The World: A History, Volume B / Edition 2

The World: A History, Volume B / Edition 2

by Felipe Fernandez-Armesto
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The World: A History, Volume B / Edition 2

The World interweaves two stories—of our interactions with nature and with each other. The environment-centered story is about humans distancing themselves from the rest of nature and searching for a relationship that strikes a balance between constructive and destructive exploitation. The culture-centered story is of how human cultures have become mutually influential and yet mutually differentiating. Both stories have been going on for thousands of years. We do not know whether they will end in triumph or disaster.

There is no prospect of covering all of world history in one book. Rather, the fabric of this book is woven from selected strands. Readers will see these at every turn, twisted together into yarn, stretched into stories. Human-focused historical ecology—the environmental theme—will drive readers back, again and again, to the same concepts: sustenance, shelter, disease, energy, technology, art. (The last is a vital category for historians, not only because it is part of our interface with the rest of the world, but also because it forms a record of how we see reality and of how the way we see it changes.) In the global story of human interactions—the cultural theme—we return constantly to the ways people make contact with each another: migration, trade, war, imperialism, pilgrimage, gift exchange, diplomacy, travel—and to their social frameworks: the economic and political arenas, the human groups and groupings, the states and civilizations, the sexes and generations, the classes and clusters of identity.

Product Details

ISBN-13: 9780136087571
Publisher: Pearson
Publication date: 02/16/2009
Series: Felipe Fernandez-Armesto, The World, 2/e Series
Edition description: New Edition
Pages: 416
Product dimensions: 8.90(w) x 10.70(h) x 0.70(d)

Table of Contents

Volume 1: Chapters 1-15
Volume 2: Chapters 13-30
Volume A: Chapters 1-10
Volume B: Chapters 11-20
Volume C: Chapters 20-30

Part 5: Contact and Conflicts, 1000 CE to 1200 CE

Chapter 11

Contending with Isolation: ca. 1000-1200

Around the Indian Ocean: Ethiopia, the Khmer, and India

  • East Africa: The Ethiopian Empire
  • Southeast Asia: The Khmer Kingdom
  • India: Economy and Culture
  • India: The Chola Kingdom

Eurasia’s Extremities: Japan and Western Europe

  • Japan
  • Western Europe: Economics and Politics
  • Western Europe: Religion and Culture

In Perspective: The Patchwork of Effects

Chapter 12

The Nomadic Frontiers: The Islamic World, Byzantium, and China, ca. 1000-1200

The Islamic World and Its Neighbors

  • The Coming of the Steppelanders
  • The Crusades
  • The Invaders from the Sahara
  • The Progress of Sufism

The Byzantine Empire and Its Neighbors

  • Byzantium and the Barbarians
  • Basil II
  • The Era of Difficulties
  • Byzantium and the Crusaders
  • Byzantine Art and Learning

China and the Northern Barbarians

  • The End of the Tang Dynasty
  • The Rise of the Song and the Barbarian Conquests
  • Economy and Society Under the Song
  • Song Art and Learning

In Perspective: Cains and Abels

PART 6: the crucible: the eurasian crises of the thirteenth and fourteenth centuries

Chapter 13

The World the Mongols Made

The Mongols: Reshaping Eurasia

  • Genghis Khan
  • The Mongol Steppe

The Mongol World Beyond the Steppes: The Silk Roads, China, Persia, and Russia

  • China
  • Persia
  • Russia

The Limits of Conquest: Mamluk Egypt and Muslim India

  • Mamluk Egypt
  • Muslim India: The Delhi Sultanate


In Perspective: The Uniqueness of the Mongols

Chapter 14

The Revenge of Nature: Plague, Cold, and the Limits of Disaster in the Fourteenth Century

Climate Change

The Coming of the Age of Plague

  • The Course and Impact of Plague
  • Medicine and Morals
  • The Jews
  • Distribution of Wealth
  • Peasant Millenarianism

The Limits of Disaster: Beyond the Plague Zone

  • India
  • Southeast Asia
  • Japan
  • Mali

The Pacific: Societies of Isolation

  • Easter Island
  • New Zealand
  • Ozette
  • Chan Chan

In Perspective: The Aftershock

Chapter 15

Expanding Worlds: Recovery in the Late Fourteenth and Fifteenth Centuries

Fragile Empires in Africa

  • East Africa
  • West Africa

Ecological Imperialism in the Americas

  • The Inca Empire
  • The Aztec Empire

New Eurasian Empires

  • The Russia Empire
  • Timurids and the Ottoman Empire

The Limitations of Chinese Imperialism

The Beginnings of Oceanic Imperialism

The European Outlook: Problems and Promise

In Perspective: Beyond Empires

Part 7: Convergence and Divergence to ca. 1700

Chapter 16

Imperial Arenas: New Empires in the Sixteenth and Seventeenth Centuries

Maritime Empires: Portugal, Japan, and the Dutch

  • The Portuguese Example
  • Asian Examples
  • The Dutch Connection

Land Empires: Russia, China, Mughal India, and the Ottomans

  • China
  • The Mughal Example in India
  • The Ottomans

New Land Empires in the Americas

  • Making the New Empires Work

In Perspective: The Global Balance of Trade

Chapter 17

The Ecological Revolution of the Sixteenth and Seventeenth Centuries

The Ecological Exchange: Plants and Animals

  • Maize, Sweet Potatoes, and Potatoes
  • Weeds, Grasses, and Livestock
  • Cane Sugar
  • Coffee, Tea, and Chocolate
  • Patterns of Ecological Exchange

The Microbial Exchange

  • Demographic Collapse in the New World
  • Plague and New Diseases in Eurasia

Labor: Human Transplantations

Wild Frontiers: Encroaching Settlement

  • Northern and Central Asia: The Waning of Steppeland Imperialism
  • Pastoral Imperialism in Africa and the Americas

Imperialism and Settlement in Europe and Asia

  • China
  • India

New Exploitation in the Americas

  • The Spanish Empire
  • Brazil
  • British North America

Home Fronts in Europe and Asia

  • New Energy Sources
  • Land Reclamation

Frontiers of the Hunt

In Perspective: Evolution Redirected

Chapter 18

Mental Revolutions: Religion and Science in the Sixteenth and Seventeenth Centuries

Christianity in Christendom

Christianity Beyond Christendom: The Limits of Success

The Missionary Worlds of Buddhism and Islam

  • China and Japan
  • The Mongols
  • Islam

The Resulting Mix: Global Religious Diversity–American and Indian Examples

  • Black America
  • White America
  • India

The Renaissance “Discovery of the World”

The Rise of Western Science

Western Science in the East

In Perspective: The Scales of Thought

Chapter 19

States and Societies: Political and Social Change in the Sixteenth and Seventeenth Centuries

Political Change in Europe

Western Political Thought

Western Society

The Ottomans

Mughal India and Safavid Persia


  • Chinese Politics
  • Chinese Society

Tokugawa Japan

The New World of the Americas


In Perspective: Centuries of Upheaval

Part 8: Global Enlightenments, 1700-1800

Chapter 20

Driven by Growth: The Global Economy in the Eighteenth Century

Population Trends

  • Urbanization
  • Explanations
  • Medicine
  • The Ecology of Disease

Economic Trends: China, India, and the Ottoman Empire

  • China
  • India
  • The Ottoman Empire and Its Environs

The West’s Productivity Leap

  • The Scientific Background
  • The British Example

The Expansion of Resources

  • The Global Gardening

In Perspective: New Europes, New Departures

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