Philosophic Classics, Volume I: Ancient Philosophy / Edition 4

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Forrest Baird's revisions of Philosophic Classics, Prentice Hall's long-standing philosophy series, continue the tradition begun in 1961, to provide generations of students with anthologies of high quality in the history of Western philosophy. Using the complete works or, where appropriate, complete sections of works, this series allows philosophers to speak directly to students.

This series includes texts central to the thinker's own philosophy, using the best available translations. Introductions to each reading are divided into three sections:

  • Biographical – Provides a glimpse into the life of the philosopher;
  • Philosophical – Presents a résumé of the philosopher's thought; and
  • Bibliographical – Offers suggestions for further reading.

In addition, drawings, photographs, and time lines help put the readings into context. In short, every effort has been made to help the reader understand primary source materials.

Philosophic Classics is available in the following versions:

  • Volume I: Ancient Philosophy Fourth Edition, c2003 (0-13-048556-X)
  • Volume II: Medieval Philosophy, Fourth Edition, c2003 (0-13-048557-8)
  • Volume III: Modern Philosophy, Fourth Edition, c2003 (0-13-048558-6)
  • Volume IV: Nineteenth-Century Philosophy; Third Edition, c2003 (0-13-048550-0)
  • Volume V: Twentieth-Century Philosophy Third Edition, c2003 (013-048563-2)
  • From Plato to Derrida, Combined Edition, Fourth Edition, c2003 (0-13-048561-6)
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Editorial Reviews

An anthology of writings of the most important Greek philosophers, along with selections from some of their Roman followers, covering the period before Socrates through Socrates, Plato, and Hellenistic and Roman philosophy. Wherever possible, selections are complete works or complete sections of works, and are central to the thinker's philosophy. Each thinker is introduced with an essay covering biographical and philosophical aspects, and suggestions for further reading. For accessibility, most footnotes treating textual matters have been omitted and all Greek words have been transliterated and put in angle brackets. Includes some b&w photos of sculpture of the period. Lacks a subject index. Annotation c. Book News, Inc., Portland, OR (
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Product Details

  • ISBN-13: 9780130485564
  • Publisher: Pearson
  • Publication date: 6/25/2002
  • Edition description: Older Edition
  • Edition number: 4
  • Pages: 561
  • Product dimensions: 7.00 (w) x 9.20 (h) x 0.90 (d)

Meet the Author

Forrest E. Baird is Professor and Chair of Philosophy & Religion at Whitworth College, Spokane, Washington.

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Table of Contents

Plato 3
Euthyphro 7
Apology 20
Crito 38
Phaedo (72c-82e; 112e-end) 47
Meno 60
Republic (Book III, 412b-417b; Book IV, 427c-448e; Book V, complete: 448e-480a; Books VI-VII, 502c-521b) 85
Parmenides (127-135) 147
Aristotle 154
Categories (Chapters 1-5) 157
Physics (Book II, complete) 162
Metaphysics (Book I, 1-4, 6, 9, Book XII, 6-9) 173
On the Soul (Book II, 1-3; Book III, 4-5) 189
Nichomachean Ethics (Books I-II; Book III, 1-5; Books VI-VII; Book X, 6-8) 195
Epicurus 270
Letter to Menoeceus 272
Principal Doctrines 276
Epictetus 279
Encheiridion (Manual) 280
Plotinus 293
Enneads (Ennead I, Tractate 6) 294
Augustine 305
Confessions (Book XI) 308
City of God (Book XII, 1-9; Book XIX, 11-17) 322
Boethius 341
The Consolation of Philosophy (Book V, 6) 343
John Scotus Eriugena 347
The Division of Nature (Periphyseon) (Book I, 1-7, 14) 349
Anselm (and Gaunilo) 353
Proslogion (Chapters 2-4) 355
Gaunilo and Anselm: Debate 356
Moses Maimonides 362
The Guide for the Perplexed (Part II) 364
Thomas Aquinas 368
Summa Theologica (Part I, Questions 1-2) 372
The Principles of Nature 388
John Duns Scotus 402
A Treatise on God as First Principle (Chapter 3) 403
William of Ockham 409
Summa Logicae (Part I, 14-16) 411
Nicholas Cusanas 417
On Learned Ignorance (Chapters 1-4, 26) 418
Rene Descartes 427
Meditations on the First Philosophy 431
Thomas Hobbes 471
Leviathan (selections from Chapters 1-3, 6, 9, 12-15, 17-18, 21) 474
Baruch Spinoza 513
Ethics (Sections 1-2) 515
John Locke 567
An Essay Concerning Human Understanding (in part) 569
Gottfried Leibniz 633
Discourse on Metaphysics 636
Theodicy 663
The Monadology 670
George Berkeley 679
Three Dialogues Between Hylas and Philonous 682
David Hume 740
An Enquiry Concerning Human Understanding 743
Immanuel Kant 821
Prolegomena to Any Future Metaphysics 824
Foundation for the Metaphysics of Morals 896
G. W. F. Hegel 943
Phenomenology of Spirit (B, IV, A) 946
Who Thinks Abstractly? 952
Reason in History (Chapters 1-3) 955
John Stuart Mill 986
Utilitarianism 989
On Liberty (Chapter 3) 1027
Soren Kierkegaard 1039
Fear and Trembling (Problema I) 1043
Concluding Unscientific Postscript (selections from Section I, Chapter 2; Section II, Chapter 2) 1051
Karl Marx 1070
Economic and Philosophical Manuscripts (in part) 1074
Manifesto of the Communist Party (with Friedrich Engels) (Chapters 1, 2, 4) 1093
A Contribution to the Critique of Political Economy (Preface) 1104
Friedrich Nietzsche 1105
The Birth of Tragedy (Chapters 1-3, 15, 25) 1109
On the Genealogy of Morality (first essay) 1119
Thus Spoke Zarathustra (Part I, 1-3) 1136
Twilight of the Idols (in part) 1138
The Anti-Christ (First Book, 1-7, 62) 1143
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The philosophers of ancient Greece have fascinated thinking persons for centuries. Their writings have been one of the key influences on the development of Western civilization, beginning with the fragmentary statements of the Pre-Socratics, moving to the all-embracing systems of Plato and Aristotle, and culminating in the practical advice of the Hellenistic writers, Greek philosophers have defined the questions and suggested many of the answers for subsequent generations. As the great Greek statesman, Pericles, sagely predicted, "Future ages will wonder at us, as the present age wonders at us now."

This volume in the Philosophic Classics series includes the writings of the most important Greek philosophers, along with selections from some of their Roman followers. In choosing texts for this volume I have tried wherever possible to follow three principles: (1) to use complete works or, where more appropriate, complete sections of works (2) in clear translations (3) of texts central to the thinker's philosophy or widely accepted as part of the "canon." To make the works more accessible to students, most footnotes treating textual matters (variant readings, etc.) have been omitted and all Greek words have been transliterated and put in angle brackets. In addition, each thinker is introduced by a brief essay composed of three sections: (1) biographical (a glimpse of the life), (2) philosophical (a résumé of the philosopher's thought), and (3) bibliographical (suggestions for further reading).

For this edition a number of small changes have been made including the addition of Critias and Aspasia to the Pre-Socratics and the section on the "Ring of Gyges"from Plato's Republic. The section on the Hellenistic and Roman philosophers has been restructured to follow the development of the different schools and the translations of Plato, Apology and Crito, Lucretius, On the Nature of the Universe, and Plotinus, Enneads, have all been changed.

Those who use this first volume in a one-term course in ancient philosophy will find more material here than can easily fit a normal semester. But this embarrassment of riches gives teachers some choice and, for those who offer the same course year after year, an opportunity to change the menu.

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