Pub. Date:
Johns Hopkins University Press
Zooplankton of the Atlantic and Gulf Coasts: A Guide to Their Identification and Ecology / Edition 2

Zooplankton of the Atlantic and Gulf Coasts: A Guide to Their Identification and Ecology / Edition 2

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Product Details

ISBN-13: 9781421406183
Publisher: Johns Hopkins University Press
Publication date: 11/15/2012
Edition description: second edition
Pages: 472
Sales rank: 1,098,191
Product dimensions: 6.20(w) x 9.20(h) x 3.80(d)
Age Range: 18 Years

About the Author

William S. Johnson is the Lillian Welsh Professor of biological sciences at Goucher College in Baltimore. Dennis M. Allen is director of the Baruch Marine Laboratory and research professor at the University of South Carolina.

Table of Contents

Preface ix

Acknowledgments xi

Introduction to Zooplankton 1

Adaptations to Planktonic Life 2

Feeding 2

Locomotion 5

Vertical Migrations and Selective Tidal Transport 5

Defense 6

Adaptations of Planktonic Larvae 7

Factors Affecting Zooplankton Distribution 9

Plankton Distribution and Ocean Currents 10

Coastal Waters 11

Thermoclines and Coastal Stratification: Invisible Boundaries 12

Cross-Shelf Transport to Nearshore and Estuarine Areas 13

Tides and Tidal Currents 14

Coastal Embayments 15

Salinity and Estuarine Stratification 16

Benthic Habitats and Zooplankton Distribution 17

Estuarine and Coastal Planktonic Food Webs 18

Primary Productivity 18

Planktonic Food Webs 19

The "Classic" Phytoplankton → Herbivore Food Web 19

The Microbial Loop 20

Food Web Dynamics 20

A Brief History of Zooplankton Research 22

Pioneers in Zooplankton Research 22

Collection Techniques: Old and New 24

Plankton Nets 24

Plankton Pumps, Traps, and New Technologies 26

Automated Plankton Samplers, Acoustic Technology, and Video Techniques 27

Zooplankton and Environmental Quality 27

Hypoxia 27

Harmful Algal Blooms 30

Invasive and Introduced Species 30

Climate Change 31

Suggested Readings 33

Identification and Biology of Common Zooplankton

How to Use This Book to Identify Zooplankton 45

Quick Picks 49

Phytoplanton 59

Protozooplankton 76

Cnidarians: Anemones, Jellyfishes, and Related Metazoans 84

Hydrozoans 85

Scyphozoans and Cubozoans 110

Ctenophores: Comb Jellies and Sea Walnuts 124

Rotifers 130

Cirripedes: Barnacle Larvae 136

Cladocerans and Ostracods 138

Copepods 148

Mysids: Opossum Shrimps 184

Amphipods, Isopods, Tanaidaceans, and Cumaceans 198

Decapods: Shrimps, Crabs, and Related Crustaceans 218

Stomatopods: Mantis Shrimps 262

Sea Spiders, Mites, and Insects 264

Annelids: Segmented Worms and Nematodes 267

Molluscs: Gastropods, Bivalves, and Cephalopods 278

Chaetognaths: Arrow Worms 290

Echinodrem Larvae: Starfishes and Sea Urchins 298

Less Common Ciliated Invertebrate Larvae 300

Lower Chordates: Larvaceans, Sea Squirts, Salps, Doliolids, and Lancelets 302

Fish Larvae 310


1 Collecting Zooplankton 351

2 Observing Zooplankton 356

3 Relaxing, Fixing, and Preserving Zooplankton 361

4 Sample Processing and Data Analysis 367

5 Regional Zooplankton Surveys 372

Glossary 383

Literature Cited 389

Index 441

What People are Saying About This

Julie Ambler

Johnson and Allen provide a much needed reference for students and biologists who need to learn zooplankton taxa. The descriptions and drawings are excellent: readers identifying organisms can immediately locate distinguishing characteristics and learn about geographic distributions. This is exactly what is needed for students of marine biology, marine ecology, estuarine ecology, invertebrate zoology, and biological oceanography.

Julie Ambler, Millersville University

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