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SAGE Publications
The World of Crime: Breaking the Silence on Problems of Security, Justice and Development Across the World / Edition 1

The World of Crime: Breaking the Silence on Problems of Security, Justice and Development Across the World / Edition 1

by Jan J. M. van Dijk


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"This book is important for students who want to put domestic crime and justice issues and criminological theories in an international perspective....It is more than likely that this book will also interest all those who are professionally or privately interested in issues of crime, corruption, terrorism, law enforcement, criminal justice and sustainable development. "

Johnson Thomas, BUSINESS INDIA

In today's interdependent world, governments must become more transparent about their crime and justice problems. The World of Crime: Breaking the Silence on Problems of Security, Justice and Development Across the World seeks to break the "conspiracy of silence" regarding statistical information on these sensitive issues. It subsequently analyzes the macro causes of crime such as rapid urbanization, economic inequality, gender discrimination, abuse of alcohol, and drugs and availability of guns. Furthermore, the book analyzes the impact of crime on individuals and societies. Using a wealth of statistical information, the author underlines the need of greater international efforts to tackle transnational problems of crime.

Key Features

  • Presents 13 chapters, which are organized in 4 main parts, that cover measurement challenges, common crimes, emerging global crimes, criminal justice, and international perspectives on crime and justice
  • Contains statistical data taken from 2005 International Crime Victim Surveys
  • Includes high quality figures such as scatter plots, graphs, and maps
  • Features summary reviews and figure footnotes at the ends of each chapter

Intended Audience: The book is intended as a supplementary text for introduction to criminology, criminal justice, and comparative justice courses and is also appropriate for those professionally interested in security, criminal justice and development.

Product Details

ISBN-13: 9781412956796
Publisher: SAGE Publications
Publication date: 12/21/2007
Edition description: New Edition
Pages: 456
Product dimensions: 7.38(w) x 9.12(h) x (d)

About the Author

Jan Van Dijk has a degree in law and a Ph D in criminology. He is a former policy director at the Dutch Ministry of Justice, professor in criminology at Leiden University and officer in charge of the crime prevention program of the United Nations Office on Drugs and Crime in Vienna. He currently holds the Pieter van Vollenhoven Chair in Victimology and Human Security at the International Victimology Institute Tilburg (INTERVICT), The Netherlands. He is a member of the Group of Experts on Action against Trafficking in Human Beings (GRETA) of the Council of Europe. In 1987 he initiated the International Crime Victims Survey. He supervised the ICVS's five subsequent rounds of implementation, covering over 80 countries in all world regions. He acts as consultant of Eurostat in the design of the European Safety Survey, to be conducted in all EU member states in 2013.

He has over the years published extensively on crime statistics, the prevention of crime and victim assistance in books and peer reviewed journals as well as in literary magazines and the popular press. One his latest books is a monography on international statistics on crime and criminal justice The World of Crime (Sage, 2007). He is a past president of the World Society of Victimology and member of the American and European Societies of Criminology. In 2012 he was awarded the Stockholm Prize in Criminology for his continued leadership in the conduct of the International Crime Victims Survey over a period of 25 years.

Table of Contents

Chapter 1. The need of better crime diagnostics
The uses of international crime statistics
International crime statistics: the sorry state of the art
Crime as a social construct
International crime statistics as controversial knowledge
Twenty years of thwarted efforts
ICVS: bringing the bad news
Breaking the silence
Summary points/in conclusion
Chapter 2. Mismeasuring Crime
International crime figures available
A crime is a crime?
Recording practices of the police
Reporting patterns
The breakthrough of crime victimization surveys
Victim satisfaction and trust levels
The more recorded crime, the less crime?
Police recorded crime and victimization rates compared
Other uses of police recorded crime statistics
Police figures as trend indicators
A moratorium on police figures?
The political context of crime surveying
Summary points/in conclusion
Chapter 3. The burden of property crime
Over all levels of crime
Five year victimization rates
Alternative measures of the crime burden
Victimization by property crime
Theft and frauds
Consumer fraud
Car crimes
Car theft and joyriding
Car hijacking
The heavy crime burden of the business sector
Costs for businesses
Summary points/ in conclusion
Chapter 4. Patterns of violent crime
National homicide rates
Hate crimes in Western Europe
Sexual assault/ rape
Violence against women revisited
Towards further standardization
Child abuse and the cycle of violence
Summary points/ in conclusion
Chapter 5. Determinants of common crimes
Comparative perspectives
Urbanization and crime
Regional patterns and future trends of urbanization
Demographics and crime
Future demographic trends
Affluence and crime
Mass transportation and crime
Patterns of vehicle theft at second sight
More affluence-less crime?
Development and crime revisited
Poverty and inequality
Criminal victimization and gender inequality
Drugs and alcohol abuse
Alcohol abuse and violence
Trends in alcohol consumption
Availability of guns
Firearms and violent crime
Guns and violence in developing countries
Summary points/in conclusion
Chapter 6. Global crime trends
Global trends in common crimes
European trends in focus
Trends in police recorded crimes
Explaining the drop in crime
Responsive securitization and the drop in crime
The growing North-South security divide
Crime and conflict
Latin America: the price of democracy
Summary points/in conclusion (part II)
Chapter 7. Assessing organized crime
The new crime threats
The changing nature of organized crime
Illicit markets
Defining organized crime
Measurement issues
The alternative of victimization surveys among the business community
Towards an organized crime perception index
Other “markers” of organized crime presence
Instrumental violence
The organized crime-corruption complex
Other “markers” of organized crime: money-laundering and the black economy
Composite organized crime index
Country scores
Trends in organized crime
Participation of national organized crime groups in criminal markets
Trafficking in persons
Organized car theft
The intercorrelates of crime
Tentative transnational responses
The US report on trafficking in persons
Summary points/in conclusion
Chapter 8. Other global security threats: corruption, terrorism and cyber crime
Defining corruption
Corruption indicators : perceptions and experiences
Assessing the merits of objective and subjective indicator
Corruption victimizations in the corporate world
Business crime surveys
Patterns and trends in terrorist crimes
The incidence of terrorism
Correlates of terrorism
Terrorism and organized crime
Cyber crime : trends in Information and Communication Technology (ICT) crimes
Computer-facilitated crime
No Asian exception
Computers, organized crime and terrorism
Summary point/in conclusion: redrawing the global crime map
Chapter 9. Law enforcement, crime prevention and victim assistance
Trends in criminal justice resources
Allocation of resources to law enforcement and criminal justice
Human resources for police and private security
Police workloads
The private security industry
Trends in private policing
More police-less crime?
Homicide conviction rates as performance measure
Towards a composite index for police performance
Resources, performance and integrity
Victim empowerment and support
Victim reception by the police
Trends in victim satisfaction
Victim support services
Implementing the UN Victims Declaration
International best practices in crime prevention
Guidelines for the prevention of crime
Evidence-based approaches
Planning and implementation
Summary points/in conclusion
Chapter 10. Courts and sentencing
Judges and magistrates
Gender balance in the courts
Perceived independence and integrity of the judiciary
Towards an international code of conduct for judges
Public attitudes towards sentencing
In conclusion
Chapter 11. Corrections: a global perspective
Trends in prisoners rates
National prison populations
Expanding use of imprisonement
Interpreting prisoners rates
Costs and limits of imprisonment
The search for alternatives
Benchmarking prisoners rates
An index of punitiveness
Summary points/in conclusion
Chapter 12. Security, rule of law and sustainable development
Introductory remarks
Legal institutions and the level of non-conventional crime
Rule of law and terrorism
Trafficking in persons and police performance.
Good governance and development
Good governance, development and the rule of crime
Organized crime as Troian horse
Vicious crimino-economic circles
Summary points/in conclusion
Chapter 13. Crime and justice: the need of global reform
Diagnosing crime
A culture of lawfullness
Country profiles at a glance
Costs of crime: the global crime bill
Lawfulness and human development
The North- South ‘security divide’
The ‘justice deficit’
Security and justice reform first
The UN Millenium Development Goals
A more secure world
Appendix A: Datasources and data
International Crime Victim Surveys (ICVS)
Technical note on ICVS data presentation
The International Crime Business Survey (ICBS)
The International Violence Against Women Survey (IVAWS)
The United Nations Survey on Crime Trends and the Operations of Criminal Justice Systems
Definition of terms
Some Other Techincal Matters
Method for construction of composite indexes
Method for constructing scatter plots
Method for constructing bar charts
Appendix B Data tables
Appendix B: Data tables

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