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Pearson Learning Solutions
Writing in Anthropology: The Summary and the Critique Paper / Edition 2

Writing in Anthropology: The Summary and the Critique Paper / Edition 2

by Dorothy C Ukaegbu


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Product Details

ISBN-13: 9781256292791
Publisher: Pearson Learning Solutions
Publication date: 08/18/2011
Edition description: New Edition
Pages: 348
Product dimensions: 8.40(w) x 10.90(h) x 0.70(d)

About the Author

Dorothy Chinwe Ukaegbu, Ph.D, is a cultural anthropologist of Igbo origin, and a graduate of the University of Massachusetts at Amherst.

Her core areas of specialization are: political anthropology, symbolic and interpretive anthropology, development anthropology, and the subfield of African historiography. Her group areas of concentration are Africa and African diaspora with an emphasis on Igbo studies. Her research interests include gender studies (women’s lives), folklore, anthropology of film, ethnicity and political conflict, refugee studies, contemporary immigrant populations, and the trans-Atlantic slave trade.

Table of Contents

Acknowledgments xii

About the Author xiii

Preface xv

Part One: The Background

1 Introduction 1

1a What is anthropology? 3

1b Anthropology as a science 8

1c How anthropology differs from science: S ymbolic/interpretive perspectives 10

1d Writing in anthropology 11

1d.i Article

“Writing in cultural anthropology: An informal ethnography Instructions for beginning anthropology students” by Martha E.

Roberson 12

1d.ii The summary paper 16

1d.iii The term paper 17

1e How to use this book: Note to the student 20

1f Note to the instructor: How to use this book 21

1g Review questions 27

2 Types of Anthropological Articles . 29

2a The anthropological article 29

2a.i An investigative article 29

2a.ii An evaluative article 30

2a.iii An interrogative article 32

2a.iv A descriptive article 34

2a.v A narrative article 35

2b Non anthropological articles 37

2b.i Article “Who Needs Love! In Japan, Many Couples Don’t” by Nicholas D. Kristof 37

2b.ii Summary of Article 2b.i by Guy Ukaegbu 41

2c Review questions 43

3 Common Writing Problems . 453i Lack of ideas 45

3ii Lack of organization 45

3iii Paraphrasing 46

Examples of paraphrase 46

3a Reading and remembering 47

3b Sentence structure and semantics in prose writing: common mistakes 48

3c Sharpening your analytical ability 50

3d Thinking intelligently 53

3e Sounding logical 54

3e.i How to avoid illogical statements 55

3f Grammatical problems: confusion over words that sound similar 56

3g Do’s and don’ts in general writing 58

3h Review questions 61

Part Two: The Summary Paper

4 The Summary Paper: How Do I Locate the Objectives of an Article? 63

4a What is an objective? 63

4b Examples of objectives 64

4c Identifying different types of objectives 65

4d Review questions 69

5 The Summary Paper: How Do I Identify the Methodology?.. 71

5a What is methodology? 71

5b Fieldwork in anthropology 71

5b.i “Doctor, Lawyer, Indian Chief” by Richard Kurin (Outsider fieldworker) 72

5b.ii “Doing Fieldwork among the Igbo: The Other among Others”

by Dorothy Chinwe Ukaegbu (Insider fieldworker) 78

5c Types of Methodologies 88

5c.i Ethnographic research 88

5c.ia The ethnographic interview 89

5c.ii Problem-oriented research 89

5c.iii Library-based ethnography 90

5c.iv Cross-cultural comparison 90

5c.v Statistical methods 91 Genealogical methods 91

5c.vii Combination of methods 91

5c.viii Life histories (personal accounts) 92

5c.ix Ethnohistorical method 92

5c.x Standard (detached observation) 93

5c.xi Participant observation 93

5c.xii The questionaire approach 93

5c.xiii Archival research 93

5c.xiv Textual analysis 93

5c.xv Symbolic methods/interpretive approaches 93

5c.xvi Theoretical frameworks 94

5c.xvii Archaeological excavations and dating techniques 94

5c.xviii Innovative methods of data collection 94

5d Examples of summarized methodology: How to write it 94

5e Review questions 95

6 The Summary Paper: How Do I Locate the Main Points of an Article? 97

6a What is a main point? 97

6b Examples of main points 97

6c Locating main points 98

6d Review questions 101

7 The Summary Paper: How Do I Identify the Author’s Conclusions? . 103

7a What is a conclusion? 103

7b Examples of anthropological conclusions 104

7c Identifying anthropological conclusions 105

7d Do’s and don’ts for a summary paper 106

7e Review questions 109

Part Three: Analytical and Critical Thinking, Reading, and Writing

8 Critical Thinking, Reading, and Writing 111

8a What is critical thinking? 111

8b What is critical thinking? 111

8c How do I engage in critical thinking? 112

8d Steps in the critical thinking process 112

8e Reading critically 112

8e.i What is critical reading? 112

8e.ii What steps do I use to read critically? 112

8e.iii How do close reading and active reading work? 117

8e.iv How does critical reading connect to my writing? 117

8f Understanding the basic theory of analysis 117

This section provides the foundational theory essential to analysis. It

delineates the eight basis structures present in all thinking.

8f.i Why a guide on analytic thinking? 118

8f.ii Why the analysis of thinking is important 118

8f.iii All thinking is defined by the eight elements that make it up 119

8f.iv All humans use their thinking to make sense of the world 120

8f.v To analyze thinking we must learn to identify and question its

elemental structures 120 To evaluate thinking we must understand and apply intellectual standards 121

8f.vii 122

8g Using analysis to figure out the logic of anything 124

This section provides a range of sample analysis (as well as templates for


8g.i The spirit of critical thinking 124

8g.ii Analyzing the logic of human emotions 125

8g.iii Analyzing problems 127

8g. iv Analyzing the logic of an article, essay, or chapter 129

8g.v Analyzing the logic of an article: An example 130 Analyzing the logic of a textbook 132

8g.vii Evaluate an author’s reasoning 132

8h Review questions 135

9 The Critique Paper: “How Do I Critique an Anthropological/Scientific Article?” 137

9a What is a critique? 137

9b Examples of critiques: “Anthropology as Interpretive Quest” by Roger M.

Keesing 138

9c Examples of critiques: Excerpts from students’ papers 162

9d Practicing the art of critiquing 164

9e Do’s and Don’ts for critique papers 165

9f Review questions 169

Part Four: The Write-Up for The Summary & The Critique Papers

10 Format: How Do I Set Up My Summary and Critique Paper? 171

10a The art of reading 171

10b The format 172

10c Applying the rules 175

10d Anthropological articles and students’ sample summaries and critiques 176

10d.i Article: “Society and Sex Roles” by Ernestine Friedl 176

10d.ii Case study: Students’ summaries and critiques of article 10d.i 183

10d.iii Instructor’s commentary on case study 10d.ii 192

10d.iv Article: “Cargo Cults” by Peter M. Worsley 193

10d.v Case study: Students’ summaries and critiques of article 10d.iv 198 Instructor’s commentary on case study 10d.v 204

10e Review questions 205

Part Five: Readings in Anthropology

11 Concerning the Articles 207

11a Simple articles 208

11a.i Blier, Suzanne P., “The Place Where Vodun Was Born” 208

11a.ii Hardgrave, Diane M., “Malaria Breakthrough: A Narrative Journey into Cross-Cultural Notions of Health and Healing” 210

11a.iii Harris, Marvin, “Life Without Chiefs” 214

11a.iv Routh, Charles, “Indo-European Languages and American Indian Languages: A Comparative Inquiry” 220

11a.v Senif, Clara J., “Self-Making and Duality: Afro-American Cultural Identity Echoed in Song” 224 Ukaegbu Dorothy C., “APRIKO: Bargaining and (IL) Legitimate ‘Cheating’ at an Igbo Market” 230

11b Intermediate articles 242

11b.i Choi, Soo Ho, “Land Is Thicker Than Blood: Revisiting ‘Kinship Paternalism’ in a Peasant Village in South Korea” 242

11b.ii Sibling Relationships in Cross-Cultural Perspective 255

11c Complex articles 273

11c.i Alexander, J. “Islam, Archaeology and Slavery in Africa” 273

11c.ii Fields, Misty, “Early Farming and Women: Subsistence and Sex-Differences in Dental Health” 288

11c.iii Praetzellis, Adrian, and Praetzellis, Mary, “Mangling Symbols of Gentility in the Wild West: Case Studies in Interpretive Archaeology” 298

11d Review questions 313

Bibliography and references . 331

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