Introduction to Nuclear Science, Second Edition / Edition 2

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This book was written to provide students who have limited backgrounds in the physical sciences and math with an accessible textbook on nuclear science. Expanding on the foundation of the bestselling first edition, Introduction to Nuclear Science, Second Edition provides a clear and complete introduction to nuclear chemistry and physics, from basic concepts to nuclear power and medical applications. Incorporating suggestions from professors using this book for their courses, the author has created a new text that is approximately 60 percent larger and more comprehensive and flexible than the first.

New to This Edition:

  • Thorough review of nuclear forensics, radiology, gamma cameras, and decay through proton or neutron emission
  • More detailed explanations of the necessary mathematics
  • A chapter on dosimetry of radiation fields
  • Expanded discussion of applications, introduced earlier in the text
  • More in-depth coverage of nuclear reactors, including a new chapter examining more reactor types, their safety systems, and recent accidents such as the one in Fukushima, Japan
  • Additional end-of-chapter problems throughout the book
  • A new appendix with nuclear data for all nuclides mentioned

This book covers energetics, nuclear stability, radioactive decay, nuclear reactions, interactions of radiation with matter, detection methods, and safety measures, including monitoring and regulations. It explores applications in medicine, power generation, food safety, waste, and weapons. This updated, expanded edition provides a much-needed textbook and resource for undergraduate students in science and engineering as well as those studying nuclear medicine and radiation therapy. It also serves as a general introduction to nuclear science for all interested readers.

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Editorial Reviews

From the Publisher
Praise for the first edition:

"This is an excellent first guide to undergraduate and postgraduate students studying many aspects of the nuclear sciences, from the basics of radioactive decay to nuclear medicine and other applications of radioactivity. It is well written, combining good robust science with clarity and ease of reading."
—Nick Evans, Reviews, July 2011, No. 22, Vol 12

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Product Details

  • ISBN-13: 9781439898925
  • Publisher: Taylor & Francis
  • Publication date: 3/14/2013
  • Edition description: Revised
  • Edition number: 2
  • Pages: 420
  • Product dimensions: 6.10 (w) x 9.30 (h) x 0.90 (d)

Meet the Author

Jeff C. Bryan is with the Department of Chemistry at the University of Wisconsin–La Crosse.

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Table of Contents

Atomic Structure
Nuclear Transformations
Nuclear Stability
Ionizing Radiation
A Biological Threat
Natural and Anthropogenic Radiation
The Chart of the Nuclides

Mathematics of Radioactive Decay
Atomic Masses and Average Atomic Masses
Nature of Decay
Specific Activity
Branched Decay

Energy and the Nucleus
Binding Energy
Total Energy of Decay
Decay Diagrams

Applications of Nuclear Science I: Power and Weapons
Nuclear Power
Nuclear Weapons
Nuclear Forensics

Radioactive Decay: The Gory Details
Alpha Decay
Beta Decay
Positron Decay
Electron Capture
Multiple Decay Modes
Valley of Beta Stability
Isomeric Transitions
Other Decay Modes

Interactions of Ionizing Radiation with Matter
Ionizing Radiation
Charged Particles
Attenuation of Gamma and x-Radiation

Detection of Ionizing Radiation
Gas-Filled Detectors
Scintillation Detectors
Other Detectors
Gamma Spectroscopy

Applications of Nuclear Science II: Medicine and Food
Radiation Therapy
Food Irradiation
Nuclear Medicine

Nuclear Reactions
Cross Section
Cosmogenic Nuclides

Fission and Fusion
Spontaneous Fission
Neutron-Induced Fission
Stellar Nucleosynthesis
Synthesis of Unknown Elements

Applications of Nuclear Science III: More about Nuclear Reactors
Reactions in Reactors
Other Reactor Types
Reactor Safety Systems
Nuclear Power Plant Accidents
Fusion Reactors

Radiation Protection
Regulations and Recommendations

X-Ray Production
Conventional X-Ray Beams
High-Energy X-Ray Beams

Dosimetry of Radiation Fields
Percent Depth Dose
Tissue-Air Ratio
Tissue Maximum Ratio
Isodose Curves
Moving Fields
Proton and Electron Beam Dosimetry

Appendix A: Useful Constants, Conversion Factors, SI Prefixes, and Formulas
Appendix B: Periodic Table of the Elements
Appendix C
Appendix D: Table of Chi-Squared

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