Youmans Neurological Surgery: 4-Volume Set / Edition 5

Youmans Neurological Surgery: 4-Volume Set / Edition 5

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Elsevier Health Sciences

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Youmans Neurological Surgery: 4-Volume Set / Edition 5

This four-volume set is a comprehensive guide to the diagnosis and management of neurosurgical problems, signs and symptoms, diagnostic methods, prognoses, and cutting-edge operative techniques, as well as anatomy and physiology. This 5th Edition is reorganized to follow a more logical and modern approach. "There is no doubt that Neurological Surgery is the grand dame of the major neurosurgical textbooks...and is recommended without hesitation."—JAMA, review of previous edition.

• Neurological Surgery is still a definitive source of advice and information on neurosurgical disorders covering every aspect as well as surgical techniques.
• The scope of coverage consists of history, basic science, patient evaluation and surgical techniques and considerations.
• New topics includes ¡V
• A major revision team comprised from two editors—an experienced veteran of the field and an emerging talent—have extensively revised this new edition.
• Winn provides detailed underlying scientific basis for the etiology, pathopysiology and diagnosis of neurosurgical disease.

• The text has been completely reorganized for more convenient reference. For each major area of neurological surgery, it explores general and historical considerations · basic science topics · and specific approaches to patient evaluation, followed by surgical considerations and techniques for the full range of individual pathologic entities.
• Brand new chapters are indicated by asterisks on the attached Table of Contents.
• A brand-new team of nationally renowned editors and contributors, led by H. Richard Winn, provides new expertise and fresh perspectives.

Also available as a multimedia e-dition! See Companion Products for more information.

Product Details

ISBN-13: 9780721682914
Publisher: Elsevier Health Sciences
Publication date: 10/10/2003
Edition description: 4 Vol. Set
Pages: 6016
Product dimensions: 9.20(w) x 11.20(h) x 10.50(d)

Table of Contents

Section Editor: Michel Kliot
Part 1. Basic Science for the Neurological Surgeon—Overview

1. Surgical Anatomy of the Brain
2. Embryology and Genetics
3. Neurons, Oligodendrocytes and Microglia
4. Astrocytes
5. Brain Metabolism and Neurochemistry (Pathophysiology of Ischemia)
6. Blood—Brain Barrier
7. Physiology of the Cerebrospinal Fluid and Intracranial Pressure
8. Cellular and Molecular/ Mechanism Involved in the Injury and Recovery of the Nervous System
9. Electrophysiology of the Nervous System
10. Epidemiology–Outcome Assessment
Part 2. Approach to the Patient
11. History and Physical Examination
12. Stupor and Coma
13. Neuro-Ophthalmology
14. Neuro-Otology
15. Neuro-Urology
16. Neuropyschological Assessment of the Neurosurgical Patient
17. Brain Death
18. Legal Considerations for the Neurosurgeon
Part 3. Fundamentals of Radiology

19. Radiology of Skull
20. MRI of Brain
21. Molecular Imaging of the Brain with Positron Emission
22. Radiology of Spine
Part 4. Perioperative Evaluation and Treatment

23. Anesthesia: Preoperative Evaluation: Pulmonary
24. Complications and Their Avoidance
Part 5. Surgical Exposures and Positioning

25. General Principles/Positioning
26. Surgical Positioning and Exposures for Cranial Procedures
27. Spinal and Plexus
28. Peripheral Nerves
Section Editors: Henry Brem & Raymond Sawaya
Part 1. Overview
29. General Considerations and Historical Considerations
Part 2. Basic Science of Neuro-Oncology
30. Pathology of Central Nervous System Tumors
31. Basic Principles of Central Nervous System Immunology
32. Proliferation Markers in the Evaluation of Gliomas
33. Molecular Genetics and the Development of Targets for Glioma Therapy
34. Growth Factors and Brain Tumors
35. Tumor Suppresser Genes and the Genesis of Brain Tumors
36. Molecular and Cytogenetic Techniques
37. Invasion in Malignant Glioma
38. Angiogenesis and Brain Tumors
39. Brain Edema and Tumor-Host Interactions
40. Brain Tumors: Population-Based Epidemiology, Environmental Risk Factors, and Genetic and Hereditary Syndromes
41. Principles of Gene Therapy
Part 3. Approach to the Patient: Medical Considerations
42. Clinical Features: Neurology of Brain Tumor and Paraneoplastic Disorders
43. Radiologic Features of CNS Tumors
44. Endovascular Techniques for Brain Tumors
45. Brain Tumor during Pregnancy
46. Principles of Chemotherapy
47. Principles of Immunobiology and Immunotherapy
Part 4. Surgical Considerations
48. Basic Principles of Cranial Surgery for Brain Tumors
49. Basic Principles of Skull Base Surgery
50. Surgical Complications and Their Avoidance
51. Image-Guided Surgery Techniques
Part 5. Intrinsic Tumors
52. Low Grade Gliomas: Astrocytoma, Oligodendroglioma and Mixed Gliomas
53. High Grade Gliomas: Anaplastic Astrocytoma, Anaplastic Oligodendroglioma and Glioblastoma
54. Unusual Gliomas
55. Primitive Neuro Ectodermal Tumors
56. Pineal Tumors (including Pineocytoma, Pineoblastoma, Germinoma, and Non-Germinomatous Pineal Tumors)
57. Medulloblastoma
58. Ependymoma
59. Hemangioblastoma
60. Cerebral Lymphoma
61. Metastatic Brain Tumors
Part 6. Extrinsic Tumors
62. Meningiomas
63. Hemangiopericytoma
64. Meningeal Sarcoma
65. Acoustic Neuromas
66. Pituitary Tumors: Functioning, Non-functioning
67. Craniopharyngioma (Adult)
68. Dermoid/Epidermoid/Neurenteric Cysts
69. Neoplastic Meningitis: Diagnosis and Treatment
Part 7. Ventricular Tumors
70. Ventricular Tumors
Part 8. Skull and Skull Base Tumors
71. Skull and Skull Base Tumors
72. Chordoma – Chondrosarcoma
73. Glomus Jugular/Vagale
74. Paranasal Sinus Carcinoma
75. Esthesio-Neuroblastoma
76. Trigeminal Schwannomas
77. Juvenile Angiofibroma
78. Osseous Tumors
79. Orbital Tumors
80. Skull Tumors
81. Scalp Tumors
Part 9. Non-Neoplastic Disorders Mimicking Brain Tumors
82. Pseudo Tumor Cerebri
83. Sarcoidosis, Tuberculosis, and Xanthogranulomas
84. Multiple Sclerosis
Section Editors: Robert F. Spetzler & Fredric B. Meyer
Part 1. Overview
85. General and Historical Considerations
Part 2. Basic Science
86. Cerebral Blood Flow and Metabolism
Part 3. Approach to the Patient
87. Medical Management of Ischemic Disease and Stroke
Part 4. Anesthesia for Neurovascular Procedures
88. Anesthesia in Cerebrovascular Disease
89. Intraoperative Cerebral Protection
90. Techniques for Deep Hypnothermic Circulatory Arrest
Part 5. Vascular and Blood Flow Evaluations
91. Transcranial Doppler Ultrasonography
92. Neurosonology
93. CT Xenon
94. Magnetic Resonance Angiography
95. PET in Cerebrovascular Disease
Part 6. Occlusive Vascular Disease
96. Carotid Occlusive Disease – Natural History and Medical Management
97. Carotid Endarterectomy
98. Carotid Angioplasty and Stenting/Interventional Treatment of Occlusive Vascular Disease
99. Recurrent Carotid Stenosis
100. Traumatic Carotid Injury
101. Nonatherosclerotic Carotid Lesions (Carotid Body Tumor, Fibromuscular Dysplasia, Aneurysm, Dissection, RoRX)
102. Extracranial Vertebral Artery Disease
103. Intracranial Occlusive Disease, Moyamoya
104. Cerebral Venous and Sinus Thrombosis
Part 7. Intracerebral Hemmorrhage
105. Intracerebral Hemorrhage (Non-aneurysmal/Non-AVM)
Part 8. Hemorrhagic Vascular Disease: Aneurysms
106. Genetics of Intracranial Aneurysms
107. Surgical Decision Making for Treatment of Cerebral Aneurysms
108. Perioperative Management of Subarachnoid Hemorrhage
109. Cerebral Vasospasm and Its Treatment
110. Surgical Approaches for Anterior Circulation Aneurysms
111. Cavernous Carotid Aneurysms/Paraclinoid Carotid Aneurysms
112. Intracranial Internal Carotid Artery Aneurysms
113. Anterior Communicating and ACA Aneurysms
114. Distal Anterior Cerebral Artery Aneurysms
115. Middle Cerebral Artery Aneurysms
116. Surgical Approaches for Posterior Circulation Aneurysms
117. Vertebral Artery, Posterior Inferior Cerebellar Artery and Vertebrobasilar Junction Aneurysms
118. Basilar Trunk Aneurysms
119. Basilar Caput and PCA Aneurysms
120. Endovascular Treatment of Aneurysms
121. Giant Aneurysms
122. Mycotoic Aneurysms
123. Revascularization Techniques for Complex Aneurysms and Skull Base Tumors
124. Multimodality Management of Complex Vascular Lesions
125. Traumatic Aneurysms
Part 9. True Arteriovenous Malformations
126. Hemorrhagic Disease: Arteriovenous Malformation
127. Natural History
128. Classification and Decision-Making in Treatment/Perioperative Management, Including Surgical/Radiosurgical Decision
129. Endovascular Management of Arteriovenous Malformations
130. Embolization of Arteriovenous Malformations as a Primary Treatment Modality
131. Surgical Management of Supratentorial Arteriovenous Malformation
132. Surgical Management of Infratentorial Arteriovenous Malformation
133. Surgical and Radiosurgical Management of Giant Arteriovenous Malformation
134. Treatment of Lateral-sigmoid and Sagittal Sinus Dural Arterovenous Malformations
Part 10 Cavernous Malformations
135. Epidemiology and Natural History of Cavernous Malformations
136. Genetics of Cerebral Cavernous Malformations
137. Surgical Management of Supratentorial Cavernous Malformations
138. Infratentorial Cavernous Malformations
139. Indirect and Direct Treatment of Cavernous Carotid Fistulas
Part 11 Spinal Arteriovenous Malformations
140. Classification of Spinal Cord Vascular Lesions
141. Endovascular Treatment of Spinal Vascular Malformations
142. Spinal Arteriovenous Malformations
Part 12 Pregnancy and Treatment of Vascular Disease
143. Pregnancy and Treatment of Vascular Disease
Section Editor: Daniel L. Silbergeld
Part 1. Overview
144. General and Historical Considerations
145. Basic Science of Epilepsy: The Electrophysiology, Excitable Brain; Cortical Physiology
146. Approaches to the Diagnosis and Classification of Epilepsy
147. Anti-epileptic Medications: Principles of Clinical Use
Part 2. Preoperative Evaluation
for Epilepsy Surgery
149. CT & MR
150. The Intracarotid Amobarbital Procedure or WADA Procedure
151. Functional MRI
152. Identification of Candidates for Epilepsy Surgery
Part 3. Intraoperative Mapping and Monitoring
for Cortical Resections
153. SSEP, Motor, Language, Sensory
154. Vision
Part 4. Specific Operative Approaches
155. Invasive Monitoring (Depth Electrodes, Subdural Electrodes and Epidural Electrodes)
156. Outcome and Complications
157. Surgery for Extratemporal Lobe Epilepsy
158. Standard Temporal Lobectomy
159. Tailored Resections Using Intraoperative Electrocorticography
160. Topectomy: Uses and Indications
161. Multiple Subpial Transections: Uses and Indications
162. Vagus Nerve Stimulation
Section Editors: Kim J. Burchiel & Roy A.E. Bakay
Part 1. Overview
163. History of Functional Neurosurgery
Part 2. Movement Disorders: Basic Science
164. Rationale for Surgical Intervention in Movement Disorders
165. Anatomy and Connection of the Basal Ganglia and Thalamus
166. Neuropathology of Movement Disorders
Part 3. Approach to the Patient and the Diagnosis
167. Approach to the Patient and Treatment of Movement Disorder
168. Pre-operative Evaluation and Anatomical Localization Techniques for Movement Disorders
169. PET Scanning in Movement Disorders
Part 4. Movement Disorders: Ablative Surgery of Movement Disorders
170. Thalamotomy for Parkinson’s Disease
171. Pallidotomy for Movement Disorders
172. Dystonia
173. Deep Brain Stimulation for Movement Disorders
174. Central Nervous System Transplantation
175. Affective Disorders
Part 5. Spasticity
176. Ablative Surgery of Spasticity
177. Intrathecal Drug Infusion for Spasticity
178. Torticollis
179. Intractable Vertigo–Surgical Ablation
Section Editors: Kim J. Burchiel & Roy A.E. Bakay
Part 1. Overview
180. General and Historical Considerations
Part 2. Basic Science
181. Basic Science: Physiological Anatomy of Pain
Part 3. Approach to the Patient
182. Approach to the Patient
183. Medical Management of Chronic Pain
184. Management of Pain by Anesthetic Techniques
Part 4. Trigeminal Neuralgia
185. Diagnosis/Nonoperative Management
186. Percutaneous Techniques
187. Microvascular Decompression Trigeminal Nerve for Tic Douloureux
188. Alternative Surgical Treatments for Trigeminal Neuralgia
Part 5. Surgical Treatment of Pain
189. Neurosurgical Management of Intractable Pain
190. Dorsal Rhizotomy/Dorsal RootGanglionectomy
191. Dorsal Root Entry Zone Lesions for Pain
192. Cordotomy for Pain
193. Brain Stem Procedures for Management of Pain
194. Caudalis Nucleus DREZ for Pain
195. Sympathectomy for Pain
196. Spinal Cord and Peripheral Nerve Stimulation
197. Deep Brain Stimulation
198. Neurosurgical Management of Intractable Pain: Intrathecal Drug Infusion
Section Editors: T.S. Park & R. Michael Scott
Part 1. Overview
199. General and Historical Considerations
200. Approach to the Patient
201. Neuroanesthesia in Children
Part 2. Developmental and Acquired Anomalies
202. Encephaloceles
203. Myelomeningocele and Myelocystocele
204. Lipomyelomeningocele
205. Tethered Spinal Cord
206. Occult Spinal Dysraphism
207. Dandy Walker Malformation
208. Arachnoid Cysts
Part 3. Craniosynostosis, Chiari Malformation, and Achondroplasia
209. Nonsyndromic Craniosynostosis and Abnormalities of Head Shape
210. Syndromic Craniosynostosis
211. Developmental Craniovertebral Anomolies
212. Chiari Malformation
213. Achondroplasia and Other Dwarfism
Part 4. Hydrocephalus
214. Physiology of CSF Shunt Devices
215. Hydrocephalus in Children: Etiology, Pathogenesis, and Surgical Treatment, Complication (Excluding Shunt Infection)
216. Posthemorrhagic Hydrocephalus
217. Shunt Infection
218. Neuroendoscopy
Part 5. Vascular Disease
219. Vein of Galen Aneurysm
220. Arteriovenous Malformations and Aneurysms in Children
Part 6. Trauma: Head and Brain
221. Mild Head Injury in Children including Skull Fracture and Growing Fracture
222. Moderate and Severe Head Injury in Children
Part 7. Trauma: Birth Trauma
223. Birth Head Trauma
224. Brachial Plexus Injury
225. Child Abuse
226. Spinal Cord and Spine Injury
Part 8. Benign Spine Lesions
227. Intervertebral Disc Diseases in Children
228. Spondylolysis Spondylothesis
229. Benign Tumors of the Vertebral Column
Part 9. Tumors
230. Optic Pathway and Hypothalamic Gliomas in Children
231. Intracranial Germ Cell Tumors
232. Choroid Plexus Tumors
233. Ependymoma
234. Medulloblastoma
235. Cerebellar Astrocytomas in Children
236. Brainstem Gliomas
237. Craniophayngiomas
238. Pediatric Cerebral Hemispheric Tumors
239. Brain Tumors of Abnormal Embryogenesis
240. Intraspinal Tumors in Infants and Children
241. Benign Tumor of the Skull, Including Fibrous Dysplasia
Part 10. Cerebral Palsy and Other Spastic Entities
242. Cerebral Palsy: An Overview
243. Dorsal Rhizotomy
244. Intrathecal Baclofen Infusion
Part 11. Surgical Treatment of Epilepsy in Children
245. Surgical Candidates and Presurgical Evaluation
246. Temporal and Extratemporal Lobe Resections for Childhood Intractable Epilepsy
Part 12. Rehabilitation
247. Pediatric Neurorehabilitation
Section Editor: Michel Kliot
Part 1. Overview
248. Overview: General Principles and their Clinical Application
249. History of Peripheral Nerve Surgery
Part 2. Basic Science
250. Basic Science of Peripheral Nerves: Anatomy and Electrophysiology
Part 3. Approach to the Patient
251. Approach to the Patient
252. Peripheral Neuopathies
253. Electrodiagnostic Evaluation of Peripheral Nerves: EMG, SSEP, NAP
254. MR Neurography
Part 4. Management of Peripheral Nerve Injuries
255. CTS
256. Ulnar Nerve Entrapment at Elbow
257. Other Entrapments
258. Management of Peripheral Nerve Tumors
259. Diagnostic Biopsy of Peripheral Nerves and Muscle
260. Management of Acute Peripheral Nerve Injuries
Section Editors: L. Dade Lunsford & William A. Friedman
Part 1. Overview
261. General and Historical Considerations of Radiation Therapy and Radiosurgery
Part 2. Basic Science of Radiation Therapy
262. Radiobiology
263. Principles of Radiation Therapy
Part 3. Fractionated Radiation Therapy
264. Malignant Brain Tumors
265. Benign Skull Base Tumors
266. Fractionated Radiotherapy for Pituitary Tumors
267. Radiation Therapy of Tumors of the Spine
268. Radiosurgery of Tumors
269. Radiosurgery of Vascular Malformations
270. Functional Radiosurgery
271. Interstitial and Intracavitary Irradiation of Brain Tumors
Part 4. Techniques of Radiosurgery
272. Linac Radiosurgery
273. Gamma Knife Radiosurgery
274. Proton radiosurgery
275. Radiosurgery – Developing Technology: Fractionated Stereotactic Radiation, Extracranial Stereotactic Radiation, Intensity Modulation, Multileaf Collimators
Editors: Volker K.H. Sonntag & Dennis G. Vollmer
Part 1. Overview
276. General and Historical Considerations
Part 2. Basic Science
277. Biological Strategies of Central Nervous System Repair
278. Concepts and Mechanisms of Biomechanics
279. Electroencephalography of the Spinal Cord/Intraoperative Electrophysiologic Monitoring of the Spinal Cord
280. Bone Metabolism as It Relates to Spinal Disease and Treatment
281. Embryology of the Spinal Cord and Vertebral Column
Part 3. Approach to the Patient
282. Approach to the Patient and Medical Management
283. Evaluation and Management of the Failed Back Syndrome
284. Metabolic and Other Nondegenerative Causes of Low Back Pain
Part 4. Infections
285. Bacterial Infections of the Spinal Column and Cord
Part 5. Degenerative Disease
286. Treatment of Disc and Ligamentous Diseases of the Cervical Cord
287. Posterior Approach
288. Anterior Approach Including Corpectomy
289. Cervical Spondylotic Myelopathy
290. Spondyloarthropathies, Including Ankylosing Spondylitis
291. Ossification of the Posterior Longitudinal Ligament and Other Enthesopathies
292. Benign Extradural Lesions of the Dorsal Spine (i.e., Thoracic Disc)
293. Treatment of Disc Disease of the Lumbar Spine
294. Lumbar Spinal Stenosis
295. Spondylolysis and Spondylolisthesis and Degenerative Deformity of the Lumbar Spine
296. Adult Thoracolumbar Scoliosis
Part 6. Adult Congenital Abnormalities
297. Acquired Abnormalities of the Craniocervical Junction
Part 7. Techniques
298. Basic Principles of Spinal Internal Fixation
299. Technical Aspects of Bone Graft Harvest and Spine Fusions
300. Biology of Bone Grafting and Healing in Spinal Surgery
Part 8. Instrumentation
301. Anterior Cervical Instrumentation
302. Posterior Cervical Instrumentation
303. Occipital-Cervical Fusion
304. Anterior Thoracic Instrumentation
305. Posterior Thoracic Instrumentation
306. Anterior Lumbar Instrumentation
307.. Posterior Lumbar Instrumentation
308. Frameless Stereotactic Applications in the Spine
309. Thoracoscopic Approaches to the Spine
310. Intradiscal and Percutaneous Treatment of Lumbar Disc Disease
Part 9. Tumors of the Spine
311. Tumors of the Craniovertebral Junction
312. Spinal Cord Tumors in Adults
313. Tumors of the Vertebral Axis: Benign, Primary Malignant, and Metastatic Tumors
Part 10. Spine Trauma
314. Approach to the Patient/Diagnostic Evaluation
315. Cervical Spine Trauma and Spinal Cord Injuries: General Approach and Consideration
316. Hypertension and Hyperflexion Injuries of the Cervical Spine
317. Treatment of Occipital C1 Injury
318. Treatment of Axis Injuries
319. Management of Thoracic Spine Fractures
320. Management of Thorocolumbar and Lumbar Spine Injuries
321. Sacral Fractures
Section Editors: Lawrence F. Marshall & M. Sean Grady
Part 1. Overview
322. General and Historical Considerations (Introduction)
Part 2. Basic Science (Biology of Brain Injury)
323. Cellular Basis of Injury and Recovery from Trauma
324. Clinical Pathophysiology of Traumatic Brain Injury
Part 3. Minor Head Injury
325. Mild Head Injury in Adults
Part 4. Moderate and Severe Traumatic Brain Injury
326. Initial Resuscitation/Patient Evaluation
327. Critical Care
328. Surgical Management of Traumatic Brain Injury
329. Sequelae of Traumatic Brain Injury
330. Vascular Injury
331. Bullet Wounds to the Brain Among Civilians
332. Craniofacial Trauma
333. CSF Fistulae
334. Diagnosis and Management of Seventh & Eighth Cranial Nerve Injuries due to Temporal Bone Fractures
Part 5. Rehabilitation
335. Rehabilitation and PrognosisAfter Traumatic Brain Injury

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