The purpose of this book is to introduce comparative studies of the Tanzanian and Malawian political parties, their basic conceptual paradigms, salient theories, and sets of theoretical hypotheses. The collection of papers brings together insights important to many fields: from political theories, theories on political parties, and institutional settings. They further provide analysis of the contemporary political climates of Tanzania and Malawi; and hope to enhance the democratic process and good governance of political parties in these countries. The chapters are organised thematically into sections on: the deep roots of political parties; Africa and political conflict; Tanzania, as 'the two in one state'; inter-party conflict: the CCM and CUF in Tanzania; intra-party conflict: the NCCR-Mageuzi, in Tanzania; the legacy of dictatorship in Malawi; inter- and intra-party conflict in Malawi; and retrospective and prospective perspectives on the democracies in question. The editors are political scientists and co-ordinators of the Eastern and Southern African Universities Research Programme, of which this book is a product.