Wildlife conservation and management is increasingly becoming a subject of great interest and value. The significance of wildlife conservation came into light few decades back when ecologists noticed the negative impacts of habitat loss and extinction of species. The destruction and degradation of different habitats of wild animals meant for their development and preservation, has led to fall in the population of various species. National parks, wildlife sanctuaries and hotspots are designed to protect wildlife on a large scale. This book focuses upon the relevance of study of conservation biology. Some of the significant concepts included in the book are wildlife ecology, morphology, genetics, and conservation practices. It aims to benefit students and academicians who are looking to explore this field.