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McGraw-Hill Higher Education
The Western Experience, Volume B, with Powerweb / Edition 8

The Western Experience, Volume B, with Powerweb / Edition 8

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Product Details

ISBN-13: 9780072565492
Publisher: McGraw-Hill Higher Education
Publication date: 07/30/2002
Series: Western Experience Ser.
Edition description: Older Edition
Pages: 480
Product dimensions: 9.90(w) x 7.90(h) x 0.30(d)

About the Author

Mortimer Chambers is a Professor of History at the University of California at Los Angeles. He was a Rhodes scholar from 1949 to 1952 and received an M.A. from Wadham College, Oxford, in 1955 after obtaining his doctorate from Harvard University in 1954. He has taught at Harvard University (1954-1955) and the University of Chicago (1955-1958). He was visiting Professor at the University of British Columbia in 1958, the State University of New York at Buffalo in 1971, The University of Freiburg (Germany) in 1974 and Vassar College in 1988. A specialist in Greek and Roman history, he is a co-author of Aristotle’s History of Athenian Democracy (1962), editor of a series of essays entitled The Fall of Rome (1963), and author of Georg Busolt: His Career in His Letters (1990) and of Staat der Athener, a German translation and commentary to Aristotle’s Constitution of the Athenians (1990). He has edited Greek texts of the latter work (1986) and of the Hellenica Oxyrhynchia (1993). He has contributed articles to the American Historical Review and Classical Philology as well as other journals, both in America and in Europe.

Barbara Hanawalt is a professor of history at the University of Minnesota and the author of numerous books and articles on the social and cultural history of The Middle Ages. Her publications include Of Good and Ill Repute: Gender and Social Control in Medieval England (1998), Growing Up in Medieval London: The Experience of Childhood in History (1993), The Ties That Bound: Peasant Life in Medieval England (1986), and Crime and Conflict in English Communities, 1300-1348 (1979). She received her M. A. in 1964 and her Ph.D. in 1970 from theUniversity of Michigan. She has served as president of the Social Science History Association and has been on the Council of the American Historical Association and the Medieval Academy of America. As Director of the Center for Medieval Studies at the University of Minnesota (1990-1997) she edited five volumes on the intersection of history and literature. She was an NEH Fellow (1997-98, a Fellow of the Guggenheim Foundation (1988-1989), an ACLS Fellow (1975-1976), and a fellow at the National Humanities Center (1997-1998), a Fellow at the Wissenschaftskolleg in Berlin (1990-1991), a member of the School of Historical Research at the Institute for Advanced Study (l982-1983), and senior research fellow at the Newberry Library (1979-1980).

Theodore K. Rabb is Professor of History at Princeton University. He received his Ph.D. from Princeton, and subsequently taught as Stanford, Northwestern, Harvard, and Johns Hopkins universities. He is the author of numerous articles and reviews, and has been editor of The Journal of Interdisciplinary History since its foundation. Among his books are The Struggle for Stability in Early Modern Europe and Renaissance Lives. Professor Rabb has held offices in various national organizations, including the American Historical Association and The National Council for Historical Education. He was the principal historian for the PBS series, Renaissance.

Isser Woloch is Professor of History at Columbia University. He received his Ph.D. (1965) from Princeton University in the field of eighteenth and nineteenth-century European history. He has taught at Indiana University and at the University of California at Los Angeles where, in 1967, he received a Distinguished Teaching Citation. He has been a fellow of the A.C.L.S., the National Endowment for the Humanities, the Guggenheim Foundation, and the Institute for Advanced Study at Princeton. His publications include Jacobin Legacy: The Democratic Movement under the Directory (1970), The Peasantry in the Old Regime: Conditions and Protests (1970), The French Veteran from the Revolution to the Restoration (1979), and Eighteenth-Century Europe: Tradition and Progress, 1715-1789 (1982), and The New Regime: Transformations of the French Civic Order, 1789-1820s (1994).

Raymond Grew is Professor of History at the University of Michigan. He earned both his M.A. (1952) and Ph.D. (1957) from Harvard University in the field of modern European history. He was a Fulbright Fellow to Italy (1954-1955), and Fulbright Traveling Fellow to France (1976, 1990), Guggenheim Fellow (1968-1969), Director of Studies at the Écoles des Hautes Études en Sciences Sociales in Paris (1976, 1987, 1990), and a Fellow of the National Endowment for the Humanities (1979). In 1962 he received the Chester Highby Prize from the American Historical Association, and in 1963 the Italian government awarded him the Unita d’Italia Prize; in 1992 he received the David Pinkney Prize of the Society for French Historical Studies. He is an active member of the A.H.A.; the Society for French Historical Studies; the Society for Italian Historical Studies, of which he has been president; and the Council for European Studies, of which he has twice served as national chair. His books included A Sterner Plan for Italian Unity (1963), edited Crises of Development in Europe and the United States (1978), and with Patrick J. Harrigan, School, State, and Society: The Growth of Elementary Schooling in Nineteenth-Century France (1991); he is also the editor of Comparative Studies in Society and History and its book series. He has also written on global history and is one of the directors of the Global History Group. His articles and reviews have appeared in a number of European and American journals.

Table of Contents

List of Maps XXIV

List of Boxes XXVII

Books Related Interest XXX

Preface XXXI

Introduction XXXVII

Chapter 11 Breakdown and Renewal in an Age of Plague

I. Population Catastrophes

Demographic Decline/Plague

II. Economic Depression and Recovery

Agricultural Specialization/Protectionism/Technological Advances/The Standard of Living

III. Popular Unrest

Rural Revolts/Urban Revolts/The Seeds of Discontent

IV. Challenges of the Governments of Europe

Roots of Political Unrest/The Nobility and Factional Strife/England, France, and the Hundred Years’ War/The Tides of the Battle/The Effectors of the Hundred Years’ War/The States of Italy

VI. The Fall of Byzantium and the Ottoman Empire

The Fall of Constantinople

Chapter 12 Tradition and Change in European Culture, 1300-1500

I. The New Learning

The Founding of Humanism/Humanism in the Fifteenth Century/The Florentine Neoplatonists/The Heritage of the New Learning

II. Art and the Artists in the Italian Renaissance

Three Friends/The High Renaissance/Status and Perception

III. The Culture of the North

Chivalry and Decay/Contemporary Views of Northern Society/Art and Music

IV. Scholastic Philosophy, Religious Thought, and Piety

The “Modern Way”/Social and Scientific Thought

V. The State of Christendom

Styles of Piety/Movements of Doctrinal Reform

Chapter 13 Reformations in Religion

I. Piety and Dissent

Doctrine and Reform/Causes of Discontent/Popular Religion/Piety and Protest in Literature and Art/Christian Humanism

II. The Lutheran Reformation

The Conditions for Change/Martin Luther/The Break withRome/Lutheran Doctrine and Practice/The Spread of Lutheranism/Lutheranism Established

III. The Spread of Protestantism

Zwingli and the Radicals/Persecution of the Radicals/John Calvin/Calvinism/The Anglican Church

IV. The Catholic Revival

Strengths and Weaknesses/The Council of Trent/The Aftermath of Trent/Ignatius Loyola/Religion and Politics

Chapter 14 Economic Expansion and a New Politics

I. Expansion at Home

Population Increase/Economic Growth/Social Change

II. Expansion Overseas

The Portuguese/The Spaniards/The First Colonial Empire

III. The Centralization of Political Powers

Tudor England/Louis XI and Charles VIII/The Growth of Government Powers/United Spain/Charles V, Holy Roman Emperor

IV. The Splintered States

V. The New Statecraft

New International Relations/Machiavelli and Guicciardini

Chapter 15 War and Crisis

I. Rivalry and War in the Age of Philip II

Elizabeth I of England/The Dutch Revolt/Civil War in France

II. From Unbounded War to International Crisis

The Thirty years’ War/The Peace of Westphalia

III. The Military Revolution

Weapons and Tactics/The Organization and Support of Armies/The Life of the Soldier

IV. Revolution in England

Pressures for Change/Parliament and Law/Rising Antagonisms/England Under Cromwell

V. Revolts in France and Spain

The France of Henry IV/Louis XIII/Political and Social Crisis/The Fronde/Sources of Discontent in Spain/Revolt and Secession

VI. Political Change in an Age of Crisis

The Unites Provinces/Sweden/Eastern Europe and the Crisis

Chapter 16 Culture and Society in the Age of the Scientific Revolution

I. Scientific Advance from Copernicus to Newton

Origins of the Scientific Revolution/The Breakthroughs/The Climax of the Scientific Revolution: Isaac Newton

II. The Effects of the Discoveries

The New Epistemology/Bacon and Descartes/Pascal’s Protest Against New Sciences/Science Institutionalized

III. The Arts and Literature

Unsettling Art/Unsettling Writers/The Return of Assurance to the Arts/Stability and Restraint in the Arts

V. Social Patterns and Popular Culture

Popular Trends/Social Status/Mobility and Crime/Changes in the Villages and Cities/Belief in Magic and Rituals/Forces of Restraint/Conclusion

Chapter 17 The Emergence of the European State System

I. Absolutism in France

The Rule of Louis XIV/Government/Foreign Policy/Domestic Policy/The End of an Era/France After Louis XIV

II. Other Patterns of Absolutism

The Habsburgs at Vienna/The Hohenzollerns at Berlin/Rivalry and State Building/The Prussia of Frederick William I/Frederick the Great/The Habsburg Empire/The Habsburgs and Bourbons at Madrid/Peter the Great at St. Petersburg

III. Alternatives to Absolutism

Aristocracy in the United Provinces, Sweden, and Poland/The Triumph of the Gentry in England/The Growth of Stability/Contrasts in Political Thought

IV. The International System

Diplomacy and Warfare/Armies and Navies/The Seven Years’ War

Chapter 18 The Wealth of Nations

I. Demographic and Economic Growth

The New Demographic Era/Profit Inflation: The Movement of Prices/Protoindustrialization

II. The New Shape of Industry

Towards a New Economic Order/The Roots of Economic Transformation in England/Cotton: The Beginning of Industrialization

III. Innovation and Tradition in Agriculture

Convertible Husbandry/The Enclosure Movement in Britain/Serf and Peasants on the Continent

IV. Eighteenth-Century Empires

Mercantile and Naval Competition/The Profits of Empire/Slavery, the Foundation of Empire/Mounting Colonial Conflicts/The British Foothold in India

Chapter 19 The Age of Enlightenment

I. The Enlightenment

The Broadening Reverberations of Science/Beyond Christianity/The Philosophies/Diderot and the Encyclopedia

II. Eighteenth-Century Elite Culture

Cosmopolitan High Culture/Publishing and Reading/Literature, Music and Art

III. Popular Culture

Popular Literature/Literacy and Primary Schooling/Sociability and Recreation

Chapter 20 The French Revolution

I. Reform and Political Crisis

Enlightened Absolutism in Central and Eastern Europe/Joseph II and the Limits of Absolutism/Constitutional Crises in the West/Upheavals in the British Empire

II. 1789: The French Revolution

Origins of the Revolution/Fiscal Crisis and Political Deadlock/From the Estates General to the National Assembly/The Convergence of Revolutions

III. The Reconstruction of France

The New Constitution/The Revolution of the Church/Counterrevolution, Radicalism, and War

IV. The Second Revolution

The National Convention /The Revolutionary Crisis/The Jacobin Dictatorship/The Sans-culottes: Revolution From Below/The Revolutionary Wars

Chapter 21 The Age of Napoleon

I. From Robespierre to Bonoparte

The Thermidorian Reaction/The Directory/The Brumaire Coup

II. The Napoleonic Settlement in France

The Napoleonic Style/Political and Religious Settlements/The Era of the Notables

III. Napoleonic Hegemony in Europe

Military Supremacy and the Reorganization of Europe/Naval War with Britain/The Napoleonic Conscription Machine

IV. Opposition to Napoleon

The “Spanish Ulcer”/The Russian Debacle/German Resistance and the Last Coalition/The Napoleonic Legend

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