Women Pioneers of Medical Research: Biographies of 25 Outstanding Scientists

Women Pioneers of Medical Research: Biographies of 25 Outstanding Scientists

by King-Thom Chung
Pub. Date:
McFarland & Company, Incorporated Publishers


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Women Pioneers of Medical Research: Biographies of 25 Outstanding Scientists

While most laymen could recognize Florence Nightingale as the founder of modern nursing, it’s doubtful they could likewise identify Louise Pearce as one of the primary researchers in the cure for African Sleeping Sickness or Anna W. Williams as the discoverer of the diphtheria antitoxin. This book profiles 25 women who have made significant contributions to medical research, including Lady Mary Wortley Montagu, Lydia Folger Fowler, Virginia Apgar, and Rosalind Franklin, among others. Each profile includes a general introduction and covers the woman’s childhood or family background, her formal education, her most valuable contributions to the field, and the important events or persons which influenced her life and career.

Product Details

ISBN-13: 9780786429271
Publisher: McFarland & Company, Incorporated Publishers
Publication date: 11/17/2009
Edition description: New Edition
Pages: 220
Product dimensions: 5.90(w) x 8.90(h) x 0.70(d)

Table of Contents


Acknowledgments vii

Foreword by Hubert A. Lechevalier 1

Preface 5

1—Mary Wortley Montagu (1689–1762)

Promoter of Inoculation Against Smallpox 9

2—Florence Nightingale (1820–1910)

Founder of Modern Nursing 16

3—Elizabeth Blackwell (1821–1910)

Champion of Medical Education for Women 24

4—Lydia Folger Fowler (1822–1879)

First American Woman to Receive a Medical Degree 33

5—Marie Elizabeth Zakrzewska (1829–1902)

Pioneering German-Born Physician 37

6—Elizabeth Garrett Anderson (1836–1917)

Pioneering British Physician 43

7—Anna W. Williams (1863–1954)

Developer of Diphtheria Antitoxin and of a Method for Quickly Diagnosing Rabies 48

8—Madame Marie Sklodowska Curie (1867–1934)

Discoverer of Medically Important Radium 52

9—Sara Josephine Baker (1873–1945)

Physician and Pioneer Public Health Worker 68

10—Alice Catherine Evans (1881–1975)

Researcher in Bacteriology and Promoter of Pasteurization of Milk 75

11—Louise Pearce (1885–1959)

Leader in Research on Both African Sleeping Sickness and Syphilis 81

12—Elizabeth “Lee” Hazen (1885–1975)

Discoverer of Medically Useful Antifungal Antibiotics 88

13—Sara Elizabeth Branham (1888–1962)

Pioneer in Meningitis Studies 96

14—Rebecca Craighill Lancefield (1895–1981)

Researcher of Streptococci Classification and Infections 102

15—Gerty Theresa Radnitz Cori (1896–1957)

Researcher in Sugar Metabolism and Glycogen Storage Disorders 108

16—Rachel Fuller Brown (1898–1980)

Co-Discoverer of the Antifungal Antibiotic Nystatin 116

17—Margaret Pittman (1901–1995)

Pioneer in Standardization of Biological Products and Studies of Whooping Cough 123

18—Virginia Apgar (1909–1974)

Pioneer Anesthetist and Developer of the Apgar Score for Newborn Health 132

19—Gladys Lounsbury Hobby (1910–1993)

Leader in the Study of Antibiotics and Anti-Tuberculosis Drugs 139

20—Gertrude Belle Elion (1918–1999)

Innovative Drug Developer 144

21—Jane C. Wright (1919[?]– )

Pioneer of Cancer Chemotherapy 153

22—Rosalind Elsie Franklin (1920–1958)

Crucial Figure in Determining the Double Helix Structure of DNA 159

23—Rosalyn Sussman Yalow (1921– )

Co-Developer of Radioimmunoassay Procedure 169

24—Jewel Plummer Cobb (1924– )

Renowned Cancer Researcher and University Administrator 179

25—Alice Shih-Hou Huang (1939– )

Eminent Molecular Biologist, Educator, and Leader 184

Appendix: Important Persons Mentioned in the Text 191

Index 205

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