World War I

World War I

by Tara L. Mann

Hardcover

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Product Details

ISBN-13: 9781680483598
Publisher: Britannica Educational Publishing
Publication date: 08/15/2016
Series: A Political and Diplomatic History of the Modern World
Pages: 224
Product dimensions: 6.50(w) x 1.50(h) x 9.50(d)
Age Range: 14 - 17 Years

Table of Contents

Introduction 10

Chapter 1 The Roots of War 18

The Bismarckian System, 1871-90 18

The Era of the Great Powers 19

The Nature of the German State 22

The Impact of Industrialism and Imperialism 25

Patterns of Population 25

Industry, Technology, and Trade 26

The New Imperialism 30

Completing the Alliance Systems, 1890-1907 33

Germany's New Course 34

The Threats to Britain's Empire 36

Entente Cordiale 39

The Triple Entente 40

Militarism and Pacifism Before 1914 43

Anxiety and the Arms Race 44

The Peace Movements 45

Chapter 2 The Outbreak of War 48

German Isolation 49

An Assassination and the Final Crisis 52

Francis Ferdinand, Archduke of Austria-Este 55

The War-Guilt Question 59

The Search for Causes 59

The Centrality of the Habsburg Monarchy 64

Chapter 3 From Grand Plans to the Trenches 68

The Schlieffen Plan 69

The Strategy of the Western Allies, 1914 70

Technology of War in 1914 71

Eastern Front Strategy, 1914 73

War in the West, 1914 74

The German Invasion 74

The First Battle of the Marne 79

The War in the East, 1914 83

The Serbian Campaign, 1914 87

The Turkish Entry 88

The War at Sea, 1914-15 89

The Lusitania 95

The Loss of the German Colonies 96

Chapter 4 The Years of Stalemate 99

Rival Strategies and the Dardanelles Campaign 100

The Invention of Total War 101

The Western Front, 1915 106

The Eastern Front, 1915 108

The Caucasus, 1914-16 111

Mesopotamia, 1914-April 1916 113

The Egyptian Frontiers, 1915-July 1917 113

Italy and the Italian Front, 1915-16 114

Serbia and the Salonika Expedition, 1915-17 115

The Western Front, 1916 117

The Battle of Jutland 121

The Eastern Front, 1916 126

German Strategy and the Submarine War, 1916-January 1917 129

Peace Moves and U.S. Policy to February 1917 131

Chapter 5 The Crises of 1917 134

The Western Front, January-May 1917 134

The U.S. Entry into the War 138

The Russian Revolutions and the Eastern Front, March 1917-March 1918 141

Greek Affairs 144

The Treaties of Brest-Litovsk 145

Caporetto 146

Mesopotamia, Summer 1916-Winter 1917 147

Palestine, Autumn 1917 148

The Western Front, June-December 1917 149

The Far East 152

Naval Operations, 1917-18 152

Air Warfare 155

Peace Moves, March 1917-September 1918 157

Fourteen Points 158

Chapter 6 The Last Offensives and the Allies' Victory 162

The Western Front, March-September 1918 162

Czechs, Yugoslavs, and Poles 170

Eastern Europe and the Russian Periphery, March-November 1918 172

The Balkan Front, 1918 174

The Turkish Fronts, 1918 175

Armistice of Mudros 177

Vittorio Veneto 177

The Collapse of Austria-Hungary 178

The Final Offensive on the Western Front 181

The End of the German War 182

The Armistice 186

Killed, Wounded, and Missing 189

Chapter 7 Peacemaking, 1919-22 191

Competing Visions of Stability 192

The Idealist Vision 193

Collective Security 195

The Realist Vision 196

The Versailles Diktat 200

Hammering Out the Treaty 201

Reaction to the Treaty 205

The West and the Russian Civil War 208

Bolshevik Diplomacy 209

Allied Approaches to the Bolsheviks 211

Consolidation of the Revolution 214

The Reorganization of Central Europe 215

The Reorganization of the Middle East 220

Mandate 221

The New Balance in East Asia 226

The Three Pacific Powers 226

The Organization of Power in the Pacific 229

The Postwar Guilt Question 230

Chapter 8 A Fragile Stability, 1922-29 235

The Failure of Democratic Consensus 235

The Search for a New Stability 236

Reparations, Security, and the German Question 239

German Politics and Reparations 241

Allied Politics and Reparations 244

Reparations Agreements of Mid-Decade 249

Security and the League of Nations 250

Maginot Line 253

Fascism and Italian Reality 254

Fascist Diplomacy 256

The Invention of Soviet Foreign Policy 258

Lenin's Diplomacy 259

Stalin's Diplomacy 262

The United States, Britain, and World Markets 267

U.S. Leverage in World Markets 267

U.S. Leverage in Latin American Affairs 269

The Locarno Era and the Dream of Disarmament 272

Kellogg-Briand Pact 274

Conclusion 276

Glossary 278

Bibliography 281

Index 285

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