Who Becomes a Terrorist and Why: The 1999 Government Report on Profiling Terrorists

Who Becomes a Terrorist and Why: The 1999 Government Report on Profiling Terrorists

Paperback

$5.95

Product Details

ISBN-13: 9781585747542
Publisher: Rowman & Littlefield Publishers, Inc.
Publication date: 06/28/2002
Pages: 256
Product dimensions: 4.27(w) x 7.08(h) x 0.67(d)

Table of Contents

Prefacexiii
Introduction1
Executive Summary: Mindsets of Mass Destruction5
New Types of Post-Cold War Terrorists5
New Forms of Terrorist-Threat Scenarios11
Terms of Analysis17
Defining Terrorism and Terrorists17
Terrorist Group Typologies21
Approaches to Terrorism Analysis23
The Multicausal Approach23
The Political Approach23
The Organizational Approach25
The Physiological Approach26
The Psychological Approach28
General Hypotheses of Terrorism29
Frustration-Aggression Hypothesis29
Negative Identity Hypothesis30
Narcissistic Rage Hypothesis31
The Psychology of the Terrorist33
Terrorist Motivation33
The Process of Joining a Terrorist Group36
The Terrorist as Mentally Ill40
The Terrorist as Suicidal Fanatic48
Fanatics48
Suicide Terrorists49
Terrorist Group Dynamics52
Pressures to Conform55
Pressures to Commit Acts of Violence57
Terrorist Rationalization of Violence58
The Terrorist's Ideological or Religious Perception62
Terrorist Profiling67
Hazards of Terrorist Profiling67
Sociological Characteristics of Terrorists in the Cold War Period71
A Basic Profile71
Age73
Educational, Occupational, and Socioeconomic Background75
General Traits77
Marital Status79
Physical Appearance79
Origin: Rural or Urban80
Gender81
Males81
Females81
Characteristics of Female Terrorists85
Practicality, Coolness85
Dedication, Inner Strength, Ruthlessness87
Single-Mindedness88
Female Motivation for Terrorism90
Conclusion91
Terrorist Profiling91
Terrorist Group Mindset Profiling97
Promoting Terrorist Group Schisms101
How Guerrilla and Terrorist Groups End102
Appendix
Sociopsychological Profiles: Case Studies109
Exemplars of International Terrorism in the Early 1970s109
Renato Curcio109
Leila Khaled111
Kozo Okamoto115
Exemplars of International Terrorism in the Early 1990s117
Mahmud Abouhalima117
Sheikh Omar Abdel Rahman118
Mohammed A. Salameh120
Ahmed Ramzi Yousef121
Ethnic Separatist Groups125
Irish Terrorists125
Kurdistan Workers' Party (PKK) and Abdullah Ocalan127
Group/Leader Profile: Liberation Tigers of Tamil Eelam (LTTE)135
LTTE Suicide Commandos139
Leader Profile: Velupillai Prabhakaran140
Social Revolutionary Groups142
Abu Nidal Organization (ANO)142
Leader Profile: Abu Nidal146
Popular Front for the Liberation of Palestine-General Command (PFLP-GC)151
Leader Profile: Ahmad Jibril153
Revolutionary Armed Forces of Colombia (FARC)155
Leader Profile: Pedro Antonio Marin/Manuel Marulanda Velez158
Leader Profile: Jorge Briceno Suarez ("Mono Jojoy")160
Leader Profile: German Briceno Suarez ("Grannobles")161
Leader Profile: "Eliecer"163
Revolutionary Organization 17 November (17N)164
Religious Fundamentalist Groups168
Al-Qaida168
Leader Profile: Osama bin Laden170
Leader Profile: Ayman al-Zawahiri176
Leader Profile: Subhi Muhammad Abu-Sunnah ("Abu-Hafs al-Masri")176
Hizballah (Party of God)176
Leader Profile: Imad Fa'iz Mughniyah178
Islamic Resistance Movement (Hamas)180
The Suicide Bombing Strategy182
Selection of Suicide Bombers183
Leader Profile: Sheikh Ahmed Yassin186
Leader Profile: Mohammed Mousa ("Abu Marzook")187
Leader Profile: Emad al-Alami189
Leader Profile: Mohammed Dief189
Al-Jihad Group190
New Religious Groups192
Aum Shinrikyo192
Leader Profile: Yoshinobu Aoyama201
Leader Profile: Seiichi Endo202
Leader Profile: Kiyohide Hayakawa203
Leader Profile: Dr. Ikuo Hayashi203
Leader Profile: Yoshihiro Inoue205
Leader Profile: Hisako Ishii206
Leader Profile: Fumihiro Joyu207
Leader Profile: Takeshi Matsumoto208
Leader Profile: Hideo Murai209
Leader Profile: Kiyohide Nakada210
Leader Profile: Tomomasa Nakagawa211
Leader Profile: Tomomitsu Niimi211
Leader Profile: Toshihiro Ouchi212
Leader Profile: Masami Tsuchiya213
Tables215
Table 1.Educational Level and Occupational Background of Right-Wing Terrorists in West Germany, 1980215
Table 2.Ideological Profile of Italian Female Terrorists, January 1970-June 1984216
Table 3.Prior Occupational Profile of Italian Female Terrorists, January 1970-June 1984217
Table 4.Geographical Profile of Italian Female Terrorists, January 1970-June 1984218
Table 5.Age and Relationships Profile of Italian Female Terrorists, January 1970-June 1984219
Table 6.Patterns of Weapons Use by the Revolutionary Organization 17 November, 1975-97220
Glossary223
Bibliography227

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