"The whole world is watching!" chanted the demonstrators in the Chicago streets in 1968, as the TV cameras beamed images of police cracking heads into homes everywhere. In this classic book, originally published in 1980, acclaimed media critic Todd Gitlin first scrutinizes major news coverage in the early days of the antiwar movement. Drawing on his own experiences (he was president of the Students for a Democratic Society in 1963-64) and on interviews with key activists and news reporters, he shows in detail how the media first ignore new political developments, then select and emphasize aspects of the story that treat movements as oddities. He then demonstrates how the media glare made leaders into celebrities and estranged them from their movement base; how it inflated the importance of revolutionary rhetoric, destabilizing the movement, then promoted "moderate" alternatives--all the while spreading the antiwar message. Finally, Gitlin draws together a theory of news coverage as a form of anti-democratic social management--which he sees at work also in media treatment of the anti-nuclear and other later movements.Updated for 2003 with a new preface, The Whole World Is Watching is a subtle and sensitive book, true to the passions and ironic reversals of its subject, and filled with provocative insights that apply to the media's relationship with all activist movements.
|Publisher:||University of California Press|
About the Author
Todd Gitlin is the author of ten books, most recently Media Unlimited: How the Torrent of Image and Sound Overwhelms Our Lives (2002). He is Professor of Journalism and Sociology at Columbia University.
Table of ContentsPreface to the 2003 Edition Acknowledgments Introduction Part 1. IMAGES OF A MOVEMENT 1. Preliminaries The Struggle over Images 2. Versions of SDS, Spring 1965 Discovering SDS Framing an Action, I: The Chase Manhattan Demonstration Framing an Action, II: The March on Washington to End the War in Vietnam Identifying SDS 3. SDS in the Spotlight, Fall1965 SDS in the Semi-Dark The Spotlight Switches On Making the Most of the Glare The Media, the Right, and the Administration Item: The Katzenbach Press Conference "Build, Not Burn" Developing Themes, I: The Movement Divided Developing Themes, II: The Movement Confronted Developing Themes, III: The Movement Legitimate and Illegitimate Part II. MEDIA IN THE MAKING AND UNMAKING OF THE MOVEMENT 4. Organizational Crisis, 1965 The Membership Surge and Prairie Power Who Will Speak into the Microphone? The Obsolescence of the Old Guard From Community to Mass Movement Political Consequences of the Early Coverage, and Sources of 50S's Vulnerability 5. Certifying Leaders and Converting Leadership to Celebrity The Manufacture of Celebrity The Vulnerability of Ambivalent Leaders Celebrity as Resource: Pyramiding Celebrity as Career: Performing Celebrity as Trap: Abdicating Alternatives for Leadership 6. Inflating Rhetoric and Militancy 'The New Left Turns to Mood of Violence" Revolutionary Will and Action News The Aestheticizing of Violence in Films Militancy and the Movement 7. Elevating Moderate Alternatives: The Moment of Reform The Tet Crisis and American Elites Media on a Tightrope: Extraordinary Measures to Secure Moderating Frames Moratorium and Mobilization Routines and Stereotypes 8. Contracting Time and Eclipsing Context On Discontinuity and the Decontextualization of Experience The Vulnerability of a Student Movement 9. Broadcasting and Containment Part III. HEGEMONY, CRISIS, AND OPPOSITION 10. Media Routines and Political Crises Theories of the News Ideological Hegemony as a Process The Workings of Hegemony in Journalism The Limits of Hegemonic Routine 11. Seventies Going on Eighties Implications for Movements Some Recent Frames: The Treatment of Movements Against Nuclear Power and Nuclear Weapons Appendix on Sources and Methods The Movement The Media On Analyzing News Selected Bibliography Index