What is the difference between a galleon and a galley, a caravel and a carrier, a bowsprit and a broadside? This title in the "World Of" series engagingly answers these questions and presents a wealth of ship lore in a large format with abundant illustrationspaintings, drawings, and color photographs. Divided into four parts, the book opens with a section about trade and discovery, beginning with the Phoenicians, Greeks, and Romans. Cutaway drawings are especially well done, allowing readers to explore Columbus's Santa Maria, a huge Chinese junk complete with cattle aboard, as well as a modern container ship. Next come warships, including ancient triremes, Henry VIII's Mary Rose, men-of-war from the 18th century, and dreadnoughts from the 19th century. In "Peopling the World," young historians learn how ships took immigrants from continent to continent. Readers can pore over a cutaway of the Mayflower and a troubling diagram showing a slave ship's deck packed with human cargo. The final section helps a reader understand how scientists and archaeologists learn about ancient or sunken ships, myths involving men like the Flying Dutchman and Odysseus, and naval mysteries like the abandoned Mary Celeste. Any of the attractive, well-designed chapters could easily lead to a fascination with the sea and to further research about a myriad of topicsfor example, clipper ships, the slave trade, aircraft carriers, or scientific expeditions. Included are an index and an excellent illustrated glossary. This is a winner for any nautical-minded neophyte. 2005, Kingfisher, Ages 10 up.
Barbara L. Talcroft