Willem Einthoven, 'The father of electrocardiography', introduced a new era in the diagnosis and treatment of diseases of the heart. For his contributions he was awarded the Nobel Prize in 1924.
This volume is the first book in the English language on Willem Einthoven's life and work. It is based in part on the two Dutch reviews by Einthoven's collaborators, De Waart and Hoogerwerff (1957 and 1946, respectively) and Einthoven's own publications. In addition, extensive use could be made for the first time of the Einthoven archive which contains a large correspondence with Dutch and foreign colleagues and friends, along with their evaluations of Einthoven's work and personality.
This book provides an interesting and unique insight into Einthoven's work, his personality, and his relation to his contemporaries. It is also a valuable document about an episode which has been of great importance in the development of modern medicine.
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Table of Contents
Introduction. 1. (18601885) Willem Einthoven's ancestors. Early childhood at Semarang; schooldays and medical training at Utrecht. 2. (18861900) Scientific orientation and self-study at Leiden. Gradual concentration on electrophysiology in particular of the heart, using Lippmann's capillary electrometer. 3. (19011915) The string galvanometer and its applications; development of electrocardiography. 4. (19161927) Ultimate improvement of the string galvanometer; its achievements and limitations. Einthoven's American lecture tour and Nobel Prize. Survey of electrocardiography completed during final illness. 5. Willem Einthoven and his relatives, friends and personally acquainted scientists. Part I: Selected Dutch correspondence: Donders, Bosscha, Lorentz, Julius, Wenckebach, de Vogel, W.F. Einthoven, De Waart. 6. Willem Einthoven's correspondence with personally acquainted colleagues. Part II: Selected correspondence in English and German: Fahr, Waller, Lewis, Wilson, Samojloff, A.V. Hill, Wiggers. Review of their papers on Einthoven. 7. Additional evaluations of Einthoven's work (by not personally acquainted authors) including Johansson (Chairman Nobel Prize Committee) together with comments on Kraus and Nicolai; furthermore Burch and De Pasquale; Katz and Hellerstein; Shapiro; Cooper (Sections 1 and 47). Some correspondence and arrangements concerning production of the string galvanometer in particular with Edelmann and Ebert together with a comparison of Einthoven's work to that of Ader (Sections 2 and 3). Concluding remarks. References.