Western Societies: A Documentary History

Western Societies: A Documentary History

Hardcover

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Product Details

ISBN-13: 9780394326917
Publisher: Knopf Publishing Group
Publication date: 01/01/1984

Table of Contents

Preface v
The Search for Order---Absolutism and Aristocracy
2(38)
Social Conditions
4(4)
Germany
4(1)
Spain
5(1)
France
6(2)
Foundations of Absolutism
8(10)
Rationalism
8(3)
Divine Right
11(2)
Patriarchy
13(5)
The Court of Louis XIV
18(6)
Portrait of a Monarch
18(2)
Life at Versailles
20(4)
Absolutism in Practice
24(11)
Religion
24(3)
Military Organization
27(2)
Economy and Local Administration
29(6)
Eastern Europe
35(5)
The Turkish Menace
35(1)
Peter the Great
36(4)
The Search for Order---Constitutionalism and Oligarchy
40(38)
Crown and Parliament
42(4)
Earlier Views
42(4)
Civil War
46(11)
Two Modern Views
46(1)
Charles I. The Break with Parliament
47(7)
A "Royal Martyr"?
54(3)
Oliver Cromwell
57(6)
War and Religion
57(1)
Authority and Consent
58(3)
A Royalist View
61(2)
Society and Religion
63(10)
Social Legislation
63(1)
Radical Dissent
64(3)
Women's Roles
67(6)
Restoration to Revolution: England and Holland
73(5)
Restoration
73(1)
The "Glorious Revolution"
73(2)
Patterns of Government
75(3)
Commerce and Empire---The West and the World
78(42)
Patterns of Commerce
80(6)
The Indies
80(2)
The Atlantic
82(4)
North America---Exploration and Immigration
86(8)
Exploration
86(3)
Immigration
89(5)
The Far East
94(9)
India---Wealth and Power
94(5)
China---Merchants and Missionaries
99(4)
The Old Colonial System
103(7)
The System Defended
103(2)
The System Attacked
105(5)
European Empires---Germany and Eastern Europe
110(10)
Germany
110(5)
Russia
115(3)
Poland
118(2)
Industrial Revolution---Agriculture, Manufacture, Population
120(28)
Agriculture
122(9)
English and French Agriculture Compared
122(4)
Feudal Practices in German Agriculture
126(3)
English Agriculture Transformed
129(1)
Agricultural Laborers
129(2)
Manufacture
131(13)
Spinning and Weaving
131(1)
Origin of ... the Power Loom (1828)
131(3)
Families Disrupted
134(3)
Machinery Attacked
137(1)
Machinery Defended
138(2)
The First Textile Factories
140(4)
Population
144(4)
Poverty and Population
144(4)
The Enlightenment---Nature, Reason, and Progress
148(40)
Nature and Man
150(6)
Natural Right
150(4)
Human Nature
154(2)
God and Nature
156(4)
Theism
156(1)
Atheism
157(3)
Progress and Reform
160(6)
The Idea of Progress
160(3)
Legal Reform
163(3)
Skepticism and Satire
166(10)
Skepticism---Miracles and Morality
166(3)
Satire---Candide and Figaro
169(7)
Political Ideas
176(7)
The English Model
176(1)
Enlightened Absolutism
177(2)
Totalitarian Democracy
179(4)
Love and Friendship
183(5)
The Salons
183(1)
Julie de Lespinasse
184(2)
Madame Geoffrin
186(2)
The French Revolution
188(42)
The Debate Over Noble Privilege
190(10)
Royal Power Asserted
190(3)
Noble Privilege Defended
193(3)
Noble Privilege Challenged
196(4)
The Third Estate Triumphant
200(12)
The Fall of the Bastille
200(1)
Feudal Rights Abolished
201(7)
Exporting the Revolution
208(4)
Challenges to Liberal Revolutionaries
212(15)
Are Women Citizens?
212(8)
Revolutionary Morality
220(7)
Napoleonic Consolidation
227(3)
The End of the Revolution
227(3)
Responses to Revolution---Theory and Politics (1790--1832)
230(38)
Conservatism
232(11)
A Reaffirmation of Aristocracy
232(6)
The Divine Origin of Constitutions
238(1)
A Call for Monarchical Solidarity
239(4)
Romanticism
243(7)
"Nature ... the Guardian of My Heart"
243(1)
The Inner Spirtual Life
244(2)
The Romantic Sensibility
246(4)
Nationalism
250(10)
Poland
250(4)
Russia
254(3)
Italy
257(3)
Reform
260(8)
England
260(8)
Industrialization and Social Upheaval
268(40)
The Factory System
270(6)
Principles
270(3)
Discipline
273(3)
The Industrial City
276(5)
"Outrage Done to Nature"
276(5)
Family Organization
281(6)
The Working-Class Family Economy
281(2)
Middle-Class Domesticity
283(4)
The Challenge of Labor
287(7)
English Chartism
287(3)
French Utopian Socialism
290(4)
The Triumph of the Bourgeosie
294(6)
Self-Help
294(3)
English Social Structure
297(3)
The Revolutions of 1848
300(8)
France
300(5)
Germany
305(3)
Theories of Society---Economics, Evolution, and History
308(36)
The Natural Laws of Political Economy
310(10)
Supply and Demand
310(3)
The "Iron Law" of Wages
313(3)
A German View
316(4)
Science and Society
320(11)
Evolution
320(4)
Social Evolution
324(4)
A Science of Society
328(3)
The Evolution of Sexual Difference
331(6)
The Argument for Equality
331(2)
The Argument for Inequality
333(4)
The Motor of History
337(7)
The Pursuit of Happiness and Liberty of Thought
337(3)
Class Struggle
340(4)
State Building and Imperialist Expansion
344(34)
Varieties of Nationalism
346(9)
Cultural Nationalism
346(3)
Liberal Nationalism
349(3)
Political Nationalism
352(3)
The Unification of Italy
355(6)
Diplomacy
355(3)
Conquest
358(1)
Unification
359(2)
The Hapsburg Empire
361(3)
The Dual Monarchy
361(3)
Bismarck's Germany
364(5)
Iron and Blood
364(1)
Empire
364(1)
Military Preparedness
365(4)
Imperialism
369(9)
French Colonial Policy
369(1)
The White Man's Burden
370(2)
The Black Man's Oppression
372(1)
The Economic Bases of Imperialism
373(5)
Advanced Industrial Capitalism
378(28)
Organization
380(6)
Networks of Factories
380(1)
German Banks
381(3)
Retailing
384(2)
An International Monetary System and a World Market
386(4)
The Gold Standard
386(1)
The World Economy
387(3)
Government and Industry
390(5)
Protective Tariffs
390(1)
Regulation of Working Conditions
391(4)
The Labor Movement
395(3)
Strikes
395(1)
National Federations of Labor
396(2)
The Socialist Movement
398(8)
German Social Democracy
398(4)
English Social Democracy
402(2)
French Socialists Unite
404(2)
World War I
406(34)
The Road to War
408(9)
National Rivalry
408(3)
Popular Propaganda
411(1)
War Declared
411(6)
Strategies and Battles
417(8)
The Western Front
417(3)
Trench Warfare
420(1)
New Weaponry
420(2)
America Enters the War
422(3)
The Home Front
425(4)
England Mourns Her Dead
425(1)
Women's War Service
425(4)
The Decline of the West?
429(11)
German Surrender
429(3)
Disillusionment
432(8)
The Russian Revolution---From Lenin to Stalin
440(38)
The Road to Revolution
442(5)
Lenin's Strategy
442(2)
The Revolution of 1905
444(3)
Revolution, War Communism, and Civil War
447(12)
The Fall of the Tsar
447(2)
The Bolsheviks Come to Power
449(5)
War Communism
454(2)
Civil War
456(3)
Culture and Society in the 1920s
459(7)
Literature
459(3)
The Family
462(4)
Stalin and the Consolidation of the Modern Soviet State
466(12)
Economic Planning
466(6)
Family Organization
472(2)
Destruction of the Opposition
474(4)
Europe--The 1920's to World War II
478(40)
Economic Depression and Social Unrest
480(7)
England
480(3)
France
483(4)
The Rise of Fascism
487(9)
Italy
487(2)
Germany
489(3)
The Spanish Civil War
492(4)
World War II
496(15)
The Outbreak of War
496(9)
The Fall of France
505(2)
War in the Pacific
507(4)
The War Ends
511(7)
D-Day, June 6, 1944
511(1)
The Bombing of Hiroshima
512(2)
The Human Costs
514(4)
Postwar Politics---Cold War and Third World
518(44)
Universalist Ideals
520(6)
The United Nations
520(3)
Control of Atomic Energy
523(3)
The Cold War Begins
526(11)
Yalta and the Aftermath
526(4)
The Iron Curtain
530(5)
Atlantic Alliance
535(2)
Conciliation and Conflict
537(12)
Peaceful Coexistence
537(3)
Hungary
540(1)
Vietnam
541(4)
The Sino-Soviet Rift
545(4)
Israel and the Arabs
549(6)
The Zionist Case
549(3)
The Arab Case
552(3)
The Third World
555(7)
India
555(1)
Africa
556(2)
Latin America
558(4)
The Modern World---Hopes and Anxieties
562(34)
The Threat of Nuclear War
564(7)
Three Approaches
564(7)
Population, Ecology, Natural Resources
571(8)
Population Pressures
571(2)
Natural Environment
573(6)
Forms of Government, Forms of Protest
579(8)
Totalitarian Government
579(1)
Humanism and Rebellion
580(3)
Revolutionary Protest
583(4)
Women and Family
587(5)
Women's Roles
587(3)
Feminist Protest
590(2)
Science and Morality
592(4)
Evolution and Matter
592(4)
Evolution and Spirit
596

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