Yellowstone Treasures: The Traveler's Companion to the National Park

Yellowstone Treasures: The Traveler's Companion to the National Park

by Janet Chapple

Paperback(Fifth edition)

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Overview

Winner, Silver Medal in the Travel Category, 2018 IBPA Benjamin Franklin Awards

This fifth edition of the popular guide to Yellowstone, the world's first national park, revises descriptions of the hot springs, geysers, and wildlife viewing spots. Mile-by-mile road logs document every approach to the park and every interior road. Through charts and explanations, readers learn of Yellowstone's campgrounds and facilities, geyser basins and the frequency of the geyser eruptions, and out-of-the-way hikes. Updates include descriptions of new lodgings, scientific information reflecting recent research, 65 new color photos, and revised maps. A field guide to the animals and plants, a selected reading list, and a 21-page index round out this comprehensive guidebook.

Product Details

ISBN-13: 9780985818272
Publisher: Granite Peak Publications
Publication date: 06/09/2017
Edition description: Fifth edition
Pages: 400
Sales rank: 273,094
Product dimensions: 5.50(w) x 8.50(h) x 1.00(d)

About the Author

Montana native Janet Chapple has been savoring the atmosphere of Yellowstone Park since she was a child, when her parents worked at Old Faithful Inn. On her many visits since then, she has combined intensive personal observation with research year-round, reading widely, consulting experts, and attending Yellowstone Institute courses. Janet’s undergrad education was at Stanford and the University of Southern California, followed much later with a master’s degree in cello performance from Indiana University. After a long career in music in Rhode Island, including editing and writing for a music practice booklet, she turned to researching and writing about Yellowstone Park. She wrote and published four previous editions of Yellowstone Treasures, beginning in 2002. In 2013 she cotranslated with colleague Suzanne Cane an 1883 travelog called Yellowstone, Land of Wonders by Belgian travel writer Jules Leclercq, from French to English. In 2016 she selected and annotated the adventure stories in Through Early Yellowstone: Adventuring by Bicycle, Covered Wagon, Foot, Horseback, and Skis. She lives in Oakland, California.

Read an Excerpt

Yellowstone Treasures

The Traveler's Companion to the National Park


By Janet Chapple

Granite Peak Publications

Copyright © 2017 Janet Chapple
All rights reserved.
ISBN: 978-0-9858182-9-6



CHAPTER 1

ROAD LOGS AND DESTINATIONS


I. NORTHWESTERN SECTION

Each road log section begins at a gateway community and continues into the park to a junction on the Grand Loop Road. The exception is section II, "The Bechler Region," whose roads do not connect with interior park roads.


Approaches to the West Entrance

From Bozeman, Montana, driving south on U.S. Highway 191 through the Gallatin Canyon, you traverse pleasant mountain scenery without crossing any high mountain passes. On this route, you can find all types of accommodations. About halfway along the 90-plus miles (145 km) from Bozeman to West Yellowstone is the road to the famous ski resort of Big Sky. Further south, more than 20 miles (32 km) of U.S. 191 pass inside the western edge of Yellowstone.

If you're approaching from the west or south, there are two other good roads you might take. They are U.S. 287 and the road from Pocatello, Idaho Falls, and Ashton, Idaho (Interstate 15, then U.S. 20). The Ashton to West Yellowstone drive is described in the other direction in "The Bechler Region." Bozeman is a rapidly growing town and one of Montana's oldest, established in 1864. The former agricultural college, now Montana State University, is the home of the Museum of the Rockies, with a planetarium and excellent dinosaur and geology exhibits.


FROM BOZEMAN TO THE WEST ENTRANCE

You'll need about 2 hours' driving time to cover the distance to West Yellowstone. The road follows the Gallatin River up its beautiful mountain-bound canyon. Take Interstate 90 west to Montana Highway 85, which leads to U.S. 191, or take U.S. 191 due west out out of town and then follow it south.

The village of Gallatin Gateway is 15 miles (24 km) from Bozeman, just off the highway. As you pass near it, you'll see the restored Gallatin Gateway Inn, built as the terminus of the Chicago, Milwaukee, St. Paul, and Pacific Railroad (nicknamed the Milwaukee Road), which operated a branch line to this inn from 1927 to 1961. In those years, park visitors arriving by train were met at the inn by the classic yellow park concessionaire's buses.

Soon you'll be following the canyon of the Gallatin River, flowing north out of the park and long famous for its trout. Fishing scenes in the movie A River Runs Through It were filmed here in the 1990s. Guest ranches and private vacation cabins are numerous in the canyon.

There are several Gallatin National Forest campgrounds and trailheads along the highway. Forty-three miles (69 km) from Bozeman is the turnoff to Big Sky. Motels and eating establishments are plentiful, and you'll find a small chapel near the turnoff. Since TV journalist Chet Huntley began it in the early 1970s, Big Sky has become a major vacation resort and skiing center. Before that, this part of the Gallatin Valley was fertile farmland; it was known for its lettuce and provided oats and hay for Yellowstone Park horses in the very early years.

Above Big Sky stands the pyramid of Lone Mountain, a glacial horn carved by the action of glaciers.

About 12 miles (20 km) south of the Big Sky Junction you begin to see eroded gray and yellow rock formations made of welded tephra, that is, particles erupted from a volcano. This tephra also tops Crown and Lava Buttes just inside the park.

As Black Butte appears in the distance, you pass a big turnout on the road's west side and then a lovely small cascade that enters the Gallatin River. Just beyond the cascade, look to the east side of the road (1.1 mile north of the Y.N.P. entrance sign), and you'll see Gorilla Rock, a jutting rock formation resembling a gorilla.


Along U.S. 191 in the park

Approximately 60 miles (96 km) from Bozeman, Highway 191 enters the northwestern corner of Yellowstone, elevation about 6,700 ft (2,040 m), and continues inside the park for about 20 miles (32 km), crossing in and out of Wyoming and Montana. There are no campgrounds, picnic areas, or restrooms along this stretch of road, but there is access to several trails into the backcountry, both in the park and in Gallatin National Forest. This road was first built in 1910–11 and now passes through land that was added to the park in 1929.


Road Log

0.0/20.5 Yellowstone National Park boundary. Just a large sign marks the edge of the park here; there's no entrance fee to pay until you reach the West Entrance station.

This short stretch of U.S. 191 is the only road within the park where the speed limit is 55 miles per hour rather than 45. The only park road used by large trucks, it's open year round.

The mountains northeast of the road (to your left as you enter the park) are Crown Butte (elevation 8,051 ft / 2,454 m) and Lava Butte (7,904 ft / 2,409 m). Crown Butte resembles a crown when seen from the south. Geologists tell us that both Crown Butte and Lava Butte (a mile or two farther along) are topped with Huckleberry Ridge tuff, the 2-million-year-old welded tephra that can be seen in several localities in the park. Here the tuff overlies shale, a sedimentary rock rich in clays. Shale weathers and erodes easily, producing landslides that sometimes encroach upon the road.

0.9/19.6 Dailey Creek Trailhead. Small parking area and Dailey Creek crossing. Dailey Creek was named for one of the first families to winter in the valley on the other side of the Gallatin Range. The family arrived in 1866 and still had a ranch there in the 1930s.

Lodgepole Creek joins the Gallatin opposite Dailey Creek. Note that locals pronounce the word creek like CRICK, to rhyme with trick.

All trails in this part of the park are long, steep ones that lead into the Gallatin Range. Dailey, Black Butte, and Specimen Creek trails all join with the Sky Rim Trail 5 miles or more away and 3,000 feet up (about 8 km away and 900 m up). The Sky Rim Trail affords spectacular mountain views to the very hardy climber or horseback rider. Also, some stumps of petrified wood are preserved there, but they are hard to reach.

Along the far side of the river, you'll see red-tipped white stakes marking the park boundary.

2.6/17.9 Black Butte Creek Trailhead; parking area on the west, trail on the east. This is the shortest but steepest of the trails that connect to the Sky Rim Trail.

3.0/17.5 The almost perfect cone shape of Black Butte looms over the road to the east. Unlike most buttes, this is not a flat-topped mountain. Geologists call Black Butte an igneous intrusion. This means that it's made of rock that rose as a molten mass from deep within the earth, but stopped and crystallized before reaching the earth's surface. Since the overlying rocks eroded away, we can now see the intrusion. Black Butte's rock is about 50 million years old.

3.9/16.6 There's a tiny stream called Wickiup Creek here. A wickiup was a temporary shelter used by nomadic tribes of Native American Indians. A group of these hunting lodges stood near the stream here in the park's early days.

4.6/15.9 Specimen Creek Trailhead. This trail connects to the Sky Rim, High Lake, and Sportsman Lake trails. In spite of its name, this is not the best route to take to see petrified wood specimens. A ranger or local resident can best advise you on how to reach them. Remember that no samples may be removed from the park. Two easier ways to see petrified trees are by hiking from Yellowstone's northern approach road north of Gardiner, Montana, and at Petrified Tree near Tower-Roosevelt Junction.

To the east is Lightning Hill, so named when rangers from the now-razed ranger station near Wickiup Creek used to climb it to check for lightning-caused fires.

5.3/15.2 Road crosses the 45th parallel of latitude.

5.8/14.7 To the west, Snowslide Creek cascades into the Gallatin River in an area that's marshy except when the creek dries up in late summer. On the far side of the river along here, you can see remnants of the original road through Gallatin Canyon.

6.4/14.1 Terminal Monument Creek crossing. The strange name of this creek stems from a wooden post placed up the hill to the northeast that marks the northwest corner of the state of Wyoming.

7.5/13.0 Gallatin River Bridge.

8.8/11.7 Bacon Rind Creek Trail begins 0.3 mile (0.5 km) up the side road to the west. After the first 2.5 miles (4 km), the trail continues out of the park into the Lee Metcalf Wilderness. The century-old name Bacon Rind Creek may have reflected breakfast around the campfire or baiting bears by hanging bacon rind in a tree.

As you travel south, you begin to see the snags, standing burned trees left from the Fan fire of 1988.

9.1/11.4 Fawn Pass Trailhead. Fan Creek flows into the Gallatin from the northeast through a valley that nineteenth-century geologists thought looked like a large fan, because of its radiating minor valleys. Fawn Pass and Fan Creek Trails take hikers and riders into the southern expanses of the Gallatin Range. The 2016 Fawn Fire burned many acres about 5 miles (8 km) in on the Fawn Pass Trail.

To see an undisturbed, beautiful mountain valley, you might follow the start of the Fan Creek Trail for about 2 miles (3 km), turning northeast at the trail junction.

10.5/10.0 From this point south, we no longer follow the Gallatin River. The river flows west from its source, then turns north here and meanders through the flat floodplain that you've just traversed if traveling southward. This is also the Montana/Wyoming state line.

10. 9/9. 6 Bighorn Pass Trailhead. The sign indicates a short side road primarily for unloading horse trailers. The Bighorn Pass Trail follows the Gallatin River almost to its source at Gallatin Lake some 12 miles (19 km) away and 2,000 feet (610 m) up. Both the Bighorn Pass and Fawn Pass trails continue across the high mountains and all the way to the Grand Loop Road between Mammoth and Norris. Looking east up the Gallatin River here, you see Bannock Peak (10,332 ft / 3,149 m), with Quadrant Mountain (10,213 ft / 3,113 m) behind it.

In the 1920s, citizens and Milwaukee Road officials were eyeing the Bighorn Pass Trail route as an attractive place to build a road or a railroad. We must thank the first director of the National Park Service (NPS), Stephen Mather, and Yellowstone Park Superintendent Horace Albright for their foresight in objecting to these plans. Long before designated wilderness areas were thought of, Mather wrote to Albright: "We must keep a large area of Yellowstone in a state of untouched wildness if we are to be faithful to our trust as protectors of the wild life with which the park abounds." The road was not built, nor was the railroad company even allowed to conduct a survey.

12. 0/8. 5 Divide Lake, at an elevation of about 7,250 feet (2,210 m), takes its name from the fact that water flows from this vicinity into two different watersheds. To the north all streams flow to the Gallatin River, while to the south they flow to the Madison River. These rivers (along with the Jefferson River) join to form the Missouri River, and their waters eventually flow to the Atlantic Ocean.

14. 0/6. 5 Pass Creek and Grayling Creek join here. U.S. 191 parallels Grayling Creek until that creek's southern exit from the park, crossing it three or four times. The old road crossed the creek even more times, to avoid having to excavate the sidehills.

The road skirts a severely burned area at the northwestern reach of the 1988 North Fork fire.

20. 3/0. 2 Tepee Creek crossing.

20. 5/0. 0 Yellowstone National Park boundary. Here U.S. 191 leaves the park.


From Outside the Park Boundary to West Yellowstone

From here U.S. 191 descends into the valley of the Madison River and reaches the town of West Yellowstone and the West Entrance in about 11 miles (18 km). Off to the west and southwest, you may see parts of the Snowcrest, Centennial, and Henry's Lake Ranges beyond Hebgen Lake. To the east is the high but relatively flat and tree-covered Yellowstone Plateau.

At 1.4 miles (2.3 km) outside the park boundary and about 9.5 miles (15 km) north of West Yellowstone is the parking area for the Gneiss Creek Trailhead, next to the private Fir Ridge Cemetery road. This long trail is described from the other end at mile 7.6/6.3 on the West Entrance Road.

At the nearby junction with U.S. 287, you can take a side trip of less than 20 miles (32 km) to visit Hebgen Lake and Quake Lake, where you can see a remarkable landslide and learn about the devastating earthquake of 1959.

In 8 miles (13 km) more on U.S. 191, you pass entrances to two Forest Service campgrounds and a private one, Yellowstone Airport, and a Forest Service ranger station before entering West Yellowstone.

Motels, hotels, and other tourist facilities are available throughout the year in the town of West Yellowstone. It's possible to travel by public bus between West Yellowstone and Bozeman, the only regularly scheduled public bus connection between one of the gateway communities and a larger city.

In winter, you can arrange snow-coach transportation from West Yellowstone to Old Faithful Village through the park concessionaire and several other companies. A snowcoach can carry 10 to 12 people in relative comfort over unplowed roads. In addition to serving as a starting point for snowcoaches, West Yellowstone is a major center for snowmobile rental.

West Yellowstone's first post office was established as Riverside in 1908, but the town soon changed its name to Yellowstone, Montana. This proved confusing, so in 1920 the name became West Yellowstone; locals now simply call it West.

Before 1908 the Union Pacific Railroad reached only to Idaho Falls, and visitors to the park traveled a day or more by stagecoach to reach the West Entrance. From that year until 1961, the U.P.'s Oregon Short Line served the town and this entrance to Yellowstone.

The former railroad station is now The Museum of the Yellowstone, featuring railroad history and exhibits about wildlife, the Hebgen Lake earthquake, and the 1988 fires. Another West Yellowstone attraction is the nonprofit Grizzly & Wolf Discovery Center, currently home to seven grizzlies and eight gray wolves. These attractions are on or close to Yellowstone Avenue, the town's main street leading into the park, and both host park ranger programs in the summer. Also just outside the park entrance is the West Yellowstone Visitor Information Center.

Riverside Trail (primarily a ski trail) enters the park from the eastern edge of town. The 2016 Maple Fire burned 66 square miles (170 km) inside the park and threatened the town.


From the West Entrance to Madison Junction

The West Entrance is the most popular way to enter Yellowstone, welcoming over 3,000 visitors each day in the summer months. In fact, it's second only to Grand Canyon National Park's South Rim as a busy national park entrance.

From West Yellowstone, this entrance road passes through stands of lodge-pole pine, burned in the devastating 1988 North Fork fire but now largely re-grown. The Madison River is tepid all winter from geothermal runoff, which prevents ice from forming and provides habitat for the rare and beautiful trumpeter swan, which you may see here, especially in winter. There's also a strong possibility of seeing elk or bison.

The route you follow by taking this entrance road approximates that used by early-day trappers, Native American Indians, and some would-be gold miners. No gold in minable quantities was ever discovered within what is now the park. Stagecoach lines used this route to bring visitors into the new national park from 1880 until 1917, when buses and cars replaced stagecoaches completely.

It's about 14 miles (22 km) from the West Entrance to Madison Junction and the Grand Loop Road.


Road Log

NOTE: There are several very short side roads along this entrance road. The mileage for such roads is given at approximately the midpoint between the two ways to enter the loop.

0.0/13.9 Yellowstone National Park boundary.

0.1/13.8 West Entrance station, built in 2008. Stop here to pay the entrance fee (see the Travel Tips for fee information). To the south is a new regional ranger headquarters. The restroom is just outside the entrance station.

This area housed the offices and warehouses of Hamilton Stores until 2003, when Delaware North Companies took them over while becoming the retail concessionaire. Charles A. Hamilton purchased his first store at Upper Geyser Basin in 1915 and expanded his business to 14 stores, the longest-lasting concession in the national park system.

0.7/13.2 Unmarked gravel road to the north leads to Madison River fishing access about 1.3 miles (2 km) away; fly fishing only. Over the years, this large meadow has been called Riverside and the Barns (for extensive horse barns here in the early years, later used by park buses). Stagecoach drivers one hundred years ago dubbed this area Christmas

Tree Park, because a very old forest fire burn had been overgrown by a new forest of uniform lodgepoles.


(Continues...)

Excerpted from Yellowstone Treasures by Janet Chapple. Copyright © 2017 Janet Chapple. Excerpted by permission of Granite Peak Publications.
All rights reserved. No part of this excerpt may be reproduced or reprinted without permission in writing from the publisher.
Excerpts are provided by Dial-A-Book Inc. solely for the personal use of visitors to this web site.

Table of Contents

Preface 10

Acknowledgments 12

Introduction 13

Key to the Park Roads 13

When Is the Best Time to Visit? 15

Key to Symbols 17

Best Sights of Yellowstone 19

The Approaches to Yellowstone 21

Key to the Approach Roads 22

Road Logs and Destinations

I Northwestern Section 25

Approaches to the West Entrance 25

From the West Entrance to Madison Junction 35

From Madison Junction to Old Faithful Village 43

Old Faithful Village 69

Upper Geyser Basin 76

From Old Faithful Village to West Thumb Junction 101

Cascade Corner 108

III Southern Section 113

Approaches to the South Entrance 113

From the South Entrance to West Thumb Junction 123

Facilities at Grant Village 128

From West Thumb Junction to Fishing Bridge Junction 132

West Thumb 132

Facilities at Lake Village 144

IV Eastern Section 149

From Cody to the East Entrance 149

From the East Entrance to Fishing Bridge Junction 157

Facilities at Fishing Bridge Village 164

From Fishing Bridge Junction to Canyon Junction 167

Facilities at Canyon Village 182

V Northeastern Section 185

Approaches to the Northeast Entrance 185

From the Northeast Entrance to Tower-Roosevelt Junction 195

From Tower junction to Canyon Junction 209

From Canyon Junction to Norris Junction 220

Norris Geyser Basin 224

VI Northern Section 238

From Livingston to the North Entrance 238

From the North Entrance to Mammoth Hot Springs Junction 245

Facilities at Mammoth Village 251

From Mammoth Junction to Norris Junction 263

From Norris Junction to Madison Junction 280

From Mammoth Junction to Tower Junction 287

Natural and Human History

Geological History 297

Chronology: Yellowstone Since 1800 319

Living Things: A Yellowstone Sampler 330

TRAVEL TIPS 356

A to Z Information 356

Useful Contacts 361

Yellowstone Books and Maps 363

Facilities in Yellowstone 367

Campgrounds In Yellowstone 368

54 Recommended Short Walks 369

Glossary 372

Index 376

Driving Distances 398

Maps

Yellowstone National Park 2-3

Key to the Park Roads 13

Key to the Approach Roads 22

Approaches to the West Entrance 26

West Entrance to Madison Junction 34

Madison Junction to Old Faithful Village 42

Fountain Paint Pot Loop 51

Old Faithful Village 70

Upper Geyser Basin 79

Old Faithful Village to West Thumb Junction 100

Cascade Corner and Environs 109

Approaches to the South Entrance 114

South Entrance to West Thumb Junction 122

Approximate Locations of Yellow-stone Plateaus 125

Grant Village 129

The Nine Large 1988 Fires in and near the Park 131

West Thumb Junction to Fishing Bridge Junction 133

West Thumb Geyser Basin 135

Lake Village 144

Eastern Section 150

East Entrance to Fishing Bridge Junction 156

Fishing Bridge Junction to Canyon Junction 166

Canyon Area: Village and Falls 174

Northeastern Section 184

Northeast Entrance to Tower-Roosevelt Junction 196

Tower-Roosevelt Junction to Canyon Junction 210

Canyon Junction to Norris Junction 221

Norris Geyser Basin 225

Approach to the North Entrance 239

North Entrance to Swan Lake Flat 244

Mammoth Village 252

Mammoth Hot Springs Terraces 259

Swan Lake Flat to Norris Junction 271

Norris Junction to Madison Junction 281

Mammoth Hot Springs Junction to Tower-Roosevelt Junction 286

Geological Points of Interest in and near Yellowstone 296

Geological Setting of Yellowstone Park 300

Three Yellowstone Ecosystems 333

Geological Figures

1 Cross section of the edge of the Yellowstone Caldera 41

2 How does a geyser work? 85

3 The Continental Divide 105

4 Cross sections showing the formation of the Teton Range 119

5 Plate tectonics and the Yellowstone hot spot 302

6 Cross sections showing evolution of the Yellowstone Caldera event cycle 306

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