Psychology and Work Today: An Introduction to Industrial and Organizational Psychology / Edition 8

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An invaluable preparation guide for entering today's business and industrial world, this informative, sophisticated and entertaining book teaches about the nature of work in modern society and shows how industrial-organizational psychology directly influences readers' lives as job applicants, trainees, employees, managers, and consumers. The guide explains the principles, practices, and problems of industrial-organizational psychology, the development of human resources, organizational psychology, characteristics of the workplace, engineering psychology and consumer psychology. For anyone— employees, managers and consumers— involved in today's business and industrial worlds.
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Editorial Reviews

In this update of the 1994 edition, D. Schultz (U. of South Florida) and S. Schultz continue their focus on real-world workplace practices and applied principles rather than on studies of college students performing simulated work tasks. Taking into account the changing demographics, economics, and technology of employment, they cover standard topics of industrial/ organizational psychology: an overview of the I/O field, the development of human resources, organizational issues, workplace characteristics, plus consumer psychology. Primarily for non-majors. Annotation c. by Book News, Inc., Portland, Or.
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Product Details

  • ISBN-13: 9780130341310
  • Publisher: Taylor & Francis
  • Publication date: 12/1/1901
  • Edition description: Older Edition
  • Edition number: 8
  • Pages: 504
  • Product dimensions: 8.14 (w) x 10.34 (h) x 1.00 (d)

Table of Contents

Pt. 1 The Practice of Industrial/Organizational Psychology 1
1 Principles, Practices, and Problems 3
2 Techniques, Tools, and Tactics 28
Pt. 2 The Development of Human Resources 55
3 Employee Selection Principles and Techniques 57
4 Psychological Testing 98
5 Performance Appraisal 128
6 Training and Development 165
Pt. 3 Organizational Psychology 199
7 Leadership 201
8 Motivation, Job Satisfaction, and Job Involvement 236
9 The Organization of the Organization 275
Pt. 4 Characteristics of the Workplace 307
10 Working Conditions 309
11 Safety, Violence, and Health in the Workplace 338
12 Stress in the Workplace 371
Pt. 5 Engineering Psychology 405
13 Engineering Psychology 407
Pt. 6 Consumer Psychology 441
14 Consumer Psychology 443
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Most of the students taking this introductory course in industrial-organizational (I-O) psychology will work for some kind of organization. Many are already employed while attending college. Our goal in this book is to show them how I-O psychology will directly influence their lives as job applicants, trainees, employees, managers, and consumers. In brief, we are teaching students about the nature of work in modern society.

Our focus is on the practical and the applied rather than the scientific ideal. For example, we believe that students must be introduced to topics such as training needs analysis, but they also should know that, in the reality of the workplace, training needs analyses are rarely conducted because companies are reluctant to spend money on them.

It is important that students learn about the major theories, models, research techniques, and findings of the science of I-O psychology, so that they can develop an understanding of the aims and goals of the field. However, students must also be aware that I-O psychology in practice is tempered by the conditions and demands of organizational life. Therefore, we have chosen to discuss theories, methods, and research results within the framework of actual work situations and job-related problems rather than as academic exercises.

Most of the research we cite deals with employees on the job, not college students performing simulated work tasks in the psychology department laboratory. We describe I-O psychology programs in action, showing how they are developed and implemented in a variety of organizational settings, using diverse groups of workers from many countries throughout the world.

Thus, the eighth editionof Psychology and Work Today continues to present I-O psychology within the context in which work actually takes place. We recognize the growing ethnic diversity of the workforce, the impact of changing economic conditions, and the effects of twenty-first-century technology.

We have written this text primarily for students who are not psychology majors and who have little background in the field. These students make up the majority of the enrollment in courses in I-O psychology, business psychology, personnel psychology, and applied psychology in psychology departments and business schools at the community college, college, and university levels.

The changes in this edition mirror the dynamic nature of the field. Chapters have been rewritten and reorganized to incorporate current research studies and management techniques. We acknowledge the importance of computer technology in several new sections on virtual reality—such as virtual workplaces, research laboratories, meetings, and self-managing work teams. Related to this phenomenon is the use of online technology for recruiting, employee selection, interviewing, polling, and psychological testing. Internet-based training and electronic monitoring for performance appraisal are covered, along with problems of Internet addiction and social isolation.

Other topics new to this edition include the failures of fair employment (anti-discrimination) legislation, discrimination based on genetic testing, ethnic harassment, executive coaching, career self-management, organizational justice, occupational health psychology, safety issues for home offices, and management hoteling (private offices on demand).

Some topics from the previous editions given expanded coverage are the Big Five personality factors as predictors of job success, electronic performance monitoring, 360-degree feedback, women in management, gender and sexual harassment, and telecommuting.

The chapters include outlines, summaries, annotated reading lists, and key terms in boldface type. Definitions for the key terms are presented in the margins and are cumulated in a glossary at the back of the book. Chapters 3 through 14 contain case problems (Case in Point), which are descriptions of current on-the-job research to illustrate specific topics and research approaches. Think About It questions challenge students to analyze material from the chapter in evaluating the cases. The questions are also suitable for class discussion and written assignments. The popular Newsbreak feature has been expanded. These brief sections offer informal discussions of real-world job issues, such as casual dress in the office, how not to interview, power napping, workplace violence, and anonymity in rating one's boss. Web-based resources are provided throughout the book in a feature called Online! All addresses are current as of the time of publication. An instructor's manual and test bank to accompany the text has been prepared by Tom Meriwether of the Virginia Military Institute.

We would like to thank the many students and colleagues who wrote to us about the book and who offered valuable suggestions for the new edition. In addition, several reviewers provided perceptive feedback on the manuscript, and we are appreciative of their efforts. They include Jessica M. Sterling, State University of New York-Albany; Ken Gray, College of Dupage; and Lori Rosenthal, Emerson College.

Duane P. Schultz
Sydney Ellen Schultz

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