In France, the simple act of eating bread is an exercise in creative problem solving and attempting to spell requires a degree of masochism. But that’s just how the French like it—and in WTF, Olivier Magny reveals the France only the French know. From the latest trends in baby names, to the religiously observed division of church and state, prepare yourself for an insider's look at French culture that is surprising, insightful, and chock full of bons mots.
|Publisher:||Penguin Publishing Group|
|Product dimensions:||6.10(w) x 9.10(h) x 0.70(d)|
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Understanding France-and wine while you're at it-requires being acquainted with a word the French language had the elegance to give birth to and to nurture. That word is terroir.
Ask a wine lover what makes a great bottle of wine so great: le terroir. Why is this winemaker so excited about this small little parcel on that particular hill? Le terroir. What is so wonderful about Burgundy or Piemonte? Le terroir. Le terroir is somewhereness; it is the essence of a place, its signature. It is what's unique, nonreproducible, and singular about it.
In the world of wine, this translates into the unique combination of soil, subsoil, climate, topology, etc., all of which contribute to giving a unique taste to the grapes and therefore ultimately to the wine produced in that particular place. French wine is so complex and diverse because, to the very core of how it is organized, farmed, and sold, it values terroir. In France, names of places-not of grapes-define wine. People in France order Bordeaux, Beaujolais, Sancerre, and Champagne, which are all regions, not Merlot, Pinot Noir, or Sauvignon Blanc, which all refer to grape varieties! Wine, for the French, is about where it's from far more than about what grape(s) it's made from.
Ultimately, terroir is what makes one place different from another. The terroir of the American South at the beginning of the last century gave us jazz, just like that of the Bronx in the 1980s gave us hip-hop.
France is home to countless terroirs, which have been shaped over millennia. It is also home to a culture that recognizes, appreciates, and sometimes even reveres them. Anyone who has traveled extensively through France can grasp the tremendous variety in architecture, cuisine, wine, accents, crops, sports, and cultural references from one French region to the next. Normandy is immediately and irremediably distinguishable from Alsace, in the same way that Provence is different from Brittany, or Corsica from the Alps.
Most French people are gourmands, so when they travel to these regions, they have high expectations. Go to Normandy and your intake of Calvados and cider will automatically increase. Visit Brittany and cr?pes will be your passage oblig. Head to Marseille: bouillabaisse and ros wine will most likely be on the menu. Off to Alsace? You'd miss out by not sipping Alsatian wine or beer while enjoying a good choucroute.
While the expression of terroir in the world of wine-since it is complex, extremely varied, and thus requires some getting acquainted with-makes many people consider French wine as "too complicated," visiting France shows how wonderfully diverse, tasty, and unpretentious the culture of terroir truly is.
In a global world that threatens to obliterate differences, recognizing, appreciating, and seeking expressions of terroir-whether in wine, food, music, architecture, or language-are the ticket to a more delectable and richer life. If wine has one thing to teach us, it really is the beauty and value of le terroir. For while the word is French, the reality is not. Terroirs are everywhere. So come along, dear reader, and join the joyful bunch known as the terroirists!
Useful tip: If you want to experience wines that express their terroir the most, ask for "biodynamic" wines at your local wine store.
Sound like a French person: "L'amour du terroir, c'est important quand m?me dans la culture fran?aise." (The love of terroir-it's actually an important part of French culture.)
There is no understanding French culture without understanding the paramount importance of l'apritif.
L'apritif is the moment preceding a meal when drinks and finger food are consumed. It's the warm-up, the buildup, the foreplay before a meal. In and of itself, the mere existence of the concept of drinks and food before drinks and food should suffice to guarantee an irrevocable spot for France in the hall of fame of the world's greatest nations.
The apritif is an absolute landmark of French culture-and is typically referred to by its familiar nickname l'apro. It is essential to realize that even though food can be served, l'apro is really about the drinking. Heck, French supermarkets even have a section of the drinks aisle called apritifs, where all the traditional apro drinks are gathered.
Meals in France are a serious matter-you should ease into them. L'apro is that buffer between the harshness of nonmeal life and the pleasant parenthetical that a proper French meal should be. It is about transitioning to your more relaxed, more social, and more joyful self.
Prendre l'apro is more about sharing a moment than just having a drink. It's about taking the time to do it. So the first thing your server should ask after you are seated at a French restaurant is: "Un apritif pour commencer?" That is one legitimate question!
It is essential to pick up signals when it comes to the apro culture. If a friend offers you an apritif for lunch on a weekday, the plan is clear: boozy lunch. Not much solid work is going to be achieved that afternoon. At night, apros can be had solo at home to take the edge off, or with friends or colleagues, or at a bar. Girls like to have un p'tit apro entre filles (a girls-only apro), while guys typically prefer un apro entre mecs (a guys-only apro). What is served depends on social class, trends, regions, and seasons. During spring and summer, apro rhymes with ros.
Go to the South of France and pastis (and its derivatives like mauresque) will be your go-to apro drink. In Burgundy, kir (black currant liqueur mixed with white wine) is the traditional choice. Climb the social ladder and l'apritif is equated with Champagne. Head to Martinique, Guadeloupe, or Runion Island and rum will dominate the scene. Foodwise, anything could potentially be on offer, from sad little cacahou?tes (peanuts) all the way to fancy amuse-bouches. The most common option is simply g‰teaux apritif-think a better, more eclectic version of crackers (which undoubtedly constitute another very French section of local supermarkets). Every French person is highly familiar with the few typical g‰teaux apritif, and everyone has a favorite (e.g., les Curly, les Tucs, etc.).
When French people have friends or family over, l'apritif is an essential part of the event. It is not held at the dinner table and requires a separate venue (outside, on the sofa, by the coffee table, etc.). Only once l'apro is finished (and the food is ready) will guests be asked to sit down for the meal.
L'apro is such a pleasant time of any French social experience that it has morphed into an experience in and of itself. It went independent! Over the past few years, l'apro stopped simply preceding meals and started to frequently supplant them.
L'apritif d”natoire was born: no formal dinner, but enough food to satisfy all guests. Many corporate events or family affairs now take the form of more flexible and mingly apritifs d”natoires.
But the real fun in the new, reinvented world of apritifs is to be had by the younger crowd. Younger French people don't do dinner parties as much as their elders, frequently lacking the time, space, money, desire, or cooking skills. Yet they love to meet up for un apro. There is something very open and noncommittal about it that fits the Millennial lifestyle. The invitation implies that everyone can leave early or invite friends. It also implies that things can get wild and go all night if the vibe is right. No definite script. The atmosphere is usually more relaxed than more formal social functions, so apros tend to be great fun and may end up lasting even longer than your good old traditional French meal. Incorrigible Frenchies!
Useful tip: Always bring a bottle of wine. Not too fancy.
Sound like a French person: "On fait un apro vendredi soir. Tu veux passer?" (We're having an apro Friday night. Wanna stop by?)
You may be surprised to find that there is such a thing as French dancing.
It can be summed up in two words: bad dancing.
In France, dancing is about acknowledging the music. Following it is secondary. Who's that good at dancing anyway? In France, just getting your body in motion will qualify you as an utterly fun person. A French party animal is just someone that moves some body parts when she hears music. Coordination is irrelevant. It is quite okay to look bad. It is actually okay to look like you might-just possibly-suffer from some mild and heretofore discreet mental affliction. The French are open-minded like that. Here, there is always a mild feeling of relief when the music stops and people get back to normal: they were not impaired; they were just French!
Now, while the majority of French people specialize in erratic motions, some step it up a notch. On the dance floor, these ones do not look like they might have a disease; they just suck. When it comes to dance skills, plain sucking will make you one of the best dancers in France. No questions asked. You're a natural.
French dancing is primarily arm dancing. Sooner or later, French dancing will provide the observer with the ultimate French dance move: the arms-up move. When the chorus of a song comes up, 80 percent of the people on the dance floor will raise their arms to the sky-again, most likely not in time with the music. For the most energetic people or the greatest tunes, their bodies will follow their arms skyward and then their feet toward the ground. The French will start jumping along with the music.
That moment is the peak of a French party. If your guests leave without jumping with their arms up in the air, the party-no matter what the guests may say-was just a little underwhelming. A party climax in France is all about the jumping.
Extra cool points will be scored by those raising only one arm. This tricky maneuver is typically employed by smokers or people holding a drink. Double score if you can hold both a cigarette and a drink while raising one or two arms. You are obviously incredibly coordinated and so, indeed, just plain cool.
Some social groups have decided not to let their Frenchness deter them from owning the dance floors. As such, they have specialized in a specific type of dancing, which incidentally will give them away immediately. Here are a few of these other types of dancing ˆ la fran?aise:
Dance le rock and you are no doubt about it un bourge-spawn of the dying breed known as the proper French Catholic bourgeoisie. Rock dancing can be fun and sometimes impressive to watch. Usually, however, even when fully mastered, it is rendered with no rhythm whatsoever. Mechanical masterpiece, groove tragedy.
Dance la tectonique and you'll be viewed as un jeune-a youngster. Older people will lament that, in their day, you didn't dance on your own; you had a companion. Young adults will look down on you for mastering something they don't, and that reminds them they're no longer on the cutting edge. They will try to bust one or two moves, jokingly. French soft hilarity typically ensues.
Dance le hip-hop and you're une racaille-a hoodlum. While twenty years ago outliers would faire du modern-jazz, now the new generation of young French girls fait du hip-hop. In all fairness, though, it should be noted that, thanks to the spread of hip-hop culture, France is home to some of the best hip-hop dancers in the world.
On the subject of dancing, one thing has become clear to most young French people: Les Amricaines, elles dansent comme des putes-American girls dance like prostitutes. Young French boys will join in with awe and excitement evident on their faces, while French girls will offer some of the most disgusted-looking Gallic shrugs of your life. Contempt and jealousy combined will do that.
At that point, they'll go back to the dance floor acting like they'd rather be somewhere else.
Compared with many other cultures, the French culture does not grant a significant role to dancing. While many French girls take dance classes in their childhood and find dancing fun, most Frenchmen dread it. The dance floor at a typical French wedding will frequently be filled with women only. Occasionally, a few girls will try to drag their dates or husbands out of their chairs. Actual pulling will occur. Usually unsuccessfully.
Frenchmen prefer to stay seated and drink the night away with their buddies: "J'aime pas danser. Putain, pourquoi elle m'emmerde?" (I don't like dancing. Damn, why is she bugging me?)
Useful tip: If you are a good dancer and a woman, you will become the center of attention on any French dance floor.
Sound like a French person: "Moi j'aime beaucoup danser mais avec Michel, c'est vrai que c'est pas tous les jours!" (I love to dance, but with Michel, it's only once in a blue moon!)
Among humans, most communication is nonverbal. Among French people, however, a fair bit of the nonverbal communication remains mouth-centric.
While unmistakably French mouth shrugs are a well-known Gallic trait, another essential mouth movement escapes the sagacity of most visitors and observers.
That movement consists of blowing air.
Short of an attentive study of the French air-blowing ways, foreigners will miss the bulk of the small refinements that make up the richness and depth of social interactions in France.
Several emotional states can be expressed much more conveniently through blowing air than by using words. Blowing air can mean a number of different things:
1. "I'm impressed!" To show that you are impressed, curve your mouth, both corners pulled downward (think sad smiley face). Keep your lips relaxed. Then push air out gently through the tips of your lips. Once. A small, lean sound will ensue. Accompany this sound and movement by a nod and/or chickenlike tilt. That, right there, is French for "Wow-that's amazing."
2. "I have no idea." French people typically have the answer to most questions. In the rare occurrence that they happen not to, they shall express it through air blowing. To achieve a nonverbal Je ne sais pas, repeat the movement explained above and add to it a concomitant shoulder shrug. Nothing more, nothing less.
3. "I'm frustrated." Acting frustrated being so quintessential to Frenchness, it is key to be able to recognize and communicate that state of mind efficiently. Fortunately, it is a piece of g‰teau. The pattern is as follows: Inhale through your nose; then expel that breath through the mouth in a generous, continuous, louder-than-usual blow. Once this general frame is understood, small variations will open the doors to truly blending in. In order to capture or express the wide palette of the French forms of frustration, one must focus on two things: the level of intensity and the shape of the lips.
Table of Contents
Le Terroir 3
French Dancing 9
Blowing Air 13
French Rap 16
Being Serious 19
La Rando and Looking Fly 21
Ça Va 24
C'est Pas Possible 27
Fabrice Luchini 34
Le Goûter 38
Le Gauchisme 41
Taking Flowers Seriously 45
Borders and Country 50
French Vacations 52
Je Suis Charlie-Ok Not? 56
Grocery Shopping 65
Patriotic Bravado 72
The French-American Dream 74
Ideological Transformations 77
The Obsession with Food 80
Breakfast and Coffee 89
La Quenelle 92
Les Anglo-Saxons 96
Masses and Mosques 99
La Mondialisation 102
French Cinema 104
The English 180 108
The Concept of Ministre 116
Pessimism and Negativity 120
Eating Rules 123
Les Intellectuals 126
The Young-Boy Haircut 130
The Rise of the Front National 133
Communal Songs 136
La Convivialité 143
Leaving France 145
Effeminate Men 149
Gray Zones in the Law 156
The Bourgeois Obsession 159
Using Bumpers 165
Les Bisounours 168
Filles Et Fils De 171
The French Language 174
La Bise 177
The Weight Myth 182
La Police 184
English Words on T-Shirts 187
French Comments Sections 189
The Ups and Down of Wine Culture 191
La Bien-Pensance (French P.C.) 194
Televised Debates 201
Les Fonctionnaires 206
Nice Things 210
French Cars 217
The Rise of Communities 220
French Universities 223
Les Associations 227
Ne Pas Se Prendre La Tête 231
La Laïcité 233
First Names 236
Not Getting Rich 239
Fast Food 242
Slow Food 244
The Press 247
La Chanson Française 251
Parallel Languages 262
Interminable Good Byes 266
Traveling To Paris? Luce Wine? 269
Most Helpful Customer Reviews
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This book certainly opened my eyes in some ways and reaffirmed things I'd learned in other ways. My daughter and her family is relocating in the states after living in Paris for the past 3 years. This book touched on several of the reasons for their return. My son-in-law is French and his family live in France. I wish my daughter and her children had read this book before their move to France and I look forward to sharing it with them.