This sourcebook is not for cover to cover reading. It has been formatted so that a busy person can pull it off the shelf, consult the Table of Contents, and quickly turn to the section they need. Sourcebook chapters are set up in modular form, with reference headings which should allow the reader to search according to individual interest and need. Chapter I brings together key themes and common elements on participation. Chapter II contains examples of how World Bank staff used, or helped others use, participatory approaches in Bank-supported operations. Chapter III draws largely upon Chapter II experiences to guide the reader through the various steps of participatory planning and decisionmaking. Chapter IV presents the experience of Bank staff and their government counterparts, and shares approaches to strengthening the financial and organizational capacities of the poor. It also discusses ways of creating an enabling environment for the participation of all stakeholders, including the poor.