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Your Body's Red Light Warning Signals, revised edition
Medical Tips That May Save Your Life
By Jack Birge
Copyright © 2008
All right reserved.
MEDICAL TIPS THAT CAN SAVE YOUR LIFE:
People do not always know when it is urgent for them to see a doctor or to get a child, friend, or loved one to the doctor. They don't know whether to go to the emergency room or to make an appointment with their primary care doctor or a specialist. Aches and pains, lumps and bumps–when are they potentially life-threatening? When is it crucial to get to a doctor within the next few days, hours, or even minutes? Is it safe to drive or is an ambulance needed? Whatever your circumstances, whether you are single, pregnant, a parent, or a child, these are important medical facts you need to know. . . . They can save lives.
Doctors are saddened and frustrated when a patient dies because he or she did not get the appropriate medical attention in time. This book is written as a quick reference guide for you to use when you or your loved ones have a new symptom or a visible body change. Its goal is to save lives by getting you to the right doctor before it is too late.
Whether you have blood in your urine, a stiff neck with a headache and fever, unequal pupils, or red specks in your fingernails, you need to know if these are warning signs of a life-threatening condition. We havehighlighted potential warning signs and symptoms to empower you with information about the most serious illnesses for which you may need to be evaluated. An informed person can advocate for him/herself and for loved ones so that the most serious medical ailments can be ruled out or treated expeditiously. The tips in this book are concise (a few paragraphs to a few pages) and easy to read. Scan through the book and get an overview of its content. Keep the book in an easily accessible spot in your home, and get in the habit of checking its pages whenever something unfamiliar happens with your body, or when a friend or relative complains of an ailment. Whenever possible these symptoms are listed in head-to-toe order in the Table of Red Light Warning Signals, so that you can find them easily. For your added convenience, there is also an alphabetical index at the back of the book.
We've also included sections in this book that highlight emergency life-saving measures to protect hospitalized patients from errors or subsequent illnesses, the basics of emergency first aid (Heimlich maneuver, CPR, and use of an AED), important preventive medical screenings at various stages of life, techniques for self-examinations (for breast and testicular cancers), and medical advice relating to thermometers and elevated temperatures.
Owning this book is almost like having a team of medical experts on your shelf. Make use of it; it may one day save your life or the life of a loved one.
HOW TO USE THIS BOOK
The First Tier of Health
Keeping healthy involves preventive maintenance as well as the ability to identify diseases early, when treatment is most effective. Taking care of your body is analogous to taking care of your car. The preventive measures for an automobile include regular oil changes, the maintenance of fluid levels, and tune-ups. The same goes for your body. Getting adequate exercise; eating a low-fat, high-fiber diet; getting immunized; and sticking to a mentally healthy lifestyle can keep your body humming smoothly. Just as you uncover potential problems with your car by checking the oil and the pressure in your tires, you should have your body checked to detect unsafe levels of blood pressure and cholesterol and early signs of cancer (a routine Pap smear and mammogram, sigmoidoscopic exam, and scan). Appendix C, at the back of the book, provides information on many of the routine screenings you can get to ensure that your body is running properly. In addition, Appendix B provides the instructions for performing a basic level of screening on yourself for certain ailments such as breast cancer and testicular cancer.
The Second Tier of Health
The majority of the material in this book addresses the second tier of maintaining your health: identifying your body’s red light warning signals. Responsible drivers keep an eye on their car's dashboard lights so that they will be able to address problems immediately. Repairing a leaking radiator or replacing an alternator can prevent the car from dying on the highway. Likewise, your body flashes signals–symptoms and signs–that can warn you of potential problems. If corrected early, you can remain healthy.
When something that you cannot identify goes wrong with your car, the owner's manual is a smart place to turn for information. This book is an easy-to-access, reader-friendly owner's manual that highlights many of the most common warning signals of your body.
In order to assemble the material in this book, we've mixed our own clinical experience–which adds up to more than 170,000 hours of patient care–with the advice of hundreds of health specialists. It is not possible to include a reference to every important symptom and sign, so you should always consult your doctor whenever you have a concern. However, we do hope that this book will help you articulate your problem to your doctor, particularly since the system of health-care delivery imposes so many limitations on your physician’s time.
Head to Toe
We have listed, by body part, many of your red light warning signals, starting from your head and going down to your toes.
If you have a suspicious symptom or find an abnormality on your body, simply look it up in our Table of Red Light Warning Signals by its location on your body. If the problem is not location-specific, refer to Part Two of the book, which covers warning signs associated with your entire body, such as fever or seizures. Part Three deals with pregnancy and post-pregnancy. Although Parts One and Two list signs and symptoms that can also apply to children or teens, Part Four addresses specific pediatric red lights. Like the tips in Part One, these pediatric tips are listed head to toe.
Most people keep the owner's manual for their car in the glove box or another special place where they can find it easily and quickly. Do the same with this book: Keep it in an easy-to-find location. Though we hope you will not need it, it might one day save your life–or the life of your child, a friend, or family member.
The one message we'd like to leave you with is: "Be aware!" Constant vigilance about your health can save you from pain and suffering by helping you avoid exposure to external factors that may make you sick or worsen a preexisting illness. For example, it will help you steer clear of dangers such as toxins released into the water by a leaking waste dump, too much or too little exposure to the sun, the consumption of certain foods and/or impure herbs, and overdoses or insufficiencies of vitamins. Another danger you need to be aware of is the possible side effects of medications. Since some medications may cause you to have an allergic reaction, and others interact dangerously when taken together, you need to be aware of the actions, side effects, and interactions of all of the medications you take. Make sure that you get patient package inserts from the drugstore and discuss your prescription (and nonprescription) medications with your doctor and pharmacist.
Awareness can also help you once you make it to the hospital. Once you're admitted, don't let yourself settle into a backseat role: Help prevent errors. Unfortunately, although patients go to the hospital to get better, errors made by the hospital's health team can sometimes result in serious complications or death. Part Five in this book gives specific advice on how to monitor your care when you are in the hospital.
The best way to prevent errors is to become proactive and monitor what is being done to you or to get a friend or relative to monitor your care and advocate for you. Remember: Even though you are already ill, you can still take measures to protect yourself and prevent your condition from worsening.
We've included an additional section that may come in handy. The two ultimate emergency signs are an inability to breathe and the heart stopping. In case you never took a course in CPR (cardiopulmonary resuscitation) or choking first aid (the Heimlich maneuver), consult Appendix A. You may have taken a course but forgotten the details of these life-saving actions. It's a quick read that may save a life. Read the section to a friend. Who knows? They may end up saving your life. . . a life definitely worth saving!
Excerpted from Your Body's Red Light Warning Signals, revised edition by Jack Birge Copyright © 2008 by Jack Birge. Excerpted by permission.
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