Witnesses to the Word : New Testament Studies Since Vatical II

Witnesses to the Word : New Testament Studies Since Vatical II

by Daniel J. Harrington


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Product Details

ISBN-13: 9780809148202
Publisher: Paulist Press
Publication date: 11/19/2012
Pages: 122
Product dimensions: 5.30(w) x 7.90(h) x 0.50(d)

About the Author

Daniel J. Harrington, SJ, is professor of New Testament at the Boston College School of Theology and Ministry. He received his doctorate in biblical languages and literatures from Harvard University in 1970. He has been general editor of New Testament Abstracts since 1972 and is a past president of the Catholic Biblical Association of America (1985—86). He is the author of more than fifty books on various aspects of biblical studies, including the recently revised Reading the Old Testament.

Table of Contents

Introduction xiii

Chapter 1 Interpreting the New Testament 1

1 The Bible as a classic text 1

2 The New Testament demands interpretation 2

3 Dei verbum: An excellent framework for reading the Bible 2

4 Biblical interpretation and the hermeneutical problem 5

5 The major role of hermeneutics 6

6 Historical criticism: The world of the text and the world behind it 8

7 New methods: The world before the text 10

8 Theological exegesis 11

9 Ways to do biblical theology 12

10 Biblical interpretation can and should enrich piety 13

Concluding Comment 14

Chapter 2 The Dead Sea Scrolls and Early Judaism 16

1 The importance of the discovery of the Dead Sea Scrolls 16

2 The Qumran library 17

3 Writings contemporary with Jesus and the New Testament 18

4 Revivified study of the Greek Bible 19

5 Revivified study of the Apocrypha, or the Deuterocanonical books 21

6 Revivified study of the Pseudepigrapha 22

7 The Dead Sea Scrolls and other ancient Jewish writings 24

8 The Second Temple period 25

9 Our changing perceptions about the history of Second Temple Judaism 26

10 Important parallels to Jesus and his movement 27

Concluding Comment 29

Chapter 3 Jesus, Prophet of God's Kingdom 30

1 Jesus as a historical figure 31

2 Jesus in the historical context of first-century Judaism 33

3 The kingdom of God as his central theme 34

4 Parables, maxims, debates, and symbolic actions 35

5 Miracles as signs of the kingdom 37

6 Jesus' teachings vis-à-vis the Jewish and Roman authorities 38

7 Women in Jesus' public ministry 40

8 Pontius Pilate and the death of Jesus 41

9 Jesus was raised from the dead 43

10 Books on Jesus by Joseph Ratzinger (Pope Benedict XVI) 45

Concluding Comment 46

Chapter 4 The Evangelists as Authors 47

1 From the death of Jesus to the first written Gospel-a forty-year gap 47

2 Matthew, Mark, and Luke vis-à-vis the Gospel of John 50

3 The Evangelists were authors 52

4 The Two-Source Theory 53

5 The application of old and new methods 55

6 Mark: Jesus as the suffering Messiah 56

7 Matthew: Jesus as a teacher 57

8 Luke: Jesus as a prophet and an example 58

9 John: Jesus as the revealer and revelation of God 60

10 The so-called Apocryphal Gospels 61

Concluding Comment 63

Chapter 5 New Perspectives on Paul and Judaism 64

1 Paul in the context of first-century Judaism 65

2 Jews observed the law in the context of their covenant relationship with God 67

3 Paul's experience of the risen Christ trumped his past in Judaism 68

4 Paul's conversion was from one form of Judaism (Pharisaic) to another (Christian) 69

5 Paul did not set out to found a new religion separate from Judaism 71

6 Could non-Jews be part of the people of God? 72

7 The faith of Christ and the faith in Christ 73

8 Paul's reasoning: From solution to plight 75

9 "Works of the law" as identity markers of Judaism 76

10 Paul and the salvation of "all Israel" 77

Concluding Comment 79

Chapter 6 Christians in the Roman Empire 80

1 The Roman Empire as the larger context for Jesus and the early Church 80

2 Attitudes toward the Roman Empire 81

3 The Acts of the Apostles: The spread of Christianity in the Roman Empire 83

4 Galatians and Romans: A Church of both Jews and Gentiles 85

5 The Letter of James and Matthew's Gospel: The Jewish Christian voice in the Roman Empire 87

6 Hebrews: Being a Jewish Christian in the Roman Empire 88

7 First Peter: Being a Gentile Christian in the Roman Empire 89

8 First Corinthians: Problems facing Gentile Christians 91

9 The later Pauline letters: Coming to terms with the Roman Empire 93

10 Philemon: Sociopolitical tensions with the Roman Empire 95

Concluding Comment 96

Epilogue 98

Glossary 101

General Bibliography 107

Index of Authors 115

Index of Scripture, Church Documents, and Ancient Texts 117

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