Women, Livestock Ownership and Markets: Bridging the Gender Gap in Eastern and Southern Africa by Jemimah Njuki, Joyce Lyimo-Macha, Juliet Kariuki, Samuel Mburu
This book provides empirical evidence from Kenya, Tanzania and Mozambique and from different production systems of the importance of livestock as an asset to women and their participation in livestock and livestock product markets. It explores the issues of intra-household income management and economic benefits of livestock markets to women, focusing on how types of markets, the types of products and women’s participation in markets influence their access to livestock income.
The book further analyses the role of livestock ownership, especially women’s ownership of livestock, in influencing household food security though increasing household dietary diversity and food adequacy. Additional issues addressed include access to resources, information and financial services to enable women more effectively to participate in livestock production and marketing, and some of the factors that influence this access.
Practical strategies for increasing women’s market participation and access to information and services are discussed. The book ends with recommendations on how to mainstream gender in livestock research and development if livestock are to serve as a pathway out of poverty for the poor and especially for women.
Jemimah Njuki is Program Director for a Women and Agriculture Program for CARE USA. She previously led the Gender, Poverty and Impact Group at the International Livestock Research Institute, as well as leading gender mainstreaming and integration of gender in ILRI’s research programs.
Pascal C. Sanginga is Senior Program Specialist for Agriculture and Environment at the International Development Research Centre (IDRC) Regional Office for Sub-Saharan Africa, Nairobi, Kenya.
Table of Contents
1. Gender and Livestock: Key issues, Challenges and Opportunities
Jemimah Njuki and Pascal Sanginga
2. Collecting and Analysing Intra-household Livestock Ownership, Management and Marketing
Jemimah Njuki, Elizabeth Waithanji and Samuel Mburu
3. Gender and Ownership of Livestock Assets
Jemimah Njuki and Samuel Mburu
4. Gendered Participation in Livestock Markets
Elizabeth Waithanji, Jemimah Njuki and Nabintu Bagalwa
5. Livestock Markets and Intra-household Income Management
Jemimah Njuki, Samuel Mburu and Paula Pimentel
6. Women’s Access to Livestock Information and Financial Services
Samuel Mburu, Jemimah Njuki and Juliet Kariuki
7. Women, Livestock Ownership and Food Security
Juliet Kariuki, Jemimah Njuki, Samuel Mburu and Elizabeth Waithanji
8. Making Livestock Research and Development Programs and Policies More Gender Responsive
Jemimah Njuki and Beth Miller
9. Conclusion: Improving the Design and Delivery of Gender Outcomes in Livestock Research for Development in Africa