Wild Birds and Avian Influenza: An Introduction to Applied Field Research and Disease Sampling Techniques

Wild Birds and Avian Influenza: An Introduction to Applied Field Research and Disease Sampling Techniques

by Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations




The highly pathogenic avian influenza H5N1 strain has spread from domestic poultry to a large number of species of free-ranging wild birds, including non-migratory birds and migratory birds that can travel thousands of kilometres every year. The regular contact and interaction between poultry and wild birds has increased the urgency of understanding wild bird diseases. This manual contains chapters on the basic ecology of avian influenza and wild birds, capture and marking techniques (ringing, colour marking and satellite telemetry), disease sampling procedures, and field survey and monitoring procedures. Also published in English.

Product Details

ISBN-13: 9789254059088
Publisher: Food & Agriculture Organization of the United Nations
Publication date: 02/28/2009
Series: FAO Animal Production and Health Manuals
Pages: 144
Product dimensions: 7.00(w) x 9.70(h) x 0.60(d)

About the Author

Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations

Table of Contents

Foreword v Chapter 1 Avian influenza and the H5N1 virus 1 Ecology and biochemical properties of avian influenza viruses 1 History of the H5N1 avian influenza virus 4 Surveillance strategies for avian influenza 10 References and information sources 11 Chapter 2 Wild birds and avian influenza 13 Avian influenza in wetland bird species 13
"Bridge" species 27 Migratory birds and spread of the H5N1 virus 29 References and information sources 32 Chapter 3 Wild bird capture techniques 33 Corral traps (round-ups) 34 Baited traps 37 Cannon nets 42 Mist netting 44 Miscellaneous capture methods 48 References and information sources 50 Chapter 4 Bird handling and ringing techniques 51 Bird handling and restraint 52 Physical and chemical restraining aides 58 Bird welfare 59 Ringing (banding) 60 Biometric measurements 64 References and information sources 71 Chapter 5 Disease sampling procedures 73 Tracheal and cloacal swabs 74 Blood sampling 80 Faecal sampling 83 References and information sources 84 Chapter 6 Avian surveys and monitoring 85 Complete censuses 85 Sample plots 87 Trip transects 89 Point counts 91 Distance sampling 92 Capture-mark-recapture 93 References and information sources 94 Chapter 7 Radio telemetry and bird movements 95 Radio telemetry 95 Capture and radio-marking 99 VHF telemetry tracking 103 Data analysis 106 Mark-recapture (resight) studies 107 Stable isotope analysis 111 References and information sources 111 Annex 1 Guidance on taking photographs of birds for identification purposes 113

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