During his life time Markham received many awards including: LL.D Cambridge University; D.SC University of Leeds; Commendador of the Order of Christ of Portugal; Chevalier of the Order of the Rose of Brazil; Knight Commander of the Order of the Polar Star (1st Class) of Sweden; the Commander of the Order of St. Olaf of Norway; Fellow of the Royal Society; and, a Knight Commander of the Most Honourable Order of the Bath.
From 1858 to 1886 Markham served as secretary to the Hakluyt Society and from 1893 to 1910 he served as the society's president. Markham served as secretary of the Royal Geo-graphical Society from 1863 to 1868 and as its President from 1893 to 1905.
In his lifetime, this man of science, letters, and active exploration was nothing short of prolific. His works include: Franklin's Footsteps (1853). Cuzco: A Journey to the Ancient Capital of Peru (1856), Travels in Peru and India (1862), Contributions Towards a Grammar and Dictionary of Quichua (1864), History of the Abyssinian Expedition (1869), Memoir on the Indian Surveys (1871), Threshold of the Unknown Region (1873), Peruvian Bark (1880), The Sea Fathers (1884), A History of Peru (1892), Richard III (1906), Incas of Peru (1910). This is just a sampling; he wrote or edited well over twenty-five works for the Hakluyt Society. With Markham's interest in geography, exploration, and all things nautical, it is not surprising that he would eventually turn his pen to the life of William Dampier.
William Dampier: In the Front Ranks of England's Sea Worthies is not an exhaustive and exacting biographical treatise, but a whirlwind tour of Dampier's life and times . . . and that is the charm of it.