Knowledge Diffusion In The U.S. Aerospace Industry

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How does the aerospace community—particularly the large commercial aircraft (LCA) sector—effectively spur economic competitiveness on a global scale? Taking a multidisciplinary approach, the authors identify knowledge as an essential element in innovation and technological progress, and attempt to explain how the industry's disproportionately large population of highly skilled and highly paid workers, engineers, and scientists impact the global economy. Based on the results of more than a decade of work under the NASA/DoD Aerospace Knowledge Diffusion Research Project, the book contemplates how individuals and companies recognize, process, and exploit knowledge. The authors evaluate LCA sectors in the United States, Western Europe, and Japan; explore how knowledge diffusion and public policy shape research, development, and production; and summarize how the race for new technology sparks economic competition in this scholarly volume geared for students, scientists and researchers, and practitioners shaping public policy.

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Editorial Reviews

Nineteen chapters detail the role of knowledge in technical innovation at the individual, organizational, national, and international levels of the large commercial aircraft (LCA) aerospace community, how U.S. public policy shapes the external environment of that community, and the influence of the community's actors on technological practice. Scholars from disciplines such as business and strategic management, communications, economics, international political economy, library and information science, organizational science and learning theory, political science, public policy, and sociology treat topics such as: the growth of LCA manufacturing, U.S. research and development funding, engineers' information production and use behaviors, the relationship between technical uncertainty and information use, the use of computer networks, and a number of chapters on the structural behavior of engineers' communication and information use. Annotation c. by Book News, Inc., Portland, Or.
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Product Details

Table of Contents

1 The Evolution of Large Commercial Aircraft in the U.S. - An Overview 1
2 The Influence of U.S. Public Policy on Large Commercial Aircraft - Innovation, Transportation, and Knowledge Diffusion 35
3 U.S. Public Policy and the Production of Federally Funded Aeronautical Research and Technology 85
4 U.S. Public Policy and the Dissemination of Federally Funded Aeronautical Research and Technology 133
5 Distinguishing Engineers from Scientists - The Case for an Engineering Knowledge Community 177
6 The NASA/DoD Aerospace Knowledge Diffusion Research Project - Overview, Study Populations, and Research Agenda 215
7 The Production and Use of Information by U.S. Aerospace Engineers and Scientists - From Research through Production to Technical Services 263
8 The Relationship between Technical Uncertainty and Information Use by Industry-Affiliated U.S. Aerospace Engineers and Scientists 325
9 The Differential Effects of Workplace Experience on Information Production and Use - A Comparison of New and Established U.S. Aerospace Engineers and Scientists 379
10 The Production and Use of Information by U.S. Aerospace Engineering and Science Students at the Undergraduate and Graduate Levels 425
11 The Production and Use of Information among Aerospace Engineering Professionals and Students - A Cross-National Analysis 467
12 The Effects of Years of Academic Work Experience on the Production and Use of Information by U.S. Aerospace Engineering Faculty 523
13 The Influence of Analyzability, Equivocality, Uncertainty, and Variety on Communication in Small, Medium, and Large U.S. Aerospace Organizations 561
14 Computer Networks and Communications in the U.S. Aerospace Workplace 611
15 Information Intermediaries and Aerospace Knowledge Diffusion - The Role of U.S. Academic and Industry Libraries and Librarians 653
16 The Role of the U.S. Government Technical Report in Aerospace Knowledge Diffusion 707
17 European Approaches to Knowledge Diffusion - Public Policies Affecting Large Commercial Aircraft Research, Development, and Production 761
18 Japanese Technological Innovation - Implications for Large Commercial Aircraft and Knowledge Diffusion 829
19 Diffusing Federally Funded Aeronautical Research and Technology - Toward a Knowledge Management Structure 891
Contributors 949
Author Index 959
Subject Index 993
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