ISBN-10:
0072819642
ISBN-13:
9780072819649
Pub. Date:
03/27/2003
Publisher:
McGraw-Hill Companies, The
Western Civilizations: Sources, Images, and Interpretations, Renaissance to the Present / Edition 4

Western Civilizations: Sources, Images, and Interpretations, Renaissance to the Present / Edition 4

by Dennis Sherman

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Product Details

ISBN-13: 9780072819649
Publisher: McGraw-Hill Companies, The
Publication date: 03/27/2003
Edition description: Older Edition
Pages: 304
Product dimensions: 8.40(w) x 10.80(h) x 0.40(d)

About the Author

Dennis Sherman is Professor of History at John Jay College of Criminal Justice, the City University of New York. He received his B.A. (1962) and J.D. (1965) degrees from the University of California at Berkeley and his Ph.D. (1970) from the University of Michigan . . He was Visiting Professor at the University of Paris (1978-79; 1985). He has received the Ford Foundation Prize Fellowship, the Council for Research on Economic History fellowship, and fellowships from the National Endowment for the Humanities. His publications include A Short History of Western Civilization, 8th edition (co-author); Western Civilization: Sources, Images, and Interpretations, 5th edition; World Civilizations: Sources, Images, and Interpretations, 2nd Edition (co-author); a series of introductions in the Garland Library of War and Peace; several articles and reviews on nineteenth-century French economic and social history in American and European journals, and short stories on literary reviews.

Table of Contents

PART I.
RENAISSANCE, REFORMATION, AND EXPANSION


Chapter One: The Renaissance


Primary Sources


Francesco Petrarch, A Letter to Boccaccio: Literary Humanism


Peter Paul Vergerio, On the Liberal Arts


Christine de Pizan, The City of Ladies


Niccolo Machiavelli, The Prince


Baldesar Castiglione, The Book of the Courtier


Visual Sources


Raphael, The School of Athens: Art and Classical Culture (illustration)


Jan van Eyck, Giovanni Arnolfini and His Bride: Symbolism and the Northern Renaissance (illustration)


Hans Holbein, Wealth, Culture, and Diplomacy (illustration)


Secondary Sources


Jacob Burckhardt, The Civilization of the Renaissance in Italy


Peter Burke, The Myth of the Renaissance


Federico Chabod, Machiavelli and the Renaissance


Charles G. Nauert, Northern Sources of the Renaissance


Chapter Two: The Reformation


Primary Sources


John Tetzel, The Spark for the Reformation: Indulgences


Martin Luther, Justification by Faith


Martin Luther, On the Bondage of the Will


Martin Luther, Condemnation of Peasant Revolt


John Calvin, Institutes of the Christian Religion: Predestination


Constitution of the Society of Jesus


Teresa of Avila, The Way of Perfection


Visual Sources


Luther and the New Testament (illustration)


Sebald Beham, Luther and the Catholic Clergy Debate (illustration)


Peter Paul Rubens, Loyola and CatholicReform (illustration)


Secondary Sources


Euan Cameron, What was the Reformation?


G.R. Elton, A Political Interpretation of the Reformation


John C. Olin, The Catholic Reformation


Steven E. Ozment, The Legacy of the Reformation


Marilyn J. Boxer and Jean H. Quataert, Women in the Reformation


Chapter Three: Overseas Expansion and New Politics


Primary Sources


Gomes Eannes de Azurara, The Chronicle of the Discovery and Conquest of Guinea


Christopher Columbus, Letter to Lord Sanchez, 1493


Bernal Diaz del Castillo, Memoirs: The Aztecs


Jacob Fugger, Letter to Charles V: Finance and Politics


Visual Sources


Frans Fracken II, The Assets and Liabilities of Empire (text and illustration)


The Conquest of Mexico as Seen by the Aztecs (illustration)


Exploration, Expansion, and Politics (maps)


Secondary Sources


Richard B. Reed, The Expansion of Europe


M.L.Bush, The Effects of Expansion on the Non-European World


Gary Nash, Red, White, and Black: The Peoples of Early America



PART II.
THE EARLY MODERN PERIOD


Chapter Four: War and Revolution: 1560-1660


Primary Sources


Ogier Ghiselin de Busbecq, Civil War in France


Richelieu, Political Will and Testament


James I, The Powers of the Monarch in England


The House of Commons, The Powers of Parliament in England


Heinrich Kramer and Jacob Sprenger, The Hammer of Witches


Visual Sources


Jan Brueghel and Sebastian Vranx, War and Violence (illustration)


Thomas Hobbes, Leviathan: Political Order and Political Theory (text and illustration)


Germany and the Thirty Years’ War (maps)


Secondary Sources


Hajo Holborn, A Political Interpretation of the Thirty Years’ War


Carl J. Friedrich, A Religious Interpretation of the Thirty Years’ War


M.S. Anderson, War and Peace in the Old Regime


Conrad Russell, The Causes of the English Civil War


William Monter, The Devil’s Handmaid: Women in the Age of Reformations


Chapter Five: Aristocracy and Absolutism in the Seventeenth Century


Primary Sources


Philipp W. von Hornick, Austria Over All If She Only Will: Mercantilism


Frederick William, The Great Elector, A Secret Letter: Monarchical Authority in Prussia


Saint-Simon, Memoirs: The Aristocracy Undermined in France


John Locke, Second Treatise of Civil Government: Legislative Power


Visual Sources


The Early Modern Chateau (photo)


Pieter de Hooch, Maternal Care (illustration)


Secondary Sources


G. Durand, Absolutism: Myth and Reality


George Macaulay Trevelyan, The English Revolution, 1688-1689


Philippe Aries, Centuries of Childhood


Peter Laslett, The World We Have Lost: The Early Modern Family


Chapter Six: The Scientific Revolution


Primary Sources


Rene Descartes, The Discourse on Method


Galileo Galilei, Letter to Christina of Tuscany: Science and Scripture


The Papal Inquisition of 1633: Galileo Condemned


Sir Isaac Newton, Mathematical Principles of Natural Philosophy


Visual Sources


A Vision of the New Science (illustration)


Secondary Sources


Michael Postan, Why Was Science Backward in the Middle Ages?


Sir George Clark, Early Modern Europe: Motives for the Scientific Revolution


Bonnie S. Anderson and Judith P. Zinsser, No Scientific Revolution for Women


Chapter Seven: Politics and Society in the Ancien Regime


Primary Sources


Frederick the Great, Political Testament


Daniel Defoe, The Complete English Tadesman


Anonymous, The Slave Trade


Lady Mary Wortley Montagu, Letter to Lady R., 1716: Women and the Aristocracy


Women of the Third Estate


Visual Sources


Jean-Honore Fragonard, Happy Accidents of the Swing (illustration)


Jean Defraine, Act of Humanity (illustration)


C. C. P. Lawson, The Battle of Fontenoy (text and illustration)


The Atlantic Slave Trade (chart)


Secondary Sources


David Brion Davis, Slavery--White, Black, Muslim, Christian


John Roberts, The Ancien Regime: Ideals and Realities


Leonard Krieger, The Resurgent Aristocracy


Jerome Blum, Lords and Peasants


Merry R. Wiesner, Women's Work in Preindustrial Europe


Chapter Eight: The Enlightenment


Primary Sources


Immanuel Kant, What is Enlightenment


Baron d'Holbach, The System of Nature


Denis Diderot, Prospectus for the Encyclopedia of Arts and Sciences


The Philosophe


Voltaire, Philisophical Dictionary: The English Model


Mary Wollstonecraft, A Vindication of the Rights of Woman


Thomas Paine, The Age of Reason: Deism


Jean Jacques Rousseau, The Social Contract


Visual Sources


Frontispiece of the Encyclopedie (illustration)


Joseph Wright, Experiment with an Air Pump (illustration)


Joseph II of Austria, Propoganda and the Enlightened Monarch (text and illustration)


Secondary Sources


Lester G. Crocker, The Age of Enlightenment


Carl L. Becker, The Heavenly City of the Eighteenth-Century Philosophers


Bonnie S. Anderson and Judith P. Zinsser, Women in the Salons


PART III: THE NINETEENTH CENTURY


Chapter Nine: The French Revolution


Primary Sources


Arthur Young, Travels in France: Signs of Revolution


The Cashiers: Discontents of the Third Estate


Emmanuel Joseph Sieyes, What is the Third Estate?


Revolutionary Legislation: Abolition of the Feudal System


The Declaration of the Rights of Man and Citizen


Olympe de Gouges, Declaration of the Rights of Women


The Declaration of Independence


Maximilien Robespierre, Speech to the National Convention--February
5, 1794: The Terror Justified


Francois-Xavier Joliclerc, A Soldier's Letters to His Mother:


Revolutionary Nationalism


Visual Sources


Jearut de Bertray: Allegory of the Revolution (illustration)


Internal Disturbances and the Reign of Terror (maps and charts)


Secondary Sources


Georges Lefebvre, The Coming of the French Revolution


Donald M. G. Sutherland, The Revolution of the Notables


Ruth Graham, Loaves and Liberty: Women in the French Revolution


William Doyle, An Evaluation of the French Revolution


Chapter Ten: The Age of Napoleon


Primary Sources


Madame de Remusat, Memoirs: Napoleon's Appeal


Joseph Fouche, Memoirs: Napoleon's Secret Police


Napoleon's Diary


Visual Sources


Jacques Louis David, Napoleon Crossing the Alps (illustration)


Antoine-Jean Gros, Bonaparte Visiting the Plague Victims at Jaffa (illustration)


Secondary Sources


Louis Bergeron, France Under Napoleon: Napoleon as Enlightened Despot


Martyn Lyons, Napoleon Bonaparte and the Legacy of the French Revolution


Bonnie G. Smith, Women and the Napoleon Code


Chapter Eleven: Industrialization and Social Change


Primary Sources


Testimony for the Factory Act of 1833: Working Condition in England


Benjamin Disraeli, Sybil, or the Two Nations: Mining Towns


Friedrich Engels, The Condition of the Working Class in England


Samuel Smiles, Self-Help: Middle-Class Attitudes


Honore de Balzac, Father Goriot: Money and the Middle Class


Elizabeth Poole Sandford, Woman in Her Social and Domestic Character


Visual Sources


Claude Monet, Gare Saint Lazare (illustration)


William Bell Scott, Iron and Coal (illustration)


Illustration from Life and Adventures of Michael Armstrong
(illustrations)


Industrialization and Demographic Change (maps)


Secondary Sources


Robert L. Heilbroner, The Making of Economic Society: England, the First to Industrialize


Peter Stearns and Herrick Chapman, Early Industrial Society: Progress or Decline?


Michael Anderson, The Family and Industrialization in Western Europe


Chapter Twelve: Reaction, Reform, Revolution, and Romanticism:
1815-1848


Primary Sources


Prince Klemens von Metternich, Secret Memorandum to Tsar Alexander I,
1820: Conservative Principals


The Carlsbad Decrees, 1819: Conservative Repression


Jeremy Bentham, English Liberalism


The Economist, 1851, Liberalism: Progress and Optimism


The First Chartist Petition: Demands for Change in England


Annual Register, 1848, An Eyewitness Account of the Revolutions of 1848
in Germany


William Wordsworth, The Tables Turned: The Glories of Nature


Visual Sources


Caspar David Friedrich, Abbey Graveyard in the Snow (illustration)


Rene de Chateaubriand, The Genius of Christianity (text)


Eugene Delacroix, Liberty Leading the People: Romanticism and Liberalism (illustration)


Honore Daumier, Working Class Disappointments: Rue Transnonain, April 15,
1834 (illustration)


Secondary Sources


Hajo Holborn, The Congress of Vienna


E. K. Bransted and M. J. Melhuish, Western Liberalism


Jonathan Sperber, The European Revolutions, 1848-1851


John Weiss, The Revolutions of 1848


Chapter Thirteen: The National State, Nationalism, and Imperialism:
1850-1914


Primary Sources


Otto von Bismarck, Speeches on Pragmatism and State Socialism


Giuseppe Mazzini, The Duties of Man


Heinrich von Treitschke, Militant Nationalism


Friedrich Fabri, Does Germany need Colonies?


Rudyard Kipling, The White Man's Burden


Royal Niger Company, Controlling Africa: The Standard Treaty



Visual Sources



George Harcourt, Imperialism Glorified (illustration)


American Imperialism in Asia: Independence Day 1899 (illustration)


Imperialism in Africa (maps)



Secondary Sources



Raymond Grew, A Sterner Plan for Italian Unity: Nationalism,
Liberalism, and Conservatism


Eric J. Hobsbawn, The Age of Empire


Carlton J.H. Hayes, Imperialism as Nationalistic Phenomenon


Daniel R. Headrick, The Tools of Empire


Margaret Strobel, Gender and Empire



Chapter Fourteen: Culture, Thought, and Society: 1850-1914



Primary Sources


Charles Darwin, The Origin of Species and The Descent of Man


Herbert Spencer, Social Statics: Liberalism and Social Darwinism


John Stuart Mill, On Liberty


Our Sisters, Women as Chemists [Pharmacists]


Karl Marx and Friedrich Engels, The Communist Manifesto


Anna Maier, Socialist Women: Becoming a Socialist


Emmeline Pankhurst, Why We Are Militant


Pope Pius IX, Syllabus of Errors


Houston Stewart Chamberlain, Foundations of the Nineteenth Century:
Racism


Richard Wagner, Judaism in Music: Anti-Semitism


Visual Sources


Eastman Johnson, The hatch Family: The Upper Middle Class (illustration)


The Ages of Woman (illustration)


Kathe Kollwitz, Lunch Hour: The Working Class (illustration)


Leon Frederick, The Stages of a Workers' Life (illustration)


Secondary Sources


F. H. Hinsley, The Decline of Political Liberalism


Adam B. Ulam, The Unfinished Revolution: Marxism Interpreted


Eleanor S. Riemer and John C. Fout, European Women


PART IV: THE TWENTIETH CENTURY: 1914 TO THE PRESENT


Chapter Fifteen: War and Revolution: 1914-1920


Primary Sources


Evelyn Blucher, The Home Front


Wilfred Owen, Dulce et Decorum Est: Disillusionment Program of the Provisional Government in Russia


V. I.
Lenin, April Theses: The Bolshevik Opposition


V. I.
Lenin, Speech to the Petrograd Soviet--November 8, 1917: The Bolsheviks in Power


Woodrow Wilson, The Fourteen Points


Visual Sources


World War I: The Front Lines (photo)


World War I: The Home Front and Women (photo and charts)


Revolutionary Propaganda (illustration)


Secondary Sources


Roland N. Stromberg, The Origins of World War I:
Militant Patriotism


Hartmut Pogge von Strandmann, Germany and the Coming of War


Gordon A. Craig, The Revolution in War and Diplomacy


Bonnie S. Anderson and Judith P. Zinsser, Women, Work, and World War I


Arthur Walworth, Peace and Diplomacy


Robert Service, The Russian Revolution


Chapter Sixteen: Democracy, Depression, and Instability: The 1920s and 1930s


Primary Sources


Erich Maria Remarque, The Road Back


Lilo Linke, Restless Days


Heinrich Hauser, With Germany's Unemployed Program of the Popular Front--January 11, 1936


Jose Ortega y Gasset, The Revolt of the Masses


Sigmund Freud, Civilization and Its Discontents


Visual Sources


George Grosz, Decadence in the Weimar Republic (illustration)


Unemployment and Politics in the Weimar Republic (charts)


Unemployment during the Great Depression, 1930-1938 (chart)


Unemployment and the Appeal to Women (illustration)


Secondary Sources


Robert Wohl, The Generation of 1914: Dissillusionment


R. H. S. Crossman, Government and the Governed: The Interwar Years


James M. Laux, The Great Depression in Europe


Chapter Seventeen: Communism, Fascism, and Authoritarianism


Primary Sources


Benito Mussolini, The Doctrine of Fascism


Adolf Hitler, Mein Kampf


Joseph Goebbels, Nazi Propaganda Pamphlet


Guida Diehl, The German Woman and National Socialism [Nazism]


Eugene Kogon, The Theory and Practice of Hell: The Nazi Elite


Bruno Bettelheim, The Informed Heart: Nazi Concentration Camps


Fred Baron, Witness to the Holocaust


Joseph Stalin, Problems of Agrarian Policy in the U.S.S.R.: Soviet Collectivization


Joseph Stalin, Report to the Congress of Soviets, 1936: Soviet Democracy


Visual Sources


Richard Spitz, Nazi Mythology (illustration)


K. I.
Finogenov, Socialist Realism (illustration)


Authoritarianism and Totalitarianism, 1919-1937 (map)


Secondary Sources


H.R. Kedward, Fascism in Western Europe


F. L. Carsten, The Rise of Fascism


Klaus P. Fischer, Hitler and Nazism


Daniel J. Goldhagen, Hitler's Willing Executioners


Stephen J. Lee, Dictatorship in Russia: Stalin's Purges


Chapter Eighteen: World War II and the Postwar World


Primary Sources


The Truman Doctrine and the Marshall Plan


B. N. Ponomaryov, The Cold War: A Soviet Perspective


Jens Reich, The Berlin Wall


Harry W. Laidler, British Labor's Rise to Power


The General Assembly of the United Nations, Declaration Against Colonialism


The Balfour Declaration, U.N. Resolution 242, and A Palestinian Memoir: Israel,
Palestine, and the Middle East


Simone de Beauvoir, The Second Sex


Redstockings, A Feminist Manifesto


Visual Sources


The Destruction of Europe (map)


The Cold War and European Integration (map)


Decolonization in Asia and Africa (map)


Televised Violence (photo)


Jackson Pollock, Number 1 (illustration and text)


Secondary Sources


George F. Kennan, Appeasement at Munich Attacked


A. J. P. Taylor, The Origins of the Second World War: Appeasement Defended


Gerhard L. Weinberg, A World at Arms


James L. Gormly, Origins of the Cold War


Dag Hammarskjold, The Positive Role of the United Nations in a Split World


Frantz Fanon, The Wretched of the Earth


Chapter Nineteen: The Present in Perspective


John Lukacs, The Short Century--It's Over


Raymond L. Garthoff, The End of the Cold War


Robert Heilbroner, After Communism: Causes for the Collapse


Carol Skalnik Leff, The Collapse of Communism in Eastern Europe


Robert J. Donia, War in Bosnia and Ethnic Cleansing


Modernization: The Western and Non-Western Worlds (photo)


Samuel P. Huntington, Terrorism and the Clash of Civilizations


Niall Ferguson, The Future after 9-11-01


Thomas L. Friedman, Globalization


J. R. McNeill, Ecological Threats



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