year 1988 - 1989, he held the Penn State Teaching Fellowship, the university's most prestigious teaching award. He won the Dean Arthur Ray Warnock Award for Outstanding Faculty member in 1996 and received the Schreyer Honors College Excellence in Teaching Award in 2000.

Table of Contents

Documentsxviii
Mapsxxi
Chronologiesxxiii
Prefacexxiv
Introduction to Students of Western Civilizationxxviii
Chapter 1The Ancient Near East: The First Civilizations1
The First Humans2
Civilization in Mesopotamia6
Egyptian Civilization: "The Gift of the Nile"13
Conclusion23
Notes23
Suggestions for Further Reading23
Chapter 2The Ancient Near East: Empires and Peoples25
On the Fringes of Civilization26
The Hebrews: "The Children of Israel"27
The Assyrian Empire33
The Persian Empire36
Conclusion42
Notes42
Suggestions for Further Reading43
Chapter 3The Civilization of the Greeks44
Early Greece45
The Greeks in a Dark Age (c. 1100-c. 750 B.C.)47
The World of the Greek City-States (c. 750-c. 500 B.C.)49
The High Point of Greek Civilization: Classical Greece54
Conclusion65
Notes65
Suggestions for Further Reading65
Chapter 4The Hellenistic World67
The Rise of Macedonia and the Conquests of Alexander68
The World of the Hellenistic Kingdoms72
Culture in the Hellenistic World76
Conclusion82
Notes82
Suggestions for Further Reading82
Chapter 5The Roman Republic83
The Emergence of Rome84
The Roman Republic (c. 509-264 B.C.)86
The Roman Conquest of the Mediterranean (264-133 B.C.)90
Society and Culture in the Roman World92
The Decline and Fall of the Roman Republic (133-31 B.C.)99
Conclusion104
Notes104
Suggestions for Further Reading104
Chapter 6The Roman Empire106
The Age of Augustus (31 B.C.-A.D. 14)107
The Early Empire (14-180)110
Roman Culture and Society in the Early Empire113
The Decline of the Roman Empire119
The Transformation of the Roman World: The Development of Christianity121
The Fall of the Western Roman Empire125
Conclusion126
Notes126
Suggestions for Further Reading127
Chapter 7The Passing of the Roman World and the Emergence of Medieval Civilization129
The Transformation of the Roman World: The Role of the Germanic Peoples129
The Role and Development of the Christian Church134
The Byzantine Empire141
The Rise of Islam145
Conclusion149
Notes149
Suggestions for Further Reading149
Chapter 8European Civilization in the Early Middle Ages, 750-1000151
The World of the Carolingians152
The Disintegration of the Carolingian Empire159
The Emerging World of Lords and Vassals162
The Zenith of Byzantine Civilization164
The Slavic Peoples of Central and Eastern Europe166
The World of Islam168
Conclusion170
Notes171
Suggestions for Further Reading171
Chapter 9The Recovery and Growth of European Society in the High Middle Ages172
Land and People in the High Middle Ages173
The Recovery and Reform of the Catholic Church178
Christianity and Medieval Civilization179
The Crusades184
Conclusion191
Notes191
Suggestions for Further Reading191
Chapter 10A New World of Cities and Kingdoms193
The New World of Trade and Cities194
The Intellectual and Artistic World of the High Middle Ages198
The Emergence and Growth of European Kingdoms, 1000-1300205
Conclusion213
Notes213
Suggestions for Further Reading213
Chapter 11The Late Middle Ages: Crisis and Disintegration in the Fourteenth Century215
A Time of Troubles: Black Death and Social Crisis216
War and Political Instability221
The Decline of the Church227
Culture and Society in an Age of Adversity230
Conclusion233
Notes234
Suggestions for Further Reading234
Chapter 12Recovery and Rebirth: The Age of the Renaissance235
Meaning and Characteristics of the Italian Renaissance236
The Making of Renaissance Society238
The Italian States in the Renaissance242
The Intellectual Renaissance in Italy245
The Artistic Renaissance248
The European State in the Renaissance253
The Church in the Renaissance256
Conclusion258
Notes258
Suggestions for Further Reading258
Chapter 13The Age of Reformation260
Prelude to Reformation261
Martin Luther and the Reformation in Germany263
The Spread of the Protestant Reformation268
The Social Impact of the Protestant Reformation273
The Catholic Reformation274
Conclusion278
Notes278
Suggestions for Further Reading279
Chapter 14Discovery and Crisis in the Sixteenth and Seventeenth Centuries280
An Age of Discovery and Expansion281
Politics and the Wars of Religion in the Sixteenth Century288
Economic and Social Crises291
Seventeenth-Century Crises: War and Rebellions294
Culture in a Turbulent World295
Conclusion301
Notes301
Suggestions for Further Reading301
Chapter 15Response to Crisis: State Building and the Search for Order in the Seventeenth Century303
The Practice of Absolutism: Western Europe304
Absolutism in Central and Eastern Europe309
Limited Monarchy: The Dutch Republic and England315
Economic Trends in the Seventeenth Century319
The World of European Culture320
Conclusion323
Notes323
Suggestions for Further Reading324
Chapter 16Toward a New Heaven and a New Earth: The Scientific Revolution and the Emergence of Modern Science325
Background to the Scientific Revolution326
Toward a New Heaven: A Revolution in Astronomy327
Advances in Medicine332
Women in the Origins of Modern Science333
Toward a New Earth: Descartes, Rationalism, and a New View of Humankind336
Science and Religion in the Seventeenth Century337
The Spread of Scientific Knowledge338
Conclusion341
Notes341
Suggestions for Further Reading341
Chapter 17The Eighteenth Century: An Age of Enlightenment343
The Enlightenment344
Culture and Society in an Age of Enlightenment353
Religion and the Churches357
Conclusion360
Notes360
Suggestions for Further Reading360
Chapter 18The Eighteenth Century: European States, International Wars, and Social Change362
The European States363
Wars and Diplomacy370
Economic Expansion and Social Change373
The Social Order of the Eighteenth Century378
Conclusion381
Notes381
Suggestions for Further Reading381
Chapter 19A Revolution in Politics: The Era of the French Revolution and Napoleon383
The Beginnings of the Revolutionary Era: The American Revolution384
The French Revolution386
The Age of Napoleon398
Conclusion403
Notes403
Suggestions for Further Reading403
Chapter 20The Industrial Revolution and Its Impact on European Society405
The Industrial Revolution in Great Britain406
The Spread of Industralization411
The Social Impact of the Industrial Revolution414
Conclusion422
Notes422
Suggestions for Further Reading422
Chapter 21Reaction, Revolution, and Romaniticism, 1815-1850423
The Conservative Order, 1815-1830424
The Ideologies of Change429
Revolution and Reform, 1830-1850433
Culture in an Age of Reaction and Revolution: The Mood of Romanticism438
Conclusion442
Notes442
Suggestions for Further Reading442
Chapter 22An Age of Nationalism and Realism, 1850-1871443
The France of Napoleon III444
National Unification: Italy and Germany446
Nation Building and Reform: The National State in Mid-Century450
Industrialization and the Marxist Response455
Science and Culture in an Age of Realism458
Conclusion462
Notes462
Suggestions for Further Reading462
Chapter 23Mass Society in an "Age of Progress," 1871-1894464
The Growth of Industrial Prosperity465
The Emergence of Mass Society470
The National State480
Conclusion484
Notes485
Suggestions for Further Reading485
Chapter 24An Age of Modernity and Anxiety, 1894-1914486
Toward the Modern Consciousness: Intellectual and Cultural Developments487
Politics: New Directions and New Uncertainties495
The New Imperialism500
International Rivalry and the Coming of War506
Conclusion509
Notes509
Suggestions for Further Reading510
Chapter 25The Beginning of the Twentieth-Century Crisis: War and Revolution511
The Road to World War I512
The War515
War and Revolution523
The Peace Settlement527
Conclusion531
Notes532
Suggestions for Further Reading532
Chapter 26The Futile Search for a New Stability: Europe Between the Wars, 1919-1939533
An Uncertain Peace: The Search for Security534
Retreat from Democracy: The Authoritarian and Totalitarian States538
The Expansion of Mass Culture and Mass Leisure548
Cultural and Intellectual Trends in the Interwar Years549
Conclusion553
Notes553
Suggestions for Further Readings553
Chapter 27The Deepening European Crisis: World War II555
Prelude to War556
The Course of World War II560
The Nazi New Order566
The Home Front570
Aftermath of the War: The Emergence of the Cold War573
Conclusion576
Notes576
Suggestions for Further Reading576
Chapter 28Cold War and a New Western World, 1945-1970578
Development of the Cold War579
Recovery and Renewal in Europe585
The United States and Canada: A New Era594
The Emergence of a New Society596
Conclusion601
Notes601
Suggestions for Further Reading601
Chapter 29The Contemporary Western World (Since 1970)603
Moving Beyond the Cold War: Toward a New World Order?604
Toward a New Western Order606
New Directions and New Problems in Western Society618
The World of Western Culture621
Toward a Global Civilization?625
Notes626
Suggestions for Further Reading626
Glossary629
Pronunciation Guide638
Credits645
Index651

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