Civilization in the West (To 1715) / Edition 7

Civilization in the West (To 1715) / Edition 7

by Mark Kishlansky, Patricia O'Brien, Patrick Geary

Civilization in the West blends social and political history with a myriad of maps and images that bring history to life.

The authors tell a compelling story of Western Civilization that is enhanced by images and maps. “The Visual Record” chapter openers draw readers in by using illustrations that underscore a

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Civilization in the West blends social and political history with a myriad of maps and images that bring history to life.

The authors tell a compelling story of Western Civilization that is enhanced by images and maps. “The Visual Record” chapter openers draw readers in by using illustrations that underscore a dominant theme of the chapter. New “Image Discovery” features guide readers to interrogate images, understand their contexts, and unpack their multiple meanings. The dramatic, changing contours of the West are explored through Map Discovery features and Geographical Tours of Europe.

Product Details

Publication date:
MyHistoryLab Series
Edition description:
New Edition
Sales rank:
Product dimensions:
8.48(w) x 10.75(h) x 0.74(d)

Table of Contents

Detailed Contents



Chronologies, Genealogies, and Figures



About the Authors


The Idea of Western Civilization 1

Chapter 1

The First Civilizations 3

The Visual Record:

Ötzi’s Last Meal: Tradition and Innovation in Prehistoric Europe

Before Civilization

The Dominance of Culture

Social Organization, Agriculture, and Religion

Mesopotamia : Between the Two Rivers

Map Discovery: The Ancient World

The Ramparts of Uruk

Tools: Technology and Writing

Gods and Mortals in Mesopotamia

Sargon and Mesopotamian Expansion

Hammurabi and the Old Babylonian Empire

The Gift of the Nile

Tending the Cattle of God

Democratization of the Afterlife

The Egyptian Empire

Map Discovery: The Egyptian Empire

Religious and Royal Consolidation Under Akhenaten

Between Two Worlds

The Hebrew Alternative

A King Like All the Nations


Nineveh and Babylon

The Assyrian Empire

The New Babylonian Empire

Persian Expansion

A Closer Look

Discovering the Pharaohs

The West and the Under World

The First European Immigrants


The Code of Hammurabi

A Homesick Egyptian

The Kingdom of Israel

Chapter 2

Early Greece, 2500—500 b.c.e.

The Visual Record:

Hecuba and Achilles: The Birth of Greek Civilization

Greece in the Bronze Age to 800 b.c.e.

Islands of Peace

Map Discovery: Greece in the Bronze Age

Mainland of War

The Dark Age

Archaic Greece, 800—500 b.c.e.

Ethnos and Polis 45

Map Discovery: Greek Cities and Colonies of the Archaic Age

Technology of Writing and Warfare

Colonists and Tyrants

Gender and Power

Gods and Mortals

Myth and Reason

Investigation and Speculation

Art and the Individual

A Tale of Three Cities

Wealthy Corinth

Martial Sparta

Democratic Athens

The Coming of Persia and the End of the Archaic Age

Map Discovery: The Persian Empire, ca. 500 b.c.e.

A Closer Look

The Agony of Athletics


The Race of Iron

Hector and Andromache

Two Faces of Tyranny

Image Discovery

A Revolution in War-fare

Chapter 3

Classical and Hellenistic Greece, 500—100 b.c.e.

The Visual Record:

Pericles Builds His Parthenon: Politics, Art, and Empire 66

Note: Each chapter ends with Questions for Review, Key Terms, Discovering Western Civilization Online, and Suggestions for Further Reading.

War and Politics in the Fifth Century b.c.e.

The Persian Wars

Thermopylae and Salamis

The Athenian Empire

Private and Public Life in Athens

Pericles and Athens

The Peloponnesian War

Map Discovery: The Delian League and the Peloponnesian War

Athenian Culture in the Hellenic Age

The Examined Life

Understanding the Past

Athenian Drama

Art and the Human Image

From City-States to Macedonian Empire, 404—323 b.c.e. 82

Politics After the Peloponnesian War

Philosophy and the Polis

The Rise of Macedon

Map Discovery: The Empire of Alexander the Great 87

The Empire of Alexander the Great 87

The Hellenistic World 89

Map Discovery: The Hellenistic Kingdoms 89

Urban Life and Culture 92

Women in Public Life 92

Alexandria 93

Hellenistic Literature 93

Architecture and Art 94

Hellenistic Philosophy 95

Mathematics and Science 98

Cultural Resistance 98

A Closer Look

Technology and Innovation

The West and the Wider World

Representing the Buddha: From Apollo to Christian Saint


The Two Faces of Athenian Democracy

The Unexamined Life Is Not Worth Leading

Greeks and Barbarians

Alexander Calls a Halt

Image Discovery

Chapter 4

Early Rome and the Roman Republic, 800—146 b.c.e.

The Visual Record:

Eternal Rome: From Village to Empire

The Western Mediterranean to 509 b.c.e.

Merchants of Baal

The Western Greeks

Map Discovery: Greek and Phoenician Colonies and Trade

Italy’s First Civilization

From City to Empire, 509—146 b.c.e. 109

Latin Rome

Etruscan Rome

Rome and Italy

Rome and the Mediterranean

Map Discovery: The Punic Wars

Republican Civilization

Farmers and Soldiers

The Roman Family

Social Effects of Expansion

Roman Religion

Republican Letters

The Crisis of Roman Virtue

A Closer Look

Hannibal’s Elephants


The Twelve Tables

Polybius Compares Rome and Carthage

Cato’s Slaves

Image Discovery

Casting a Vote

Chapter 5

Imperial Rome, 146 b.c.e.—192 c.e.

The Visual Record:

The Altar of Augustan Peace: The Making of the Roman Empire

The Price of Empire, 146—121 b.c.e.

Winners and Losers

Optimates and Populares

The End of the Republic

The Crisis of Government

Map Discovery: The Career of Julius Caesar

A Life Worth Leading

The Augustan Age and the Pax Romana 141

The Empire Renewed 141

Augustus’s Successors 146

Map Discovery: The Roman Empire, 14 and 117 c.e. 147

Religions from the East

Jewish Resistance 149

The Origins of Christianity

Geographical Tour:

A Tour of the Empire

The Western Provinces

The Eastern Provinces

The Culture of Antonine Rome

A Closer Look

A Day in the Pax Romana–Herculaneum 144

Image Discovery

Augustus’s Statue


The Reforms of Tiberius Gracchus

Cicero on Justice and Reason

Peter Announces the Good News

Chapter 6

The Transformation of the Classical World

The Visual Record:

A Bride’s Trousseau: The Synthesis of Christianity and the Classical Tradition

The Crisis of the Third Century

Enrich the Army and Scorn the Rest

An Empire on the Defensive

The Barbarian Menace

Roman Influence in the Barbarian World

The Empire Restored

Diocletian, the God-Emperor

Map Discovery: The Empire Under Diocletian

Constantine, the Emperor of God

The Triumph of Christianity

Imperial Christianity

Map Discovery: The Spread of Christianity

Divinity, Humanity, and Salvation

The Call of the Desert

Monastic Communities

Solitaries and Hermits

A Parting of the Ways

The Barbarization of the West

The New Barbarian Kingdoms

Map Discovery: Barbarian Migrations and Invasions

The Hellenization of the East

A Closer Look

The Stainless Star of Wisdom’s Discipline


Tacitus on the Germans

Religious Toleration and Persecution

Love in the Two Cities

Image Discovery Beholder:

In the Eye of the Jesus or Sun God?

Chapter 7

The Classical Legacy in the East: Byzantium and Islam

The Visual Record:

From Temple to Mosque: The Continuity of Civilization in the Eastern Mediterranean

The Byzantines

Justinian and the Creation of the Byzantine State

Emperors and Individuals

Map Discovery: Byzantine Empire Under Justinian

Families and Villages

A Foretaste of Heaven


The Rise of Islam

Arabia Before the Prophet

Muhammad, Prophet of God

The Triumph of Islam

The Spread of Islam

Map Discovery: The Spread of Islam

Authority and Government in Islam

Umayyad and ‘Abbasid Caliphates

Islamic Civilization

The Byzantine Apogee and Decline, 1000—1453

The Disintegration of the Empire

The Conquests of Constantinople and Baghdad

The West and the Wider World

Industrial Espionage in the Sixth Century


The Qur’an

An Arab’s View of Western Medicine

A Turkish Guest in Constantinople

An Arab in Crusader Jerusalem

Image Discovery

Haram al-Sharif, or The Dome of the Rock: Theology in Stone

Chapter 8

The West in the Early Middle Ages, 500—900

The Visual Record:

The Chapel at the Waters: The Western Empire Reborn

The Making of the Barbarian Kingdoms, 500—750

Italy: From Ostrogoths to Lombards

Map Discovery: The Barbarian Kingdoms, ca. 526

Visigothic Spain: Intolerance and Destruction

The Anglo-Saxons: From Pagan Conquerors to Christian Missionaries

The Franks: An Enduring Legacy

Living in the New Europe

Creating the European Peasantry

Rural Households

Creating the European Aristocracy

Aristocratic Lifestyle

Governing Europe

The Carolingian Achievement

Map Discovery: Charlemagne’s Empire, 814

Charlemagne and the Renewal of the West

The Carolingian Renaissance

Carolingian Government

Carolingian Art

Geographical Tour:

Europe in the Ninth Century



The Slavic World

Muslim Spain

After the Carolingians: From Empire to Lordships

Disintegration of the Empire

Map Discovery: The Division of Charlemagne’s Empire

Emergence of France and Germany


A Closer Look

The Jews in the Early Middle Ages


Two Missionaries

From Slave to Queen

Feuding in the Frankish Kingdom

Charlemagne and the Arts

Image Discovery

Equestrian Emperors

Chapter 9

The High Middle Ages

The Visual Record:

Harold, King of the English

The Countryside

The Peasantry: Serfs and Freemen

The Aristocracy: Warriors and Heiresses

The Church: Saints and Monks

Crusaders: Soldiers of God

Map Discovery: The Crusades

Medieval Towns

Italian Cities

Map Discovery: Medieval Trade Networks

Northern Towns

The Fairs of Champagne

Urban Intellectuals

The Invention of the State

The Universal States: Empire and Papacy

The Nation-States: France and England

A Closer Look

Cathedrals of Light


Visions Like a Flame

Pope Urban II Summons a Crusade

Saint Francis of Assisi on Humility and Poverty

The Great Charter

Image Discovery

Chapter 10

The Later Middle Ages, 1300—1500

The Visual Record:

Webs of Stone and Blood: European Civilization at the End of the Middle Ages

Politics as a Family Affair

The Struggle for Central Europe

Map Discovery: Central and Eastern Europe, ca. 1378

A Hundred Years of War

Life and Death in the Later Middle Ages

Dancing with Death

Map Discovery: Spread of the Black Death and Peasant Revolts

The Plague of Insurrection

Living and Dying in Medieval Towns

The Spirit of the Later Middle Ages

The Crisis of the Papacy

Map Discovery: The Great Schism

Discerning the Spirit of God

Heresy and Revolt

Religious Persecution in Spain

William of Ockham and the Spirit of Truth

Vernacular Literature and the Individual


The Black Death in Florence

A Woman Before the Inquisition


The West and the Wider World World Trade Centers

Image Discovery

Chapter 11

The Italian Renaissance

The Visual Record:

A Dining Al Fresco

Renaissance Society

The Urban Environment

Map Discovery: Largest Cities in Western Europe, ca. 1500

Production and Consumption

The Experience of Life

The Quality of Life

Renaissance Art

An Architect, a Sculptor, and a Painter

Renaissance Style


Renaissance Ideals

Humanists and the Liberal Arts

Renaissance Science

Machiavelli and Politics

The Politics of the Italian City-States

Map Discovery: Italy, 1494

The Five Powers

Venice: A Seaborne Empire

Florence: Spinning Cloth into Gold

The End of Italian Hegemony, 1450—1527

A Closer Look

The Fall of Constantinople


On the Family

The Renaissance Man

The Lion and the Fox

The Siege of Constantinople

Chapter 12

The European Empires

The Visual Record:

Astride the World: The Age of Monarchies

European Encounters

Africa and a Passage to India

Map Discovery: Portuguese Explorations

Mundus Novus

The Spanish Conquests

The Legacy of the Encounters

Map Discovery: Claims of Spain and Portugal to Overseas Empires

Image Discovery

Small box

Geographical Tour:

Europe in 1500: The Age of the New Monarchies

Boundaries of Eastern Europe

Central Europe

Western Europe

The Formation of States

Eastern Configurations

The Western Powers

Map Discovery: The Unification of France

The Dynastic Struggles

Power and Glory

The Italian Wars


A Momentous Discovery

The Halls of Montezuma

Last Words

The Kingdom of France

The West and the Wider World

The Columbian Exchange

Chapter 13

The Reform of Religion

The Visual Record:

Sola Scriptura: The Bible and the Reformation

The Intellectual Reformation

The Print Revolution

Map Discovery: The Spread of Printing

Christian Humanism

The Humanist Movement

The Wit of Erasmus

The Lutheran Reformation

The Spark of Reform

Martin Luther’s Faith


The Spread of Lutheranism

Map Discovery: The Spread of Lutheranism

The Protestant Reformation

Geneva and Calvin

The English Reformation

The Reformation of the Radicals

The Catholic Reformation

The Spiritual Revival

Image Discovery

Fishing for Souls

Loyola’s Pilgrimage

The Counter-Reformation

Map Discovery: The Religious Divisions of Europe

The Empire Strikes Back

A Closer Look



A Dutch Wit

Luther on Marriage

The Eternal Decree

Heavenly Vision

Chapter 14

Europe at War, 1555—1648

The Visual Record:

The Massacre of the Innocents: War and European Society

The Crises of the Western States

The French Wars of Religion

Map Discovery: Religious Divisions in France During the Wars of Religion

One King, Two Faiths

The World of Philip II

The Burgundian Inheritance

Map Discovery: Habsburg Lands at the Abdication of Charles V

The Revolt of the Netherlands

The Struggles in Eastern Europe

Kings and Diets in Poland

Image Discovery


Muscovy’s Time of Troubles

The Rise of Sweden

The Thirty Years’ War, 1618—1648

Bohemia Revolts

The War Widens

Map Discovery: Population Loss in Germany During the Thirty Years’ War

The Long Quest for Peace

A Closer Look

The Monstrous Regiment of Women


The Heart and Stomach of a King


War Is Hell

Fire and Sword

Chapter 15

The Experiences of Life in Early Modern Europe, 1500—1650

The Visual Record:

Haymaking: Agriculture in a European Community

Economic Life

Rural Life

Image Discovery


Town Life

Map Discovery: Grain Supply and Trade in Sixteenth-Century Europe

Economic Change

Map Discovery: Population Density in Europe, ca. 1600

Social Life

Social Constructs

Social Structure

Social Change

Peasant Revolts

Private and Community Life

The Family


Popular Beliefs and the Persecution of Witches

A Closer Look

Sex and the Married Man


Living by One’s Wits

The Peasants’ Revolt

The Devil’s Due

Chapter 16

The Royal State in the Seventeenth Century

The Visual Record:

Fit for a King: The Grandeur of the European Monarchy

The Rise of the Royal State

Divine Kings

The Court and the Courtiers

The Taxing Demands of War

The Crises of the Royal State

The Need to Resist

The Right to Resist

The English Civil War

Image Discovery


Map Discovery: English Civil War

The English Revolutions

The Zenith of the Royal State

The Nature of Absolute Monarchy

Absolutism in the East

Map Discovery: Expansion of Russia Under Peter the Great

The Origins of French Absolutism

Louis le Grand


The Divinity That Doth Hedge a King

A Short, Sharp Shock

The Nature of Man

A Close Shave

The West and the Wider World

The Siege of Vienna




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