Working the System in Sub-Saharan Africa: Global Values, National Citizenship and Local Politics in Historical Perspective

Working the System in Sub-Saharan Africa: Global Values, National Citizenship and Local Politics in Historical Perspective

by Corrado Tornimbeni (Editor)

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Overview

What is the extent to which democracy, good governance, liberal citizenship and development are negotiated and shaped in sub-Saharan African countries in the context of the 'globalised word'? Is this a characteristic of the current historical era alone? Are global ideas about politics and development in sub-Saharan Africa affected by local circumstances and visions? The works presented in this volume contribute to address, through a context-based analysis, how local practices of citizenship, democracy and development in sub-Saharan Africa have been 'working the system' of global ideas on good governance policies and development, and how this 'system' also builds on the way in which, historically, local narratives are presented to the international context and actors. Democracy and good governance are considered the universally shared paradigms shaping policy prescriptions and development practices in the context of the current 'globalised' world. Space for negotiating these recipes at the local level is considered to be particularly narrow, especially in sub-Saharan Africa, but it is also believed that international paradigms are reshaped into peculiar forms when implemented under local circumstances. From the early 1990s onwards, these processes have drawn the attention of academics, as well as the wider public, but what is rarely considered is their historical dimension: the Africa-world nexus in politics and development is not a characteristic of the current 'global world' alone, as is too often assumed. Adding an historical perspective to the analysis of the multilevel interconnections between local power relations, the politics of colonial and independent rule and the global discourses of democracy, citizenship and development will contribute to a sound theoretical stance in addressing what is considered the main feature of current times, globalisation and its flows. This is what this edited volume accomplishes, by addressing, in particular: the trajectory of the colonial and independent nation-state and its impact on the local and national politics of citizenship, identity and development; how global ideas on development are converted into practice, analysing their outcomes or how they are interpreted and negotiated at local level; and issues of belonging and identity in relation to concepts and practices of political control. Case studies will include Portuguese colonialism, Mozambique, Tanzania, Zimbabwe, Senegal (Casamance) and Uganda.

Product Details

ISBN-13: 9781443851459
Publisher: Cambridge Scholars Publishing
Publication date: 11/01/2013
Pages: 190
Product dimensions: 5.90(w) x 8.20(h) x 0.90(d)

About the Author

Corrado Tornimbeni, PhD, is Lecturer in African History and Politics at the Department of Political and Social Sciences, University of Bologna, Italy, where he is also a member of the Departmental Center of Historical and Political Studies on Africa and the Middle East. He has worked and published on Portuguese colonialism and Lusophone African countries, on migration and human mobility in Mozambique and Southern Africa, on natural resources management in Mozambique, and on citizenship and the politics of belonging in sub-Saharan Africa. He is the author of a volume, in Italian, on power, state and citizenship in the history of migrations in sub-Saharan Africa. He is currently working on nationalism and international politics in Mozambique and Southern Africa.

Table of Contents

Chapter 1 Transmitting and Negotiating Paradigms on Citizenship, State and Development in sub-Saharan Africa: Introducing a Discussion on Historical Perspectives and Contemporary Dynamics Corrado Tornimbeni 1

Part I Citizenship and the Trajectory of the Colonial and Independent State

Chapter 2 Opposition to the Salazar Regime in Angola and Mozambique during the Second World War: The Portuguese Colonies and the Global Conflict Malyn Newitt 24

Chapter 3 The Poverty of Democracy: From Socialism to Neoliberal Citizenship in Tanzania Arrigo Pallotti 43

Chapter 4 Land, State and National Citizenship in Zimbabwe Mario Zamponi 65

Chapter 5 Staking Claims, Struggling about Identities: The Role of Religion in Conflicts about Land in Dande, Northern Zimbabwe Marja Spierenburg 83

Part II Development in Practice

Chapter 6 Agricultural Development and Gender Equality in Mozambique: Changing Global Paradigms and Local Dynamics Roberta Pellizzoli 104

Chapter 7 Representing the 'Tradition' in Casamance (Senegal): Patterns of Accountability and Ideas of ?Tradition' in the Experience of a Local Development Broker Beniamina Lico 123

Part III Belonging, Politics and Control

Chapter 8 Oil, Territorial Control and Political Belonging in Uganda Anders Sjögren 142

Chapter 9 Dominance and Belonging: The FRELIMO Party in Massingir, Mozambique Simona Montanari 161

Contributors 180

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